New Developments in Pulses Production Technologies and Strategies for Enhancing Pulses Production in India

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New Developments in Pulses Production Technologies through ISOPOM/NFSM tasks to ICRISAT and accomplices. ISOPOM Project Improving warmth resilience in chickpea (2009/10 to 2012/13) . . Expanding rate of warmth anxiety in chickpeaIncreasing region under late sown conditions Fluctuations and increment in temperatures because of environmental change Large move in chickpea territory from northern India to Southern I

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New Developments in Pulses Production Technologies and Strategies for Enhancing Pulses Production in India Pooran M Gaur and CLL Gowda International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) Patancheru 502 324, Andhra Pradesh

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New Developments in Pulses Production Technologies through ISOPOM/NFSM tasks to ICRISAT and accomplices

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ISOPOM Project Improving warmth resistance in chickpea (2009/10 to 2012/13) Increasing frequency of warmth worry in chickpea Increasing territory under late sown conditions Fluctuations and increment in temperatures because of environmental change Large move in chickpea range from northern India to Southern India

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Large hereditary variety for warmth resilience in chickpea Sensitive Tolerant

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Release of warmth tolerant assortment The warmth tolerant line ICCV 92944 discharged as "JG 14" in Central India for late sown conditions JG 14 is being assessed in late sown conditions in agriculturists' fields

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ISOPOM Project Development of additional substantial seeded kabuli chickpea assortments (2005/06 to 2008/09) Before 2000 Between 2000 to 2005 Target of the venture

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Extra-vast seeded (>50g/100-seed) kabuli chickpea assortments discharged and rearing materials created Varieties discharged KRIPA (Phule G 0517) from Rahuri (2009) – Central Zone IPCK 2 from Kanpur (2010) – North-West Plain Zone (B) Breeding lines created Several lines under AICRP and station trials

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NFSM Project Enhancing chickpea generation in rainfed rice-decrepit terrains (RRFL) of Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh ( 2008-2012) Source: Subbarao et al. (2001)

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Expanding chickpea development in rice-fallows Over 3800 exhibitions led in 8 towns amid 2008-09 to 2009-10

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ISOPOM Project: Enhancing Yield and Stability of Pigeonpea through Heterosis Breeding (2005-06 to 2009-10) NFSM Project: Taking Pigeonpea Hybrids to the Doorsteps of Farmers (2007-08 to 2011-12)

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Hybrid Pigeonpea CMS based pigeonpea turns into a reality on the planet 1550 on-homestead trials showed 25-60% yield increment over check assortment Hybrid pigeonpea seed generation framework exchanged to Public and Private seed parts ICPH 2671 discharged by MP in Dec 2010 ICPH 2740 and different crossovers under on-ranch testing in four states

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ISOPOM Project Development and Popularization of "Model" Seed System(s) for Major Legumes to Ensure Seed-Sufficiency at the Village Level (2006/07 to 2009/10) Crops and states included

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Salient accomplishment of Seed System extend Farmer-favored assortments of chickpea, groundnut and pigeonpea recognized for every area through FPVS trials "Model" seed creation system(s) distinguished for every area Availability of enhanced seed upgraded at the nearby level

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Strategies for upgrading beats creation in India

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Expanding territory of heartbeats Promotion of heartbeats development in rice-fallows Inclusion of brief span assortments of heartbeats as catch harvest Pigeonpea in slopes

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Enhancing efficiency of heartbeats Technologies accessible for improving profitability Improved assortments Hybrids in pigeonpea Agronomic practices for enhanced product foundation and soil and water administration Integrated supplement administration Integrated vermin/sickness/weed administration Come-up/life sparing water system in rabi beats

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What more is required? Accessibility of value seed - Linking formal & non-formal seed part - Involve Agro-business visionaries in seed inventory network - Village Seed Banks/Farmer cooperatives Supply micronutrients - Link rancher bunches with industry/providers - Soil testing offices and Soil Health Cards Procurement of grain - Remunerative costs to agriculturists - Timely acquirement (at collect) Helicoverpa resistance and herbicide resilience (Transgenics) Suitability for mechanical development

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Enhancing gainfulness of heartbeats creation Reducing expense of development Promotion of market favored cultivars Value expansion and connecting ranchers to advertise

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Lessons to be gained from examples of overcoming adversity Chickpea upset in Andhra Pradesh During the previous 10 years 4-overlay increment in region 2.4-overlap increment in yield 9-crease increment underway Over 90% zone under enhanced cultivars Trends in chickpea zone and generation in AP

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Key variables for chickpea upheaval in AP Availability of appropriate assortments (brief length, high yielding, fusarium shrivel safe) High reception of enhanced cultivars and generation innovations Transformation of subsistence to showcase arranged cultivating Grain storerooms accessible to ranchers at nearby level and at moderate cost

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Suggestions for Pulse Sufficiency Establish National Pulses Board Appoint a CEO (Senior IAS Officer) Authority & responsibility for: - Coordinating crosswise over services/offices - Coordinating with state government apparatus - Supply of important data sources - Monitor grain acquisition and profitable costs to ranchers (not to dealers)

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Thank you!

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