Keeping up scholastic uprightness in online courses

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Keeping up scholastic trustworthiness in online courses Clint Brooks, M.Ed. NorthWest Arkansas Community College

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Academic Dishonesty and Academic Integrity

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"… acts which may subvert or trade off the honesty of the instructive procedure" (NWACC, 2006, 154) What is Academic Dishonesty?

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Includes: "Replicating from another understudy's paper amid an examination." "Unoriginality" "Substituting for someone else … to take an examination" (NWACC, 2006, 154) What is Academic Dishonesty?

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"… two out of three understudies confessed to having occupied with no less than one of 14 sketchy scholastic practices" (McCabe & Trevino, 1996) Why is Academic Integrity so critical?

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"70 percent of understudies at the schools confessed to (test tricking)" (McCabe & Trevino, 1996) Why is Academic Integrity so critical?

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Institutional honesty Ethical uprightness of understudies Professional respectability of orders Why is Academic Integrity so essential?

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"… both understudies and staff trust it is less demanding to cheat in a separation learning class, … " (Kennedy, et. al.; 2000) Academic Integrity and Distance Learning

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40% confess to helping different understudies with online exams. Just 13.7% confess to helping different understudies amid address exams. (Lanier, 2006, 253) Academic Integrity and Distance Learning

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Approaches to Addressing Academic Dishonesty

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"When examinations are utilized … they occur in conditions that incorporate firm understudy recognizable proof." (CIHE, 13) CIHE (Commission on Institutions of Higher Education) DL Best Practices

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"The organization generally looks to guarantee the honesty of understudy work." (CIHE, 13) CIHE (Commission on Institutions of Higher Education) DL Best Practices

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Faculty Reporting "Evaluating Sanctions" "Caution or Probation" "Suspension or Expulsion" (NWACC, 2006, 155) Institutional Approaches to Academic Dishonesty

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Fear of hurting understudies' professions "impression of confused disciplinary procedures," "standing up to and reporting understudy bamboozling" "These components may lead workforce to disregard or avoid understudy swindling," (Bertram Gallant and Drinan, 2006, p. 845) Do no damage

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Proctoring Picture distinguishing proof Signed affirmation Time restrains These strategies are not negative, all by themselves Control, Identify, Monitor

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Honor Codes Student and Faculty Responsibilities 10 Principles of Academic Integrity for Faculty (McCabe & Pavela, 2004, 12-14) Prevention and Student Ethical Responsibility

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Recognize and insist scholastic trustworthiness as a center institutional esteem. Cultivate a deep rooted responsibility to learning. Confirm the part of instructor as guide and tutor. 10 Principles of Academic Integrity for Faculty (McCabe & Pavela)

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Help understudies comprehend the capability of the Internet- - and how that potential can be lost if online assets are utilized for misrepresentation, robbery, and misdirection. 10 Principles of Academic Integrity for Faculty (McCabe & Pavela)

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Encourage understudy obligation regarding scholastic uprightness. Elucidate desires for understudies. Grow reasonable and innovative types of appraisal. 10 Principles of Academic Integrity for Faculty (McCabe & Pavela)

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Reduce chances to take part in scholarly deceptive nature. React to scholarly unscrupulousness when it happens. Define and bolster grounds wide scholarly uprightness norms. 10 Principles of Academic Integrity for Faculty (McCabe & Pavela)

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Practical Approaches to a Prevention-Based Approach

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Identifiable through pursuits Identifiable by means of style and consistency Writing

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"Numerous sites give composed papers including http://www.schoolsucks.com and http://www.cheathouse.com." (Lanier, 2006, 247) "AllFreeEssays.com … Asian Grade … School Sucks … TermPaperGenie… " (Weisbard, 2007) Writing – The Challenge

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most colleges will have sizable measures of literary theft happening in their subjects utilizing electronic intends to download content from the web. (O'Connor, 2003) Writing – Identifying through Searching

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It is associated this is the tip with the icy mass in that any duplicating from reading material is, as of now, not able to be identified (O'Connor, 2003) Writing – Identifying by means of Searching

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Services Turnitin.com Controversies Presumption of blame Copyright of understudy papers Writing – Identifying by means of Searching

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Other inquiry alternatives: Google Yahoo Ebscohost Writing – Identifying by means of Searching

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" Inconsistent composition style " "Utilization of dialect" "Datedness" "Reiteration" (University of Tasmania, 2006) Writing – Identifying by means of Style and Consistency

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Use understudies standard written work as a benchmark for their formal composition Have understudies compose as frequently as is commonsense and reasonable Writing – Identifying by means of Style and Consistency

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Web-based activities Multimedia ventures Mailed tasks Experiential undertakings Project-based Assessment

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"With venture based appraisal, the perils … are decreased the all the more independently the venture is custom-made to the assets utilized as a part of the course, the understudy's individual advantages, and the utilization of discontinuous 'checkpoints'" (Abbott, et. al., 2000) Project-based Assessment

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"These techniques constitute effective method for creating non specific aptitudes required by bosses, for example, oral and composed relational abilities, bunch administration and the capacity to assess composed and oral presentations basically." (Hargreaves, 1997) Collaborative Assessment

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Time Attempts Randomization Proctoring (counting off-website delegating: NCTA – National College Testing Association - http://www.ncta-testing.org/cctc/) Online Testing Conditions

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Vary appraisal strategies Gear evaluations to topic and train Individualize appraisals Other

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How does Blackboard CE (WebCT) Help Maintain Academic Integrity?

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Assignments Blackboard CE (4.1)

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Assignments Clarifies desires Opportunity for composed or venture based appraisal Opportunity for experiential evaluation Blackboard CE (4.1)

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Discussions Blackboard CE (4.1)

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Discussions Opportunity for general understudy composing Teacher as guide and tutor Collaborative environment Blackboard CE (4.1)

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E-Mail Blackboard CE (4.1)

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E-Mail Opportunity for consistent understudy composing Teacher as guide and coach Individualized connection Blackboard CE (4.1)

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Quiz Tool Blackboard CE (4.1)

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Quiz Tool Time Limits Selective Release Multiple Attempts Randomization Security Blackboard CE (4.1)

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Presentations/Web pages Blackboard CE (4.1)

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Presentations/Web pages Opportunity for innovative evaluation Opportunity for communitarian appraisal Opportunity for experiential appraisal Opportunity for venture based evaluation Blackboard CE (4.1)

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Conclusion and Questions

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Abbott, Lynda, Siskovic, Holly, Nogues, Val, and Williams, Joanne G. "Learner Assessment in Multimedia Instruction: Considerations for the Instructional Designer." 2000. < http://teachnet.edb.utexas.edu/~lynda_abbott/SITEentry3223.html>. Betram Gallant, Tricia, and Drinan, Patrick. "Hierarchical Theory and Student Cheating : Explanation, Responses, and Strategies." Journal of Higher Education. Vol. 77 Issue 5 (Sep/Oct 2006): 839-860 References

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CIHE (Commission on Institutions of Higher Education). Best Practices for Electronically Offered Degree and Certificate Programs . 13 Grijalva, Therese C., Nowell, Clifford, and Kerkvliet, Joe. "Scholarly Honesty and Online Courses." College Student Journal . Vol. 40 Issue 1 (Mar 2006): 180-185 Hargreaves, D.J. "Understudy learning and appraisal are inseparably connected." European Journal of Engineering Education ; Vol. 22 Issue 4 (Dec 1997): p401, 9p References

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Kennedy, Kristen, Nowak, Sheri, Raghuraman, Renuka, Thomas, Jennifer, and Davis, Stephen F. "Scholarly DISHONESTY AND DISTANCE LEARNING : STUDENT AND FACULTY VIEWS." College Student Journal . Vol. 34 Issue 2 (June 2000): 309, 6p Lanier, Mark M. " Academic Integrity and Distance Learning*." Journal of Criminal Justice Education ; Vol. 17 Issue 2, (Sep 2006): 244-261 References

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McCabe, Donald L., Trevino Linda Klebe. "What we think about bamboozling in school." Change ; Vol. 28 Issue 1 (Jan/Feb 1996): 28. McCabe, Donald L., Trevino Linda Klebe. " Ten [Updated] Principles of Academic Integrity : How Faculty Can Foster Student Honesty." Change ; Vol. 36 Issue 3 (May/June 2004): 12-14. NorthWest Arkansas Community College. "Scholastic Dishonesty." NorthWest Arkansas Community College Catalog ; 2006. 154-155 References

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O'Connor, Steve. "Duping and electronic literary theft – degree, results and identification." CAVAL Staff Publications . 2003. CAVAL. May 2003. <http://www.caval.edu.au/about/staffpub/docs/Cheating%20and%20electronic%20plagiarism%20-%20scope,%20consequences%20and%20detection%20EDUCASUE%20May%202003.doc>. References

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University of Tasmania. "Instructions to distinguish scholastic unscrupulousness." University of Tasmania Teaching and Learning Website . 2006. College of Tasmania. May, 10, 2006. Weisbard, Phyllis Holman. "Understudy CHEATING, PLAGIARISM (AND OTHER QUESTIONABLE PRACTICES), THE INTERNET, AND OTHER ELECTRONIC RESOURCES." Women's Studies Librarian's Website - University of Wisconsin System . 2007. UW System Women's Studies Librarian. <http://www.library.wisc

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