Newcomer s Guide to Gardening

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´╗┐Newcomer's Guide to Gardening By the Master Gardeners of Arlington and Alexandria in association with the Virginia Cooperative Extension

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Section One What You Need To Know Local Quick Facts

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Local Quick Facts Arlington & Alexandria Virginia are in Zone 7 of the Zone Hardiness Map Last ice date in the Spring is 4/10 to 4/21 First ice date in the Fall is 11/8 to 11/28 Average precipitation around there is around 40 crawls for each year Clay soils and how to change them Mulching-reasons and assets

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Clay Soils Clay is the prevailing soil in our general vicinity Get a dirt test from your VCE office It is anything but difficult to do, economical and gives profitable data on your dirt Amending Clay with natural matter is an unquestionable requirement! Compost, topsoil, excrement, and manure ought to be worked into the main 4-6 crawls before planting, trailed by a layer of mulch. This revises soil by enhancing air circulation, supplements and minerals accessible to plants, and seepage giving an enhanced soil to planting in. Different components may should be included likewise according to proposals soil test comes about.

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Mulch & Compost Why mulch? Mulching helps your plant beds from multiple points of view. A layer of mulch connected every fall secures plants over the winter, decreases weeds in the spring, holds dampness in soil, and enhances soil quality by correcting soil as the mulch separates. Utilizing mulch really can spare you time and cash it holds dampness in the quaint little inns your time spent watering . Free Mulch & Compost Free Leaf Mulch in Arlington is accessible for pickup at N. 26 th Street close Glebe Road and Marymount University and at the Arlington Trade Center on S. Arlington Mill Drive. For home conveyance (at a charge), call 703-228-4570 for recorded message. In Alexandria free Leaf Mulch is accessible for pickup at the Eisenhower Avenue treating the soil site close Clermont Avenue. For home conveyance and cost, contact the Recycling Center at 703-751-5872.

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Example of poor muching hones Always leave root flare uncovered. Just 2-3" of mulch fundamental.

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Section Two Cultural & Integrated Pest Management Practices

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Cultural & Integrated Pest Management Practices Beneficial Insects-benefits and recognizing Plant Selection-how to pick Pesticides-legitimate utilization of Watering-productive practices Sanitation-forestalling illness and pervasion Planning-three season shading Weed Control-control strategies Composting-how to Soil Improvement-suggestions

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Beneficial Insects Good bugs help the plant specialist from numerous points of view. They help underway of blossoms by fertilization, obliterate different weeds, enhance soil conditions, and go after destructive creepy crawlies in the garden. Some great bugs are Ladybugs or Ladybeetles, Lacewings, Praying Mantis, Bees and numerous Wasps, Assassin Bug and the majority of their hatchlings are valuable encouraging on numerous unsafe bugs.

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Good bugs

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Good Bugs

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Control Methods Handpicking by assessing plants regularly and turning leaves over to look at you can spot numerous potential dangers to your plants. Creepy crawly traps, draws, anti-agents and Biological Controls can be extremely viable when utilized legitimately after an exact evaluation of destructive bugs. Approach the Master Gardeners for help with this..

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Bad Bugs Japanese Beetles both hatchlings and grown-ups Aphids Lacebugs Mites Caterpillars & Worms Adelgids

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Bad Bugs

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Predators & Parasites Take favorable position of normal predators, parasites, and pathogens that are as of now in your garden-empower bugs, amphibians, and dragonflies. Figure out how to perceive eggs and hatchlings of helpful creepy crawlies including parasites and egg cases. A case of this is the tomato hornworm. This beautiful caterpillar is an irritation to your tomatoes however is regularly observed with various white egg cases on it's back. A parasitic wasp lays these eggs on the caterpillar that will at last execute it when the wasp eggs bring forth. So allow this one to sit unbothered and more wasps will develop to profit your garden. Numerous wasps are critical pollinators as well

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Predators and Parasites Beneficial Nematodes

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Plant Selection Choose the right plant for your developing conditions-sun,shade or part shade, wet or dry, secured or uncovered territories, and evergreen, deciduous, lasting and annuals in your garden. Pick malady and creepy crawly safe species and assortments, and also grant victors don't be reluctant to ask a Master Gardener or Nursery staff for suggestions. Select sound very much created plants with great root frameworks Buy from legitimate source

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Well Developed Root Systems Check the plant before you get it! Deliberately expel the root ball from the holder or request that a staff part do it for you to analyze the roots

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Pesticides Always take after producer mark guidelines Only use as required don't have any significant bearing them to everything in your garden if one and only or two plants are influenced. Pesticides utilized inaccurately can be extremely unsafe and hurtful. They can mischief and murder helpful bugs, worms, feathered creatures and other untamed life, and also represent a genuine wellbeing danger to people. They can likewise filter into and taint groundwater, annoy the adjust of your dirt and increment resistance in irritations. Try to accurately recognize bother before regarding and apply as prescribed by the Master Gardeners

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Watering 1 Inch for each week is suggested, this wets soil 5-6 crawls profound Water less regularly yet more profound and advances solid root improvement. Water your yard best case scenario ingestion and less vanishing Water your garden in the morning permitting plants time to dry before sunset and avert numerous parasitic illnesses. Remain out of the garden when the dirt is wet-this keeps the spread of sickness on shoes and compaction of the dirt. Utilize trickle water system framework if workable for best proficiency

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Sanitation Clean up and expel all garden squander. This incorporates leaves, dead stalks of blooms, trees and bushes, spent blossom heads and seeds, dead annuals and contaminated plant material. Numerous vermin and ailments over winter in these materials and contamination can be averted by keeping up a spotless garden.

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Planning By doing some arranging you can boost your garden satisfaction and make utilization of three or even four seasons. You can outline your plantings with the goal that you have shading and intrigue throughout the entire year. By picking the right plant for the area in your garden you will have flourishing plants and invest less energy and cash supplanting them. Utilize a planting arrangement or graph. This is extremely useful when you go out, purchase new plants and are attempting to discover a spot in your garden for them. It will help you abstain from uncovering something that you overlooked was there.

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Weed Control Weeds frequently harbor bugs and seek supplements and water, and in addition being unattractive Control Methods-handpicking chose weeds, spot utilization of fitting weed executioner after you have recognized the weed, and pre-development weed executioners

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Composting Components of a decent manure heap are: a great base to consider waste and wind stream, even dampness, legitimate proportion of green/Nitrogen to cocoa/Carbon is 1:3, customary turning and air circulation of heap Patience will be remunerated. Fertilizing the soil is a characteristic procedure that takes some time. Completed manure needs to age a couple of months before utilize. Work compost into soil to enhance soil quality and plant force and execution Its free, simple and fulfilling

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Compost Bin Designs

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Soil Improvement Get a dirt test Add Organic Matter to your dirt and work it into the main 4-6 inches Maintain marginally corrosive soil PH 6.5 Use chemicals and manures sparingly and simply after cautious examination to guarantee redress application-an excessive number of or the wrong ones can do broad harm and surprise the characteristic adjust of the dirt

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Section Three Do's and Don'ts Lawns, Trees, Shrubs & Perennials

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Do's & Don'ts Lawns Don't burn through cash on pointless composts and yard benefits before getting a dirt test from the Extension Service. Do prepare with a moderate discharge nitrogen compost and just in the fall; forestall constrained development, ailment, and concoction spillover into our common water frameworks. Try not to gather your grass clippings; abandon them on the yard to decay and give free nitrogen compost. Do water just once per week in summer if precipitation has not been one creep; water in the morning to forestall malady and advance profound roots. Try not to cut lower than 2-1/2 to 3 inches; let the grass shade its own foundations and group out weeds and lessen Japanese Beetle hatchlings. Do consider moderately low-upkeep ground covers for regions, for example, slants where it is hard to cut or shady zones where it is hard to develop grass.

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Do's & Don'ts Trees Do encompass trees with mulch to shield them from cutter and trimmer harm. Try not to mulch inside 3-6 inches of the storage compartment; anticipate bark decaying and rat get to. Do utilize penetrable clearing set on stone tidy somewhat then in concrete for ways and porches to lessen keep running off and increment the water that achieves tree roots. Try not to dispose of the abandons you gather in the fall; hack them up with your trimmer and manure them for future use as supplement rich mulch or soil conditioner. Try not to best your trees to diminish their stature; counsel a confirmed arborist.

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Don't Top Your Trees!

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Do's & Don'ts Shrubs and Perennials Do choose non-obtrusive assortments that will do well around there under the particular conditions in which they will develop, e.g. sunny or shady, wet or dry. Do aggregate plants with comparable prerequisites together and mulch them to ration dampness and your vitality. Do choose sound plants that will flourish in the area you will place them in. Do request help in making choices the more data yo