Medieval Music

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Voices and Instruments blend. Instrumental music now break even with. Old style ... Florentine Camerata looked to recover the expressive force of Ancient music ...

Presentation Transcript

Slide 1

Medieval Music Church is the overwhelming supporter Gregorian serenade - most surviving MSS are monophonic - Gregory, Hildegard Polyphony utilized (once in a while) to enliven serenade - Leonin, Machaut Some mainstream music survives - Troubadours & trouv ères

Slide 2

Renaissance Music Church proceeds as prevailing benefactor Secular rulers and white collar class benefactors Polyphony more normal - perfect is 4 a cappella measure up to voices - impersonation is every now and again utilized - content matters (word painting utilized) Madrigals are imperative common frame Josquin, Palestrina, Weelkes

Slide 3

The Baroque Era New time, starts, c. 1600 (or prior) Northern Italy Highly expressive style (proceeds with components of Renaissance, yet frequently conveyed to extremes) Monumental (huge scale outlines) Very elaborate points of interest Dynamic & dynamic

Slide 4

The Baroque & the Arts "Barroco" = distorted pearl Negative undertone of "Florid" Dynamic, dynamic shapes Extreme complexities Emotion supported over traditional adjust/control

Slide 5

"The Baroque" – Music Traits c. 1600-1750 Emphasis on expression New surface (soprano versus bass) Basso continuo (instrumental establishment) Voices & Instruments blend Instrumental music now measure up to Old style (Palestrina style) still utilized

Slide 6

Sources of the early Baroque Style Florentine Camerata – tried to recover the expressive force of Ancient music Greek Drama – included sung content "Monody" – solo voice w/backup Stile rappresentativo – adaptable style of solo singing utilized on the stage Two vocal styles - Recitative (recitativo = "presented") - Aria ( = "tune" or "ayre")

Slide 7

St. Check's Church (Venice)

Slide 8

St. Check's (Venice) - nave

Slide 9

St. Check's (Venice) – choir hang

Slide 10

St. Check's (Venice) – choir hang Sound Example: Giovanni Gabrieli - Canzon in the seventh tone for 8 sections

Slide 11

Orfeo (1607) 1 st essential musical show to survive Premiered at Court of Mantua (1607) Libretto – in light of Greek legend of "Orpheus and Euridice" Total showy experience – singing, ensemble, acting, outfits, moving, stagecraft, and so forth

Slide 12

Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1643) 1 st awesome arranger of the Baroque period Composed both mainstream and holy works Composer of 1 st vital musical show ( Orfeo ) Successor to Giovanni Gabrieli at St. Check's (Venice)

Slide 13

Monteverdi, Orfeo (YouTube passages) Orfeo - "Toccata" and "Dal mio Permesso" (first solo) (Listening Guide, p. 120) Orfeo - Dance (Act I) Orfeo - Arrival of Messenger into "Tu se' morta" (Act II) (Listening Guide, p. 121)

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