Medieval Europe Intro

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Presentation. By 500 AD, Germanic Invasions had everything except crushed the urban universe of the Roman EmpireTrade DeclinedCities, scaffolds, and streets fell into dilapidation and disuse.Law and Order Vanished, and instruction just about disappearedMoney was no more usedFor most, life did not amplify past the modest towns where they were conceived, lived and diedDark Ages.

Presentation Transcript

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Medieval Europe Intro/Life/Church

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Introduction By 500 AD, Germanic Invasions had everything except wrecked the urban universe of the Roman Empire Trade Declined Cities, scaffolds, and streets fell into deterioration and neglect. Lawfulness Vanished, and instruction nearly vanished Money was no longer utilized For most, life did not stretch out past the modest towns where they were conceived, lived and passed on Dark Ages

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Dark Ages Western Europe was so in reverse due to this decrease the early piece of this period was once call the Dark Ages Medieval-Latin for Middle Age Transition amongst old and present day times Out of this savage medieval period, or Middle Ages, a dynamic human advancement emerged. Consolidated components established and Germanic societies with Christian convictions

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Medieval Life Review Feudalism - very decentralized type of government that created in western Europe. Focused on cooperations of shared security amongst rulers and nobles of different degrees of force. Arrive given to nobles in return for devotion and military guide With the land came workers to ranch it Nobles additionally had controls over land typically saved for governments

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Medieval Church The decrease of Rome drove the congregation to accept numerous political and social undertakings Bishop of Rome, now the Pope, turned into the most grounded political pioneer in W. Europe. The Pope guaranteed profound specialist over all Christians After the fall of Rome… the congregation goes up against the focal expert

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Religious Role Church showed all were heathens Only approach to get beauty was through holy observances Most individuals did not comprehend customs Priest talked in Latin and most couldn't read or compose Much was found out from statues, canvases and recolored glass windows that embellished most holy places

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Church Organization Same as early Christian Church Remember the pecking order? Common Clergy Pope Bishop Priests Regular Clergy-included Monks and Nuns that lived far from whatever is left of society

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Benedict's Rule Founded a cloister at Monte Cassino Became a model for friars in different groups Rules for work, contemplation and supplication

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Monastic Life Monks dressed basically (robes) Rule of quiet Women-known as Nuns

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Influence of Monastics Provided school for youthful Hospitals for wiped out Food for destitute Some got to be evangelists

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Missionary Efforts Pope Gregory I embraced the Benedictine Rule to spread Christianity to all of Europe Mid 1000s AD-Most western Europeans had turned out to be Catholic

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Power of Church Many Bishops and Abbots were nobles who got arrive Local masters started to control many church workplaces and terrains as opposed to chapel convention naming pioneers Signs of debasement

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Church Reform Many passionate Christians called for changes Began in religious communities Goal of changes: Free Church from control of primitive rulers Reforms: Pope would be picked via cardinals Pope would name clerics and different authorities

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Fighting Heresy Pope Innocent III-denounced inebriation, devouring, and moving among pastorate Stop spread of apostasy (dissent of essential church lessons) Convert first/pulverize later

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The Inquisition Court set up to search out and rebuff blasphemers Many blamed without evidence Punishments-jail or demise

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Rise of European Monarchy - After decrease of Rome… no focal specialist existed until the 1100ADs when numerous European rulers started fabricating solid states

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England Alfred the Great joined the Anglo-Saxons kingdoms United kingdom=England William the Conqueror won the honored position Began to reinforce forces of government Magna Carta (Thomas Becket) Placed clear points of confinement of regal power *Government turning out to be progressively illustrative

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Holy Roman Empire Germany's focal government stayed frail Pope and rulers battle for power and region for quite a long time Strengthening ruler undermined church control

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The Crusades Europeans attempted a progression of military campaigns (9) to recover the blessed grounds (Jerusalem) from the Muslims. Why did the Christians consider these terrains sacred? - This was the place Jesus was executed and restored… Why did the Muslims consider these grounds heavenly? - This was the place Muhammad climbed to paradise… In the 600s AD, Jerusalem tumbled to Muslim Arabs. Christians and Jews were permitted to live there calmly… In the 1000s promotion, the Seljuk Turks (Muslims from Asia) assumed control and shut the city to Jewish and Christian pioneers…

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first Crusade November, 1095ad Pope Urban II addresses swarms entreating them to reclaim the blessed grounds "God Wills It!" June, 1099AD - Jerusalem tumbles to the Europeans. Religious fever chills off… But Tensions are ascending amongst Muslims and Christians!!!

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second Crusade Less than 50 years after the fact, The Seljuks recover some portion Of the Palestine states… Pope Eugenius IV requires the second campaign… It falls flat… They were effortlessly crushed… This campaign just kept going from 1147-1149AD .

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third Crusade In 1187AD a compelling pioneer named Saladin joined the Muslim Forces and reclaimed Jerusalem… Europe was frightened! Numerous lords, including King Richard I of England collected warriors for a third campaign (called the "Campaign of Kings" ) After three years of battling King Richard called a ceasefire… Many different campaigns took after… none were effective.

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Results of the Crusades? The consequence of the Crusades is difficult to decide… Land picked up from the Crusades was later reclaimed. - Europe lost numerous men in the Crusades, yet for what? - Did they win anything? Exchange relations New innovation Borrow culture