Lesson Five

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Lesson Five Love is a Fallacy - by Max Shulman

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Aims To have an essential information of the terms in rationale. To value the silliness in the story. To break down the structure of the story To welcome the dialect

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Teaching Contents Special terms in rationale Detailed investigation of the content Organizational example The central fascination of the story Language highlights Exercises

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Time portion Terms in rationale (15 min.) Detailed investigation of the content (110 min.) Structure examination (15 min.) Language thankfulness (15 min.) Exercise (25 min.)

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Lesson Five I. Uncommon terms in rationale contention - an announcement which is offered as a confirmation or a proof. It comprises of two noteworthy components 1. conclusion 2. premises - a past articulation serving as a reason for a contention. Conclusion is to be drawn from premises.

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Special terms in rationale paradox - false thinking, as in a contention a shortcoming and absence of rationale or great sense in a contention or bit of thinking

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error Usually, a contention is right (deductively legitimate) if the premises can give enough convincing proof to the conclusion. Generally the contention isn't right. It is said to be misleading.

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Special terms in rationale Three sorts of paradox: 1. material false notion - in its material substance through a misquote of the actualities. 2. verbal deception - in its wording through an off base utilization of terms. 3. formal paradox in its structure using a dishonorable procedure of deduction.

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False Analogy "High school ought not require a rookie composing course . Harvard doesn't require a green bean composing course, and the understudies get along fine without it". - The relationship is false on the grounds that the two things don't have sufficiently solid similitudes to foresee that what happens in one will happen in the other.

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Dicta Simpliciter "Everyone needs to get hitched someday." - The illustration begins a sensible line of reasoning with a supposition that is false. Not "everyone" needs to get hitched.

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Evading the issue There are various convenient false notions that individuals press into administration to avoid an issue while seeming to seek after the point. ( 文不对题 )

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1 ) Distraction "Suds " n " Puds is an extraordinary eatery : you can perceive how sparkling clean the kitchens are ". - The illustration is called diversion in light of the fact that the peruser's consideration is attracted to the cleanliness of the kitchen rather than to the magnificence of the nourishment, which is normally the determiner of an extraordinary eatery.

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2 ) Ad hominem "against the person". "poisoning the well" " Ms Bauer is an appalling English instructor. She generally wears blue jeans" - Instead of bring up flaws in showing system, it points out things about an instructor as a man that are inconsequential to her educating execution.

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3 ) Ad misericordian (a speak to feel sorry for) "Look at this fourteen-year-old youngster who's fled from home to shroud her disgrace - pregnant, unwashed, forlorn. poor, helpless before our social administration organizations. Would you be able to till claim that sex ought to be educated in the classroom?"

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3 ) Ad misericordian (a speak to feel sorry for) - In this tricky way to deal with argumentation, the essayist gives tragic depictions of the pitiless rivals' casualties keeping in mind the end goal to stir sensitivity from the peruser.

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Hasty Generalization "Mr Wang's penmanship is shocking. Mr. Hu's penmanship is additionally appalling and you know how horrible men's penmanship is ." - It applies a unique case to general run the show. That reality that specific individual's penmanship is terrible doesn't suggest that all men's penmanship is awful.

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Post hoc, consequently propter hoc – "After this, along these lines in light of this" "The last five times that I've worn my white jeans, something discouraging has happened. I'm not going to wear those jeans again!" - This error accept that if occasion Y happened after occasion X, then X must be the reason for Y.

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Circular Reasoning or Begging the question: "Juan is a great speaker since he generally touches his audience members deeply."

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Circular Reasoning - This issue happens when the author tries to bolster a claim by restating it in various words. You can tell this case is round by considering this "Why is Juan a great speaker?" "Since he touches his audience members profoundly.?" "Why are Juan's audience members touched so profoundly?" "In light of the fact that he is a noteworthy speaker." amazing = touching somebody profoundly

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reel back - step away abruptly and insecurely, as after a blow or stun When she hit him, he reeled back and practically fell.

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overcome - be overpowered If you are overcome by an inclination, you feel it firmly I was overcome by a feeling of disappointment. He was overcome with bewilderment.

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notoriety – fiendish conduct, open disrespect, being despicable/shameful notorious – surely understood for mischievous, detestable conduct. notorious activity, evil, dishonorable, disreputable

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rodent - similitude (Am. sl.) utilized for depicting a slippery, awful individual.

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tweak – modify, shift the pitch, force of the voice Some individuals can balance their voices as indicated by the measure of the room in which they talk.

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jitterbug - 1. a brisk dynamic famous move of the 1940's 2. a man who did this kind of move Am. sl. a man who is extremely anxious nerves - n. jumpy - adj. apprehensive, flimsy

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Frankenstein The youthful understudy in Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (1797- - 1851) sentiment of that name (1818), an exemplary frightfulness story. Frankenstein made a heartless beast out of bodies from chapel yards and dismembering rooms and endued (赋予) it with life by galvanism. (流电疗法) The story demonstrates the animal ached for sensitivity, however was disregarded ( 躲避 ) by everybody and turned into the instrument of terrifying requital (惩罚) on the understudy who usurped the privilege (特权) of the maker http://frankenstein.monstrous.com/

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The fundamental thought of this lesson: It is about a law understudy who tries to wed the young lady after reasonable re-training, yet he's been excessively shrewd for his own particular great. The storyteller, Dobie Gillis, a rookie in a graduate school, is the hero

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Protagonist: a graduate school understudy exceptionally youthful cunning over-arrogant - cool, consistent, sharp, computing, perspicacious, intense, shrewd, effective, exact, entering

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Antagonists 1. Petey Burch - sad, dump, flat mate, faddist 2. Polly Espy - excellent, benevolent, imbecilic

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III. Authoritative Pattern 4 segments Sect. I para 1-3 It is the creator's note. 1. The creator's thought regarding this story. 2. The creator's thought regarding the reason for this story.

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III. Hierarchical Pattern Sect II para. 4 - 59 the deal between the law understudy and his flat mate over the trading of the young lady,

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III. Hierarchical Pattern sub-divisions: 1) p4 presentation of the storyteller - hero 2) p5-21 presentation of the main opponent - Petey Burch He downsize his flat mate, who has nothing upstairs. 3) p22 - 27 presentation of he second adversary - Polly Espy

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III. Authoritative Pattern 4) p 28- - 40 sounding out/discovering the relationship amongst Petey and Polly. 5) p.40 - 59 deceptive exchange over Polly The understudy gives the raccoon coat the flat mate needs, and his flat mate gives his young lady companion consequently. They have a sort of arrangement.

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III. Hierarchical Pattern Sect III. para 60 - 124 the educating of 8 sensible paradoxes 10 sub-divisions: 1. p60 - 61 an overview, first date with the young lady, early introduction of the young lady. He tries to discover how moronic she is.

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III. Hierarchical Pattern 2. p62 - 74 the educating of Dicto Simpliciter 3. P75 - 79 the instructing of Hasty Generalization 4. p80- - 85 Post Hoc 5. p86 - 96 Contradictory Premises 6. p97- - 98 mediation, He needs to give the young lady back.

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III. Hierarchical Pattern 7. p99 - 104 Ad Misericordiam 8. p105- - 108 False Analogy 9. p109- - 114 Hypothesis Contrary to Fact 10.p 115- - 124 Poisoning the Well

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III. Hierarchical Pattern Sect.IV. para125– the closure of the story reverse discharges of the considerable number of contentions The young lady takes in her lessons too well. She utilizes all the sensible false notions to battle back her educator.

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Pay regard for the change of his feelings: 1. favoring her with a grin 2. laughed with entertainment 3. laughed with to some degree less beguilement 4. constraining a grin/ground my teeth 5. croaked, dashed sweat from my forehead 6. roaring like a bull

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IV. The central fascination of this lesson It's diversion The entire story is a bit of light, entertaining parody, mocking an egotistical, self-prideful first year recruit in a graduate school.

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IV. the central fascination of this lesson Why : 1) the title The title is hilarious. The author needs the perusers to presume that "love" is a blunder, a double dealing and a feeling that does not take after the standards of rationale.

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IV. the central fascination of this lesson 2) the writer's note "spongy", "limp", "flaccid" are particular attributes of his article. He is clowning, which demonstrates that the entire story is funny. 3) the complexity - the law understudy & the young lady & Petey bragging himself - downsizing the others the understudy - the young lady

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IV. the central fascination of this lesson 4) the consummation of the story the raccoon coat which the law understudy disdains and offer it to his flat mate for the trading of his young lady companion has at long last turned into the rootcause of his losing his young lady companion. 5) the smart decision of the