Learning Theories and Interprofessional Education: An Overview

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Learning Theories and Interprofessional Education: An Overview ESRC Seminar Series: 26 th June 2009

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Background Research confirm supporting the drive for IPL is as yet developing (Payler et al., 2007; Thistlewaite, 2008) Descriptive, episodic & atheoretical? (Freeth et al., 2002; Barr et al., 2005; Clarke, 2006) Few intercessions distinguish the instructive hypothesis supporting the improvement & conveyance of IPE activities (Cooper et al., 2001; Freeth et al., 2002; Barr et al., 2005) Kolb's (1984) experiential learning cycle, grown-up learning hypothesis & mental speculations of gathering practices and cooperation approaches (Cooper et al., 2001; Barr et al., 2005) and learning associations (Freeth et al., 2002) Theory expected to control IPE educational programs advancement (Eraut, 2003; Clark, 2006)

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Families of Learning Theory Behaviorism Constructivism -intellectual -social Use in IPE?

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Behaviorists consider that: Learning results are imperative instead of the procedures supporting this adapting; All conduct is found out and all learning includes a discernible change in conduct; Adopt a positivist approach; Students' own movement in accomplishing results is critical to learning. (Jarvis et al., 2003; Armitage et al., 2003)

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Behaviorism in IPE educational modules engineers make a result based educational modules; Interprofessional capabilities (Arredondo et al., 2004; Norris et al., 2005) -learning results surveyed and assessed No unmistakable reference to IPE skills in educational programs plan IPE assessments Kirkpatrick's (1967) demonstrate

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Modified Kirkpatrick's Model of Educational Outcomes for IPE (Barr et al., 2000; Freeth et al, 2002; Hammick et al., 2007)

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Cognitive Constructivism Concerned with the procedure of how learners learn; Adult learning-self coordinated Learning is inside the learner's control (Spencer and Jordan, 1999; Kaufman, 2003; Wood, 2003) Application and utilization of formative speculations (Paiget, 1973)

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Clark (2006) connected Perry's (1970) hypothesis: Accepting of the scope of correlative callings required to give all encompassing consideration; Students perceive the nearness and nature of different callings. By means of IPE understudies are offered a chance to extend convictions past claim calling Ultimate Goal

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IPE Curriculum Developer's Role: Consider approaches to build up understudies' information by actuating and expanding on existing information bases-transformative learning Consider key suspicions basic the constructivist birthplaces of grown-up learning hypothesis (ALT) or androgogy (Knowles, 1990; Kaufman, 2003) ALT-key component for generally welcomed IPE (Hammick et al., 2007)

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Teaching strategies used to encourage grown-up learning: Self-coordinated learning (Kaufman, 2003) Problem based learning (Newble, 2002; Wood, 2003); Discovery learning (Spencer and Jordan, 1999; O'Halloran et al., 2006); Case based learning; Portfolio based learning; Project based learning; Peer assessment; Use of learning contracts (Kolb, 1984; Brown and Atkins, 1988; Spencer and Jordan, 1999). Utilize intelligent specialist hypothesis (Schon, 1984; Goosey and Barr, 2002) and experiential learning (Moon, 2004; Roberts et al., 2000) .

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Social Constructivism – Vygotsky (1978; 1986) D'Eon (2005): Use of IPE undertakings could turn out to be logically more intricate from, for instance basic paper case-based situations with two orders to extremely complex cases, in actuality, settings with numerous controls Learning-intervened by means of socio-social instruments e.g. dialect Support frameworks

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Social constructivism & full scale level considering: Used to illuminate assessments of IPE (see, for instance Robinson and Cottrell, 2005; Payler et al., 2007); Why has it not been utilized to advise IPE educational modules advancement? - HE educational modules engineers concentrate on small scale level of learning (Hean, Craddock and O'Halloran, 2009) -Critics of action hypothesis (Fuller et al., 2005; Payler et al., 2007) Communities of practice (Wenger, 1998) Activity frameworks (Engestrom, 1999; 2004). Sweeping learning –to make new information & hone

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Summary Insufficient thorough research recognizing the hypothetical supporting of IPE activities; Implications of sitting above IPE guessing; Benefits of IPE estimating Catholic way to deal with an entire scope of hypothetical teachings is required (Meads et al, 2003) .

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Time for Reflection How can learning hypothesis be utilized to advise your own particular work? By what means would you be able to assess its utilization by and by? In what manner would we be able to cooperate to propel learning in this field?

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Our diagram of contemporary learning speculations utilized as a part of IPE: MICRO Behaviorism interprofessional skills An ADULT LEARNING Self coordinated, experiential, issue based, disclosure interprofessional, community B-1-1 CONSTRUCTIVISM B MACRO Cognitive Developmental/organize hypothesis Self coordinated, experiential, issue based, revelation B-1 Social clash hypothesis Socio-social learning Situated learning Collaborative learning Interprofessional learning B2 Expansive learning B3 (Hean, Craddock and O'Halloran, 2009)