Matt Atencio Mike Jess Kay Dewar University of Edinburgh

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Actualizing a Complex Continuing Professional Development Agenda in Scottish Physical Education (Part 1) Matt Atencio, Mike Jess, & Kay Dewar University of Edinburgh Complexity Conference Aberdeen University January 2009

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as of late, much expounded on the requirement for change in Physical Education e.g. Penney & Chandler, 2000; Jess & Collins, 2003; Kirk, 2004; Scottish Executive, 2004; Wright 2004 Increasing spotlight on the prevailing Curriculum & Pedagogy PE models Main drivers now incorporate long lasting learning, consideration and "availability" motivation Significant effect on the significance of, and ways to deal with, Professional Learning (CPD) Introduction

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Introduction Scottish setting for change in PE positive since 2000

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BUT Limited and conflicting Primary PE CPD (and auxiliary) in Scotland Some educators have no PE-CPD over their vocation (HMIe, 2001) Traditional 'top-down' 'filling the vacant vessel' 'short course' 'one off' 'off site' approach has a tendency to overwhelm Some powers have PE pros to bolster yet numbers and methodologies shift extensively… ..some have no authorities Recent PE-CPD inquire about recommends proficient learning is an a great deal more unpredictable process Introduction

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What do we mean by multifaceted nature hypothesis in connection to training and, specifically, CPD? How has our comprehension of many-sided quality hypothesis educated the underlying CPD endeavors of the Developmental Physical Education Group (DPEG) at the University of Edinburgh? The Presentation

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From a human conduct viewpoint Complexity hypothesis considers the new procedures by which we understand, and communicate with, a constantly changing world Complex frameworks are not pre-customized but rather made up of parts that collaborate adaptably both inside and with the outside world These unusual connections permit frameworks to adjust and create because of always showing signs of change natural requests 'New examples of exercises and new standards of conduct' rise (Davis and Sumara, 2006, p.5). All things considered, our reality is 'self-sorting out' and 'non-direct' and 'emanant'. Understanding Complexity Theory

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Complexity has suggestions for learning as it (learning)… . Rises up out of the communications between the framework parts, which themselves are moving, dynamic, and assorted. Is a "settled" shared and constructivist try which sees students, instructors, head educators and managers as inseparably connected Does not see learners as 'unfilled vessels' whose brains should be "filled" with set proficiencies . Mirrors a break from oversimplified behaviorist thoughts of cause-impact and straight consistency Complexity Theory & Education

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No expectation to display an enraptured picture of training with multifaceted nature depicted as "great" and behaviorism as 'terrible'. Propose a move in accentuation from more behaviorist thoughts of learning and CPD to originations that are more mind boggling, new, community oriented and comprehensive. Be that as it may,

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The DPEG means to impact the long haul change plan in PE through the improvement, conveyance and assessment of a deep rooted formative physical instruction program Phase 1 (1999-2013) Focus on complex change motivation in 3-14 age go Curriculum Development (AARE, 2008) Pedagogy (AARE, 2008) Professional learning (Aberdeen, 2009)

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The Developmental Physical Education Program

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Since 2001, close by the educational programs and teaching method advancements, DPEG occupied with an inexorably complex CPD extend Phase 1: The Basic Moves Project (2001-2007) Phase 2: Larger Scottish Primary Physical Education Project supported by the Government from 2006-2011. Presentation particularly concentrates on first stage (2001-2007) A progression of non-direct yet interrelated CPD scenes Traditional "top-down" CPD courses Creation of emanant "base up" self-sorting out learning groups. The DPEG CPD Project (2001-2011)

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With numerous arranged and spontaneous exercises, the venture is… "multi-dimensional, non-direct, interconnected… and capricious" (Kuhn, 2008, p.182) Illustrative of a self-sorting out complex framework . As the CPD extend advanced Increasing spotlight on community oriented learning and many-sided quality driven standards Ever-growing and assorted scope of "settled" people, gatherings, foundations and offices. The DPEG CPD Project (2001-2011)

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Two related improvements. Essential Moves Alternative early years physical instruction educational programs (i.e. matured 5-7 years) (Jess, Dewar & Fraser, 2004) Set out to help all kids gain a fundamental development establishment to bolster their current physical action engagement furthermore to platform their future physical action investment. As developed as a believable educational modules and instructional method other option to customary multi-action models, proficient learning of two unmistakable gatherings of 'progress operators' risen Basic Moves (2001-2007)

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The DPEG 'Change Agents' Core DPEG individuals and Basic Moves coaches who, from 2005 onwards, rose as the key change specialists in neighborhood settings. The Basic Moves 'Change Agents' Focus of the DPEG's underlying CPD change attempts Includes undergrad physical training understudies at the University of Edinburgh, class educators, dynamic elementary schools facilitators and essential physical instruction experts, singular schools and groups, nearby powers and key national foundations (see Figure 1). Fundamental Moves (2001-2007)

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National Institutions Local Authorities Schools & Communities Teachers, Specialist Teachers &Active Schools Coordinators Students Children The "Settled" Nature of the DPEG's Complex Professional Learning System

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DPEG-CPD turned out to be progressively perplexing Early CPD/ITE work inside a more limited University and group setting Soon reached out into the more extensive national field. Different self-sorting out, rising, "edge of confusion" and collective cases of how these "settled" change specialists reacted to the arranged and impromptu expert learning encounters Basic Moves (2001-2007)

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The DPEG Group DPEG improvement is integral to its educational modules, instructional method and CPD tries Initial financing empowered formation of a little staffing base to concentrate on Basic Moves and work with ITE understudies Community-based clubs encouraged shared advancement of Basic Moves and DPEG individuals went to postgraduate engine improvement courses Emergence of a self-sorting out, synergistic and arranged learning group Complex Professional Learning and the DPEG

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practically speaking, joint effort gave unsettling "edge of disarray" encounters especially as gathering individuals used to working freely and regularly in a segregated and minimized setting Also, Basic Moves tested their (frequently) customary direct PE teaching method, so unbalanced gatherings resulted as issues faced off regarding Nevertheless, started to build up a mutual vision of EYPE in view of their earlier information, creating information and communitarian encounter craving to attempt future educational programs, teaching method and expert learning function as a long haul change motivation Complex Professional Learning and the DPEG

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Undergraduate ITE Students Difficult to connect with as just accessible understudies selected on the B.Ed. (Hons) in Physical Education Although ready to show PE in essential and auxiliary schools, concentrate especially on the optional school years Basic Moves included yet did not fit effectively with the overwhelming multi-action model and national affirmation grants For most understudies, Basic Moves saw to be a negligible and superfluous piece of their accreditation… .. minimal investment In short term, backed off the advancement procedure Complex Professional Learning and the Basic Moves Change Agents

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Class Teachers, Specialists & Active School Coordinators From 2002, complex CPD issues rose as Basic Moves moved past the University Two unmistakable CPD approaches : Traditional "top-down" national approach & community oriented neighborhood little scale school-based approach "Top-down" advocated given customarily peripheral status of EYPE Basic Moves National Conference in 2003 Pilot courses with Active School facilitators Basic Moves Training Program in March 2004. Extension of Basic Moves Professional Development Structures

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2 day University-based courses moving past "tips for instructors" to test impression of EYPE before offering educational exhortation Overwhelmingly positive assessments from most delegates BUT, hazy precisely what was going on in schools and groups… .. the course show? What's more, the "unfilled vessels", one–off, off-site course conveyance was risky for some accomplished physical movement experts, especially essential physical instruction masters Small number (yet key partners) obviously disappointed. 2 formal 'edge of turmoil's "dispel any confusion air" gatherings required Expansion of Basic Moves Professional Development Structures

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Issues raised like early DPEG gatherings, however best down course did not make setting for issues to be "resolved" Participants felt underestimated, as opposed to participating in full or halfway routes as had happened with the early DPEG members Therefore, national preparing effectively raised profile of EYPE BUT, issues natural in conventional "top-down" approach rose highlighted requirement for expert learning encounters that were more arranged, community oriented and, basically, separated to address the issues of the distinctive gatherings of experts. Extension of Basic Moves Professional Development Structures

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Schools, Communities & Local Authorities Alongside the national preparing program, a more key