Medieval Music

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Voices and Instruments blend. Instrumental music now break even with. Old style ... Florentine Camerata looked to recover the expressive force of Ancient music ...

Presentation Transcript

Slide 1

Medieval Music Church is the overwhelming supporter Gregorian serenade - most surviving MSS are monophonic - Gregory, Hildegard Polyphony utilized (once in a while) to enliven serenade - Leonin, Machaut Some mainstream music survives - Troubadours & trouv ères

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Renaissance Music Church proceeds as prevailing benefactor Secular rulers and white collar class benefactors Polyphony more normal - perfect is 4 a cappella measure up to voices - impersonation is every now and again utilized - content matters (word painting utilized) Madrigals are imperative common frame Josquin, Palestrina, Weelkes

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The Baroque Era New time, starts, c. 1600 (or prior) Northern Italy Highly expressive style (proceeds with components of Renaissance, yet frequently conveyed to extremes) Monumental (huge scale outlines) Very elaborate points of interest Dynamic & dynamic

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The Baroque & the Arts "Barroco" = distorted pearl Negative undertone of "Florid" Dynamic, dynamic shapes Extreme complexities Emotion supported over traditional adjust/control

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"The Baroque" – Music Traits c. 1600-1750 Emphasis on expression New surface (soprano versus bass) Basso continuo (instrumental establishment) Voices & Instruments blend Instrumental music now measure up to Old style (Palestrina style) still utilized

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Sources of the early Baroque Style Florentine Camerata – tried to recover the expressive force of Ancient music Greek Drama – included sung content "Monody" – solo voice w/backup Stile rappresentativo – adaptable style of solo singing utilized on the stage Two vocal styles - Recitative (recitativo = "presented") - Aria ( = "tune" or "ayre")

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St. Check's Church (Venice)

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St. Check's (Venice) - nave

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St. Check's (Venice) – choir hang

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St. Check's (Venice) – choir hang Sound Example: Giovanni Gabrieli - Canzon in the seventh tone for 8 sections

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Orfeo (1607) 1 st essential musical show to survive Premiered at Court of Mantua (1607) Libretto – in light of Greek legend of "Orpheus and Euridice" Total showy experience – singing, ensemble, acting, outfits, moving, stagecraft, and so forth

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Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1643) 1 st awesome arranger of the Baroque period Composed both mainstream and holy works Composer of 1 st vital musical show ( Orfeo ) Successor to Giovanni Gabrieli at St. Check's (Venice)

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Monteverdi, Orfeo (YouTube passages) Orfeo - "Toccata" and "Dal mio Permesso" (first solo) (Listening Guide, p. 120) Orfeo - Dance (Act I) Orfeo - Arrival of Messenger into "Tu se' morta" (Act II) (Listening Guide, p. 121)