Maine Criminal Equity Foundation Alcohol Laws: Prepare the-Coach Occasion June 14-15, 2004

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Long haul wellbeing dangers. Various long haul wellbeing dangers are connected with drinking ... Uplifting news: you may discover youth are more steady of progress than you ...

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Maine Criminal Justice Academy Liquor Laws: Train-the-Trainer Event June 14-15, 2004 Becca Matusovich Prevention Specialist Maine Office of Substance Abuse

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Underage Drinking in Maine Why would it be advisable for us to mind? The extent of the issue Underage access to liquor Parent recognitions Common Myths Enforcement as an anticipation instrument Support for implementation

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Underage Drinking: Why would it be a good idea for us to mind? The Scope of the Problem in Maine

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Alcohol is the main medication of decision among Maine youth Source: 2002 Maine Youth Drug and Alcohol Use Survey

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Not simply law authorization's issue All individuals from Maine's people group ought to be worried about underage and high-chance drinking Health & Safety Risks Academic/instructive effects Secondhand Effects Legal Issues

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Kids who start drinking by age 15 are 4x more prone to create liquor manhandle/reliance than the individuals who hold up until age 21-the hazard drops for consistently that underlying liquor utilize is postponed (40% preceding age 15 to 10% after age 21) With as meager as one drink, liquor weakens ordinary cerebrum work in teenagers more than grown-ups; every scene of overwhelming drinking among teenagers and youthful grown-ups can bring about disabled learning/memory work for up to 2 weeks Why is underage drinking an issue? Note: hotspots for this data are accessible on the "Restorative Impact" page of the Office of Substance Abuse Parent Kit

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Alcohol-related car accidents are the main source of death and inability among youth Alcohol is a central point in the greater part of the other driving reasons for death and harm among youth – homicide, suicide, smolders, drownings, and falls Alcohol utilize has been unequivocally connected to gloom, sexually transmitted sicknesses, and date assault and other criminal conduct (both as culprit and as casualty) Why is underage drinking an issue? Note: hotspots for this data are accessible on the "Therapeutic Impact" page of the Office of Substance Abuse Parent Kit

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Long-term wellbeing dangers various long haul wellbeing dangers are connected with drinking above "direct" levels (new FDA Dietary Guidelines for Americans characterize direct to be close to 1 drink for every day for ladies, 2 drinks for each day for men) Most evident liquor related wellbeing hazard: fixation Several shorter-term impacts of normal substantial drinking (particularly at more youthful ages) are self-strengthening and can drive the consumer toward the trigger point for physical reliance/compulsion: State-subordinate learning Increase in resilience Social reliance (bunch depends on liquor for social working) Psychological reliance (individual depends on liquor for social working)

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Use liquor in social circumstances State-subordinate learning cycle: This is especially significant for young people, who are learning and rehearsing a great deal of new social abilities! Can just get to aptitudes created impaired when impaired Learn/hone social abilities while impaired

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Second-hand Effects: Consider the effect on other youth (the "noiseless larger part") Most youth don't drink at all or drink next to no and rarely, yet the individuals who drink most oftentimes regularly do as such at high hazard levels and it is this minority that causes the greater part of the issues. This minority can some of the time command the social environment and appear to be more obvious than those understudies who are really settling on more beneficial decisions

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Maine Statistics

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Prevalence of behavioral issues (in the previous year) among Maine twelfth graders by drinking class Source: 2000 Maine Youth Drug and Alcohol Use Survey, Office of Substance Abuse (BDS)

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But we as a whole share the weight: Costs of Alcohol-related Crime in Maine In 2000: • There were 473 passings in Maine specifically brought about by or inferable from liquor manhandle, incorporating 46 passings in liquor related auto accidents. These early passings brought about an expected 9,033 years of potential life lost. Around 2,280 captures were made for ambushes (bothered, sexual, and other) that were straightforwardly identified with liquor mishandle – around 30% of the aggregate strikes for that year. Liquor related wrongdoing in Maine is assessed to have taken a toll an aggregate of $49.1 million (implementation, legal, revisions, property pulverization, and casualties' lost efficiency costs). Source: OSA, The Economic Costs of Alcohol and Drug Abuse in Maine, 2000

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There are bunches of… spots times circumstances … where/when it is unlawful improper unfortunate hazardous It doesn't should be just about the enchantment age of 21… for individuals to drink (or to drink excessively) regardless of the possibility that they are over age 21… Be clear about the objective: to lessen and forestall issues

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We have to build view of "individual" hazard, not simply "general" hazard Otherwise our hush bolsters their conviction that it's not by any stretch of the imagination all that unsafe and that we are simply attempting to keep them from having some good times The law exists for a reason It's not just about the feature tragedies

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Underage Access to Alcohol in Maine

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Underage Access to Alcohol

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DEEP Survey of OUI wrongdoers under age 21 (2000) 90% of respondents were somewhere around 18 and 20 (33% were understudies) 62% said it is "simple" and 24% said it is "kind of simple" to get liquor Key point: Ease of get to exhibited a factually huge association with both successive and overwhelming drinking

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On your latest drinking event, how could you have been able to you get the liquor (check all that apply)? Source: DEEP Access to Alcohol Survey, 2000

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Source: DEEP Access to Alcohol Survey, 2000

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Context on latest drinking event Source: DEEP Access to Alcohol Survey, 2000

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It is conceivable to diminish outfitting with vital requirement and instruction Evaluation comes about because of 4 HEAPP grounds activities (2001-2003) which included decreased outfitting as a goal of the give exercises At the 4 schools included, 2003 understudies were: 33.4% more inclined to say it was exceedingly likely that they would confront lawful or potentially disciplinary outcomes for giving liquor to minor 32.3% more averse to say they had given liquor to somebody under age 21 in the previous 2 weeks Source: OSA, Evaluation of Maine's Higher Education Alcohol Prevention Project (HEAPP): Summary of pre-test (2001) and post-test (2003) Core Survey information

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Other Resources Sticker Shock Campaign For stickers and blurbs to circulate to nearby licensees, call OSA IRC at 1-800-499-0027

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Parent Perceptions

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OSA Parent Media Campaign: began January 2003, as yet going… Goal: Reduce liquor use by Maine youngsters by expanding the utilization of compelling child rearing procedures Target: Parents of 8-12 th graders, particularly the individuals who comprehend the essentials of successful child rearing, however may not actualize those methodologies reliably with regards to averting liquor utilize

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The exploration demonstrates that Maine guardians… are extremely worried about underage drinking – liquor was by a long shot their #1 worry out of all substances limitlessly belittle the probability that their own particular child is drinking incomprehensibly overestimate the probability that they would get their child on the off chance that he/she was drinking overestimate how legitimate their children are being with them about their liquor decisions esteem the open and trusting relationship they have with their children and think that its hard to challenge their children in view of suspicions

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Do you truly know?

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What does this mean for requirement? A basic chance to break a hazardous example… An infringement might be a reminder for both a youngster and their folks – now and again it might be the main shot they get the chance to open their eyes before it is past the point of no return Most guardians will value being educated and having the chance to mediate before their tyke is too far along in their utilization (despite the fact that they may not express it)

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Other assets for working with guardians www.maineparents.net Order Parent Kits and different materials from OSA IRC (1-800-499-0027) Power Point Presentation for Parents is accessible (on CD-Rom, or email rebecca.matusovich@maine.gov)

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Common Myths

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Reality: It works, regardless of conflicting requirement Many studies have found that drinking among 18-20 year olds expanded with the brought down drinking age and diminished when the drinking age was raised to 21. The most recent audit of all the exploration accessible finishes up: "The prevalence of the confirmation proposes that higher legitimate drinking ages lessen liquor utilization" The dominant part of studies on the relationship between the drinking age and car accidents found that car accidents expanded fundamentally with the brought down drinking age and diminished essentially when the drinking age was raised to 21. Myth: The base legitimate drinking age doesn't work Source: Wagenaar A. what's more, Toomey, T. Impacts of the Minimum Drinking Age Laws: Review and Analyses of the Literature from 1960 to 2000. Diary of Studies on Alcohol (Supplement No. 14): 2002.

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Reality: Recent research demonstrates that in a larger part of European nations, a more noteworthy rate of 15-16 year olds report toasting overabundance (5+ drinks consecutively) than U.S. 15-16 year olds About portion of the European nations have inebriation rates among 15-16 yr olds that are more prominent than in the U.S. (1/4 are about the same, and1/4 are lower) Some European nations are investigating some of our methodologies, including higher least drinking ages, for diminishing high-chance drinking Many elements impact drinking designs and related issues crosswise over Europe and the U.S., including government strategies, assess rates, retail accessibility, religious/social qualities, publicizing directions, driving standards, and social worthiness of inebriation. Myth: the

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