Negative Views Of The Family

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Laing 1970

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Negative Views Of The Family In the 1960's Edmund Leach compared the family to an 'over stacked electrical circuit holding up to blow a wire' his fundamental contention was that we had turned out to be excessively privatized and disengaged in our atomic family settings and this was bringing about a lot of weight on connections. He advocates breaking out from these separate units and connecting with our kindred people.

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Laing 1970 – Parents and youngsters are connected by a perplexing web of feelings and pressures. These can bring about a "breakdown" - a kind of personality emergency for specific people. Accordingly Laing supported treating the "entire" family. Subsequently family treatment sessions

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Cooper 1972 Working in an indistinguishable field from Laing, Cooper assaults family life for controling the opportunity of youngsters and stifling their distinction. Accordingly subservience and dutifulness are advanced inside society. Cooper is tuned in to Marxists when he says that the family is 'an ideological molding gadget in an exploitive society'

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Perspectives On The Family Foucault 1975 – Critical hypothesis Foucault kept up that offices, for example, the law, social specialists, welfare benefits, the expense framework and so forth are controlling family life. The cliché atomic family model of guardians + children is held up as the standard

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Perspectives On The Family Foucault 1975 - Themes of his work:- 1. Customary parenthood is strengthened Mothers who need to work are confined by challenges organizing childcare. Working for ladies is depicted as not "ordinary" Women encounter blame and worry thus 2. Accentuation on train and congruity in current society Confession of deficiencies to "specialists" eg specialists, advisors, clinicians and so forth

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Perspectives On The Family Morgan 1980 concurs with Foucault from a Marxist point of view in that the family is a foundation under attack in the present day world. The probably private universe of family life is held under control by means of offices of the state

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Marriage & Marital breakdown Fewer individuals are getting hitched than at whatever other time in the most recent 40 years. Be that as it may: People are deferring marriage instead of dismissing it Most individuals still consider marriage to be alluring

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Marriage & Marital breakdown Types Of Marital Breakdown Divorce – lawful consummation of a marriage liberating accomplices to wed again Separation – live separated Desertion – where one accomplice doesn " t know where alternate has gone Empty – shell - where marriage exists in name just – " remaining together for purpose of kids and so on

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Marriage & Marital breakdown Explanations for expanding divorce rate Divorce laws 1969 Divorce Reform Act (got to be law in 1971) presented 'lost breakdown' as a no blame explanation behind separation. Following 2 years partition if both concurred 5 years if just a single concurred Essentially made separation less demanding to get!

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Marriage & Marital breakdown Explanations for expanding divorce rate Divorce laws cont 1984 Act – permitted couples to get separated after 1 yr of marriage. 1996 Act (came in 1999) expanded this to year and a half

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Marriage & Marital breakdown 2. Less shame As separation turned out to be more normal it turned out to be more worthy and some portion of consistently life.

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Marriage & Marital breakdown 3. Changing part of ladies About 75% of petitions for separation are made by ladies. Ladies now are :- Educated to more elevated amounts. Work increasingly and have autonomous fund. More averse to remain in an 'unfilled shell' marriage.

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Marriage & Marital breakdown 4. Individuals Live Longer People get to know one another and thusly have more shot of dropping out Plus individuals in despondent connections now feel there is an ideal opportunity to leave and begin again with another person

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Marriage & Marital breakdown 5. Secularization The decrease in the religious hugeness of marriage Less church weddings Promises made 'before God' not seen as authoritative

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Marriage & Marital breakdown 6. Privatization Of Family Life Rather than a 'sanctuary in a wanton world' some observe the family as the wellspring of discontents Search for closeness makes pressures inside connections People expect a lot from each other. Less weights from more extensive family to remain together

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Marriage & Marital breakdown 7. The estimation of marriage Functionalists like Fletcher & Parsons contend that individuals put a higher incentive on marriage now than in the past People expect more from an accomplice and will no longer endure inferior connections Gibson 1994 says that the current accentuation on individual accomplishment and consumerism has stretched out to connections

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Factors liable to bring about separation Age Lower the age at marriage = HCD (higher shot separation) Teens more prone to develop separated Economic weights and so forth

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Factors liable to bring about separation Class MC have bring down rates than WC Highest rates among unemployed

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Factors liable to bring about separation Social & Status Differences The more prominent the contrasts between accomplices - class, age, ethnicity,, religion = HCD

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Factors liable to bring about separation Ethnicity Divorce rates low among Asian gatherings

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Factors liable to bring about separation Family History If your folks separated - you have a higher possibility of separation Less restriction from guardians when looking for a separation

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Factors liable to bring about separation Duration HCD in initial 5 years of marriage Older individuals now separate more 30+ yrs marrieds are 2x more inclined to separation now than 10 yrs prior

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Consequences Of Divorce Recent reviews propose that children from separated foundations will probably Get separated themselves Underachieve at school Be unemployed Suffer weakness B ecome culprits

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Exeter Study 1994 - Cockett & Tripp youngsters in 'reordered families' (progression) endured issues of conformity until some other time in life. Kids needed to remain with both normal guardians even with the strains included

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Norwegian Study 1994 - Moxnes Sees positive side of separation Creation of another 'bi-atomic' family with great relations amongst old and new accomplices and youngsters Could be viewed as an over idealistic view!

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Define The Following Terms Monogamy Serial Monogamy Polygamy Polyandry Polygyny

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Cohabitation Coleman & Salt 1992 Suggest that the prevalence of marriage has declined in light of the fact that customary suppositions have changed. New thoughts, the changing part of ladies and more dependable strategies for anti-conception medication are all contributory variables

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Cohabitation Reasons For The Increase In Cohabitation Marriage is less chic. Marriage is costly. Decrease in religious convictions. Financial and work frailty. High separation rates make individuals careful about responsibility

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Family Diversity The picture of the " grain parcel family " (Leach) is advanced as the essential family show i.e. hitched grown-ups in addition to kids. Be that as it may others contend that a majority of structures now exist

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Civil Partnerships What is a Civil Partnership? The Civil Partnership Bill was passed on the seventeenth November 2004, turning into the Civil Partnership Act 2004. It is legitimate affirmation that same-sex connections, with the necessities of responsibility and acknowledgment, exist. Enlisted couples will have new lawful status as "registered Civil Partners" and will be secured by a bundle of rights like those of wedded couples. The Act gives enlisted gay couples the privilege to apply for joint state benefits, shared parental obligation and acknowledgment under legacy laws. This carries the UK into line with other European nations that perceive same sex couples, including Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Norway, and Sweden.

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Family Diversity Ron & Rhona Rapoport 1982 Give 5 sorts of assorted qualities 1. Hierarchical Diversity Variations in family structure e.g. single guardians Reconstituted families and so forth

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Family Diversity 2. Social Diversity There are contrasts in light of ethnic roots and religious convictions

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Family Diversity 3. Class Diversity There are numerous contrasts amongst MC and WC families. Higher separation rates among WC

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Family Diversity 4. Life-cycle Diversity Newly marrieds without youngsters have an alternate way of life to those with kids

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Family Diversity 5. Accomplice Diversity This alludes to the periods at which gatherings of families have survived particular things together e.g. war

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Family Diversity Eversley & Bonnerjea 1982 – Regional Diversity They contend that distinctive territories of Britain have diverse examples of family association. In provincial territories augmented connection is vital, inward urban areas have higher rates of single guardians and the southern " sun belt " has more 2 parent upwardly versatile families.

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Family Diversity Weekes, Donovan & Heaphey 1999 – Homosexual Families Say that Gay and Lesbian family units have turned out to be more regular since the 1980 " s. They depict such units as " picked " families – they pick whom to incorporate as " family " individuals.

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Family Diversity New Reproductive Technologies Surrogacy gives the possibility to a radical better approach for shaping families.

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Family Diversity Modhood et al 1997 - Ethnicity Whites and Caribbean " s have most astounding rates of separation in UK Asians and Africans have most elevated marriage rates and most elevated rates of youngsters living with both regular guardians – 90% (75% for whites, half Caribbean " s) Caribbean " s have most noteworthy single parent rate in UK

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Family Diversity Single Person Households 25% of families are possessed by one individual and this extent is ris

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