Ladies and Green Occupations

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Circuit repairmen - $48,100. Union versus Non-union Wages. Average development exchanges union ... Circuit testers 1.7% Insulation specialists 1.9% Sheet metal laborers ...

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Ladies and Green Jobs Susan Rees Wider Opportunities for Women April 1, 2009

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What Are Green Jobs? "Green" identifies with an occupation's motivation Jobs that ration vitality, extend renewable vitality sources, moderate or enhance the earth 40% of vitality is utilized to warmth and cool structures 40% of green employments expected in making structures vitality effective Therefore, numerous green occupations will be in development – like conventional development worker and talented exchanges. Building retrofit, HVAC Infrastructure advancement, e.g. "brilliant matrix," mass travel And assembling – wind turbines, sunlight based boards, auto batteries

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Skills Required for Green Jobs Traditional development aptitudes with included specialized angles And considering "green," comprehension frameworks Community school course for business HVAC-refrigeration 2-year, 53 units How structures work – building dispatching Energy utilize slant investigation and diagnostics Control framework programming Communication and presentation abilities Basic aptitudes, including trigonometry and geometry

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Green: A Road to Better Jobs for Women? Development and other green employments likely will pay more than those generally held by ladies. 2/3 of all working ladies are grouped in just 21 of 500 occupation classes (Women Work, utilizing BLS information) Except for medical caretakers and teachers, these classifications incorporate a portion of the least paying ventures Retail Personal administrations Food foundations

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The Boost From Construction Wages Single mother with one preschooler needs $24,139 to make a decent living, WOW's national middle Self-Sufficiency Standard in 2007. 60% of such ladies had wage beneath the national middle. 2007 BLS normal yearly development compensations: Laborers - $30,950 HVAC - Refrigeration, Mechanics and Installers - $40,630 Insulation specialists - $41,480 Plumbers, Pipefitters, Steamfitters - $48, 442 Electricians - $48,100

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Union versus Non-union Wages Typical development exchanges union part - $993/week, $51,636/year Non-union - $624/week, $32,448/year Government affirmed apprenticeships in the exchanges are street to higher paying, long haul vocations in development, BUT Only 11.5 % of development employments are union occupations. (Source: Economic Policy Institute)

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How Many Stimulus Jobs Will Be Green? Occupations made by Recovery Act Spending EPI gauges $200 billion in development putting in more than 2 years will make 770,000 employments in: Transportation foundation School retrofit Electric power lattice Home Weatherization Assistance Program GSA government building retrofit Public and reasonable lodging

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How Many Green Jobs for Women? Very few, if current workforce arrangement is any guide Women in development generally (non-office) - 2.6% Construction workers – 2.7% HVAC, Refrigeration – 0.9% Plumbers, pipefitters, steamfitters – 1.5% Electricians – 1.7% Insulation laborers – 1.9% Sheet metal specialists – 3.7% Manufacturing: Machinists – 5.2%

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Training reserves in Recovery and Reinvestment Act $1.2 billion - disjoined specialist administrations $750 million - aggressive allows in high-development divisions, including green and broadband extension $500 million - WIA grown-up program All the above include: Targeting to low-salary populaces Supportive administrations Needs-based money installments $1 billion Weatherization Assistance Program preparing $20 million DOT at work preparing and strong administrations

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Adult Education in ARRA WIA assets might be utilized to contract with junior colleges. Supports in the State Fiscal Assistance Fund for training might be coordinated to programs financed under the Perkins Career and Technical Assistance program. Most extreme Pell stipends are expanded by $500 to a greatest of $4,860. New American Opportunity Tax Credit replaces and extends the Hope Scholarship to $2,500 and makes it refundable beneath $90,000 pay ($180,000 joint returns).

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How to Ensure Women Get Green Jobs Comprehensive approach, including Hiring objectives or inclinations Enforcement of nondiscrimination and equivalent open door laws Pre-apprenticeship programs that include: Local work showcase investigation Specialized effort Orientation to development handle Support administrations and stipends, including kid care and transportation to occupation destinations Programs tending to lewd behavior Apprenticeship positions including unions and bosses

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At the Federal Level Improve WANTO (Women in Apprenticeship and Nontraditional Occupations) ordered in 1992 Shown to expand ladies' work in higher-paying occupations by 47% (Mastracci) Pre-apprenticeship preparing and bolster administrations, incorporating effort and coordination with work administration committees Authorized at $1 million – frequently financed at less. Managed by Women's Bureau 20 programs have shut because of absence of subsidizing.

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DOL's Green Jobs Training Act Green Jobs Training Act of 2007 Pathways Out of Poverty focused show gifts Targets people with salary under 200% of the Self-Sufficiency Standard Should consider ladies' needs in program execution. DOL ought to incorporate WANTO-sort pre-apprenticeship programs as philanthropic accomplices to get gifts. Information accumulation requires sex, race, age and child rearing status, work position and normal wage at arrangement, including benefits.

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DOT - Federal Highway Administration Office of Civil Rights' On-the-Job-Training and Supportive Services Competitive awards to state roadway divisions. Reason: increment work of "minorities, ladies and impeded people" in transportation occupations. Incorporates enrollment, aptitudes preparing, work arrangement, kid mind, outreach, transportation to work locales, pre-business appraisal, intervention and advising. "Pipeline" projects may incorporate transportation-related entry level positions, helpful training, post-optional bolster exercises.

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Federal Nondiscrimination Enforcement DOL ought to fortify equivalent open door checking by the Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs in DOL. Staffing has been cut by roughly 25% since 2001. Reestablish the Equal Opportunity Survey obliging temporary workers to submit data by and large remuneration of representatives by sexual orientation and race. Overhaul procuring objectives for ladies (6.9%) and minorities that stay in light of 1970 Census information. Extend utilization of the 2000 MOU amongst OFCCP and the GSA to together advance temporary worker enlisting objectives on chose uber ventures esteemed over $50 million.

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At the State and Local Level Legislation/controls ought to offer inclination to contractual workers who – Maximize the enlisting of impeded gatherings, including "people for whom development is nontraditional business," and Provide wellbeing and retirement benefits. Oblige offices to arrange contracting with nearby group associations, employing focuses, religious, work and charitable associations. Require contracting information on Recovery Web locales, including to the degree conceivable sex, race, ethnicity, age and past wage.

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State and Local Level (cont'd) Enact "extend work assentions" that incorporate enlisting objectives. These are arranged intentional assentions including, work, proprietors and contractual worker associations for vast ventures. Incorporate ladies' and group voices at the table. Screen finance information. Build up state pre-apprenticeship enlistment, preparing and position programs. E.g. NYC obtainment strategies require students on openly subsidized tasks for the schools, Port and Housing Authorities. The city's Labor-supported pre-apprenticeship program ensures situation in these guaranteed apprenticeships.

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Washington Area Women in the Trades (WAWIT) Camille Cormier Wider Opportunities for Women April 1, 2009

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WAWIT Partners and Major Roles Wider Opportunities for Women : case administration, non-union employment and apprenticeship arrangement, frameworks promotion; YWCA of the National Capital Area : primary preparing webpage, educational modules/general program improvement and execution; Community Services Agency of the Metropolitan Washington Council, AFL-CIO : hands-on and 120-hour Core Construction preparing, union occupation and apprenticeship position, frameworks backing.

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WAWIT is: 6 weeks of pre-apprenticeship preparing with up to year and a half of case administration/work position bolster for graduates. Preparing that gets ready low-salary DC zone ladies for development and utility professions paying independent wages .

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WAWIT Program Components Industry-Recognized Certificates : Core Construction - preparing/accreditation utilizing AFL-CIO's educational modules – themes: Construction Math, Blueprint Reading, Industry Orientation/Awareness, Labor History/Contemporary Issues, Tools/Materials First Aid – CPR OSHA 10 Safety Hands-on Skills Training : 40 hours at a DC region Union Apprenticeship Training Center

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WAWIT Program Components (cont) Fitness – 3 to 5 hours of weight preparing every week, accentuation on abdominal area fortifying Gender Issues in Construction Green Jobs Overview Job Readiness Basic Computer Skills/Research - a-Trade Counseling/Case Management (up to year and a half) Individual Job Placement (up to year and a half) Technical Reading Comprehension Supporting Our Sisters: Monthly care groups

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WANTO Program (a venture of WAWIT) Women into Apprenticeship and Nontraditional Occupations Project Goals: Prepare 200 ladies over a 2-year time frame to enter lucrative development Registered Apprenticeship Programs (RAPs) in the Washington DC zone; Update and spread of Workplace Solutions site ( ), an online asset for bosses and unions on ladies in nontraditional occupations; Institutionalization of 3 to 5 new approaches/programs in suitable RAPs—particularly in the range of enlistment a