Module 2 Presentation Connection Content Zone: Theory Era

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Wellbeing related conditions and practices are not circulated consistently in a populace. ... News

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Module 2 Introduction Context Content Area: Hypothesis Generation Essential Question (Generic): What speculations may clarify the conveyance of wellbeing related occasions or states? Vital Question (Drug Abuse Specific): What theories may clarify sedate manhandle? Persisting Epidemiological Understanding: Clues for detailing theories can be found by watching the way a wellbeing related condition or conduct is circulated in a populace. Abstract In Module 2, understudies investigate how spellbinding epidemiological data on individual, place, and time (PPT) are utilized to create theories to clarify "why" a wellbeing related occasion or state has happened. Understudies start to reveal and build up the accompanying epidemiological ideas and aptitudes: assessing PPT data; creating theories to clarify that dispersion; understanding that there might be more than one sound speculation; and perceiving when a specific theory does NOT clarify the PPT data. Lesson 2-1: Overview of PPT and What's My Hypothesis? Lesson 2-2: In the News Lesson 2-3: Drug Abuse by "Individual" Race/Ethnicity Lesson 2-4: Drug Abuse by "Place" States in USA Lesson 2-5: Drug Abuse by "Time" Boundary Effect

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Module 2 - Hypothesis Generation Lesson 2-1 Overview of PPT and What's My Hypothesis? Content Introduction to utilizing individual, place, and time (PPT) to depict how a malady or other wellbeing related condition is portrayed in a populace Definition of "theory" and clarification of how PPT is utilized to create "instructed surmises" in light of perception Example of a cataclysmic occasion, and another case of a developing sickness, that represent the helpfulness of PPT and give practice to understudies to recognize individual, place, and time attributes and produce theories Big Ideas Person, place, and time (PPT) depicts an infection or other wellbeing related condition regarding "who, where, and when" Hypotheses that are proposed by PPT attempt to clarify "why" an ailment is disseminated as it is PPT data frequently prompts to more than one sensible speculation This venture is bolstered by a Science Education Drug Abuse Partnership Award, Grant Number 1R24DA016357-01, from the National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health.

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Where are we? Fundamental Questions Enduring Understandings

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Review - Definition of Epidemiology "… the investigation of the dissemination and determinants of wellbeing related states or occasions in particular populaces and the use of this study to the control of wellbeing issues."

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Review - the Descriptive Part of Epidemiology "… the investigation of the appropriation and determinants of wellbeing related states or occasions in particular populaces and the utilization of this study to the control of wellbeing issues."

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Descriptive Epidemiology Epidemiologic studies that are worried with describing the sum and circulation of wellbeing and illness inside a populace.

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PPT Sheet Person: Place: Time: Descriptive Epidemiology Who? Where? At the point when?

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PPT Sheet Person: Place: Time: Descriptive Epidemiology Illicit Drug Use AIDS Influenza

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Definition of Hypotheses An informed figure A doubtful thought, in light of perception or thinking, that can be bolstered or invalidated through examination

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Generate Test Descriptive Epidemiology Analytical Epidemiology Definition of Hypothesis Insert slide in this lesson in the event that you wish to give understudies setting about speculation testing as opposed to creating. This will be secured in Module 3 Hypothesis A dubious thought, in view of perception or thinking, that can be bolstered or negated through examination An informed figure

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Hypothesis Generation 2. Speculation Generation 2. What theories may clarify the appropriation of sickness? 2. What speculations may clarify the dissemination of medication manhandle?

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Person, Place, and Time (PPT) How is the malady or other wellbeing condition circulated? Who ? Where ? Whenever ?

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Descriptive Epidemiology Person (Who?) Place (Where?) Time (When?) Sex Age Ethnicity Occupation Economic Group Residence Occupation Being at Specific Events Geographic Sites Era Year Season Day, Hour, and so on. Date of Onset Duration

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Practice int Hypothesis Generation SES

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Practice in Hypothesis Generation SES

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Practice in Hypothesis Generation SES

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Descriptive Epidemiology SES

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Descriptive Epidemiology

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Descriptive Epidemiology

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A Mysterious Ailment A Mysterious Ailment By Jerry Bishop, Staff Reporter of the Wall Street Journal A baffling, regularly deadly disease is softening out up plague extents among youthful gay person men and medication clients. More than 180 instances of the odd ailment have been accounted for since the previous summer to the government Center for Disease Control in Atlanta. Starting last Friday, no less than 74 of the casualties have kicked the bucket. Every one of the casualties are men and 90% of them are either gay person or promiscuous. A large portion of the casualties are medication clients. The ailment is portrayed by months of fever, disquietude, and uncommon weight reduction. In all cases the patients create overpowering contaminations of at least one of twelve diverse infections, microbes or protozoa. The tainting microorganisms are sorts that don't customarily bring about obvious human illness. A considerable lot of the patients likewise build up an uncommon kind of disease. To the bewilderment of restorative researchers, the vast majority of the patients seem to have as of late built up a deformity in their invulnerable frameworks that keeps them from battling off diseases. The contaminations are to a great degree hard to control with anti-toxins and antiviral medications. "We are sensibly certain this is, indeed, another restorative problem," said Dr. Harold Jaffe, a disease transmission expert on another team composed by the Center for Disease Control to hunt down the reason for the sickness. In an exertion practically identical to that propelled a year ago to unwind the riddle of dangerous stun disorder, the inside's team is attempting to see if another germ has risen or whether something in the earth has changed to represent the sudden flare-up of the sickness. For instance, the team is registering with the utilization of sexual stimulants by the casualties on the likelihood these chemicals can impede the insusceptible framework and leave the client helpless against diseases. Among such stimulants are chemicals that are breathed in. These incorporate amyl nitrate sold in glass vials, known by the road name "poppers" and isobutyl nitrate sold as "liquid incense." First clues that some abnormal sickness was breaking out came not long ago when scientists in New York and Los Angeles reported instances of both an uncommon sort of pneumonia and an uncommon malignancy called Kaposi's sarcoma happening in a couple of young fellows. The men were either gay person or medication clients or both. The sickness focus alarmed specialists and wellbeing authorities around the nation the previous summer to the peculiar illness. The current week's New England Journal of Medicine, distributed today, dedicates three articles to depicting 19 of the patients, six of whom kicked the bucket. Distributed three protracted articles on a similar disease is strange for the therapeutic

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A Mysterious Ailment Descriptive Epidemiologic Clues Person Place Time Hypotheses

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A Mysterious Ailment

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A Mysterious Ailment Descriptive Epidemiologic Clues Person Place Time Young gay person men Large urban areas 180 cases since the previous summer New York Months of fever, discomfort and exceptional weight reduction Drug Users Los Angeles 90% are androgynous or gay person Hypotheses

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A Mysterious Ailment Descriptive Epidemiologic Clues Person Place Time Young gay person men Large urban areas 180 cases since the previous summer New York Months of fever, disquietude and uncommon weight reduction Drug Users Los Angeles 90% are swinger or gay person Hypotheses … another germ has risen … . … something in the earth … . … utilization of sexual stimulants … .

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Shaking Hands Toilet seats Poppers Injection Needles Mosquito Bites Hypothesis Generation Whistles

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A Mysterious Ailment Descriptive Epidemiologic Clues Person Place Time Young gay person men Large urban communities 180 cases since the previous summer New York Months of fever, disquietude and extreme weight reduction Drug Users Los Angeles 90% are promiscuous or gay person Hypotheses Shaking hands brought on the strange disease.

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A Mysterious Ailment Descriptive Epidemiologic Clues Person Place Time Young gay person men Large urban communities 180 cases since the previous summer New York Months of fever, discomfort and intense weight reduction Drug Users Los Angeles 90% are cross-sexual or gay person Hypotheses Sitting on can seats brought about the puzzling affliction.

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A Mysterious Ailment Descriptive Epidemiologic Clues Person Place Time Young gay person men Large urban areas 180 cases since the previous summer New York Months of fever, discomfort and uncommon weight reduction Drug Users Los Angeles 90% are promiscuous or gay person Hypotheses Poppers brought on the strange infirmity.

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A Mysterious Ailment Descriptive Epidemiologic Clues Person Place Time Young gay person men Large urban areas 180 cases since the previous summer New York Months of fever, disquietude and uncommon weight reduction Drug Users Los Angeles 90% are cross-sexual or gay person Hypotheses Using infusion needles brought about the strange

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