Islamic Principles in the Management of an Organization: A ...

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Islamic Principles in the Management of an Organization: A Focus on Leading Presented by Dr. Muhammad A. Al-Buraey Director Center for Economics & Management Systems Research Institute King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals

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Leadership Overview What is Leadership Western Models of Leadership Current Trends in Leadership Power and Leadership Islamic Perspective of Leadership Traits Reference from Surat A Naml (27) Characteristics for Effective Leadership Posner and Kouzes Model

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Islamic Perspective of Leadership Traits Reference from Surat A Naml (27) Knowledge Maintaining the Organizational Structure Controlling Research & Development Communication Staffing Through Self-Evaluation Delegation

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Knowledge Verse 15 الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي فَضَّلَنَا عَلَى كَثِيرٍ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَلَقَدْ آتَيْنَا دَاوُودَ وَسُلَيْمَانَ عِلْمًا وَقَالاَ We gave (previously) learning to David and Solomon: And they both said: "Praise be to God, Who has favored us above a considerable lot of his workers who believe!"

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Knowledge Verse 16 الْفَضْلُ عُلِّمْنَا مَنطِقَ الطَّيْرِ وَأُ�??تِينَا مِنْ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ إِنَّ هَذَا لَهُوَ وَوَرِثَ سُلَيْمَانُ دَاوُودَ وَقَالَ يَاأَيُّهَا النَّاسُ الْمُبِينُ And Solomon was David's beneficiary. He said: "O ye individuals! We have been educated the discourse of winged animals, and on us has been gave (a bit) for goodness' sake: this is to be sure Grace show (from God.)"

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Maintaining the Organizational Structure Verse 17 وَالطَّيْرِ فَهُمْ يُوزَعُونَ وَحُشِرَ لِسُلَيْمَانَ جُنُودُهُ مِنْ الْجِنِّ وَالإِنْسِ And before Solomon were marshaled his hosts,- of Jinns and men and feathered creatures, and they were altogether kept all together and positions.

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18 سُلَيْمَانُ وَجُنُودُهُ وَهُمْ نَمْلَةٌ يَاأَيُّهَا النَّمْلُ ادْخُلُوا مَسَاكِنَكُمْ لاَ يَحْطِمَنَّكُمْ حَتَّى إِذَا أَتَوْا عَلَى وَادِي النَّمْلِ قَالَتْ لاَ يَشْعُرُونَ finally, when they went to a (modest) valley of ants, one of the ants said: "O ye ants, get into your residences, or Solomon and his hosts pulverize you (on the ground) without knowing it."

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19 وَالِدَيَّ وَأَنْ أَعْمَلَ أَوْزِعْنِي أَنْ أَشْكُرَ نِعْمَتَكَ الَّتِي أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيَّ وَعَلَى فَتَبَسَّمَ ضَاحِكًا مِنْ قَوْلِهَا وَقَالَ رَبِّ عِبَادِكَ الصَّالِحِينَ صَالِحًا تَرْضَاهُ وَأَدْخِلْنِي بِرَحْمَتِكَ فِي So he grinned, interested at her discourse; and he said: "O my Lord! so arrange me that I might be thankful for Thy favors, which thou hast offered on me and on my folks, and that I may work the uprightness that will please Thee: And concede me, by Thy Grace, to the positions of Thy honorable Servants."

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Controlling Verse 20 الْهُدْهُدَ أَمْ كَانَ مِنْ الْغَائِبِينَ وَتَفَقَّدَ الطَّيْرَ فَقَالَ مَا لِي لاَ أَرَى And he took a summon of the Birds; and he said: "Why is it I see not the Hoopoe? On the other hand would he say he is among the non-attendants?

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Controlling Verse 21 أَوْ لَيَأْتِيَنِي بِسُلْطَانٍ مُبِينٍلَأُعَذِّبَنَّهُ عَذَابًا شَدِيدًا أَوْ لَأَذْبَحَنَّهُ "I will absolutely rebuff him with a serious punishment, or execute him, unless he present to me an unmistakable reason (for absence)."

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Research & Development Verse 22 بِهِ وَجِئْتُكَ مِنْ سَبَإٍ بِنَبَإٍ يَقِينٍ فَمَكَثَ غَيْرَ بَعِيدٍ فَقَالَ أَحَطتُ بِمَا لَمْ تُحِطْ But the Hoopoe dawdled not far: he (came up and) said: "I have compassed (domain) which thou hast not compassed, and I have come to thee from Saba with news genuine.

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Communication Verse 23 إِنِّي وَجَدتُّ امْرَأَةً تَمْلِكُهُمْ وَأُوتِيَتْ مِنْ ٌ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَلَهَا عَرْشٌ عَظِيم "I found (there) a lady managing over them and furnished with each essential; and she has a glorious position of royalty.

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Communication Verse 24 فَهُمْ لاَاللَّهِ وَزَيَّنَ لَهُمُ الشَّيْطَانُ أَعْمَالَهُمْ فَصَدَّهُمْ عَنْ السَّبِيل وَجَدْتُهَا وَقَوْمَهَا يَسْجُدُونَ لِلشَّمْسِ مِنْ دُونِ ِ يَهْتَدُونَ "I discovered her and her kin venerating the sun other than God: Satan has made their deeds appear to be satisfying in their eyes, and has kept them far from the Path,- so they get no direction,-

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Communication Verse 25 السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ وَيَعْلَمُ مَا تُخْفُونَ وَمَا تُعْلِنُونَ أَلاَّ يَسْجُدُوا لِلَّهِ الَّذِي يُخْرِجُ الْخَبْءَ فِي "(Kept them far from the Path), that they ought not adore God, Who conveys to light what is covered up in the sky and the earth, and recognizes what ye stow away and what ye uncover.

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Communication Verse 26 اللَّهُ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ رَبُّ الْعَرْشِ الْعَظِيمِ "God!- there is no god yet He!- Lord of the Throne Supreme!"

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Communication Verse 27 قَالَ سَنَنظُرُ أَصَدَقْتَ أَمْ كُنتَ مِنْ الْكَاذِبِينَ (Solomon) said: "Soon might we see whether thou hast came clean or lied!

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Communication Verse 28 اذْهَب بِكِتَابِي هَذَا فَأَلْقِهِ إِلَيْهِمْ ثُمَّ َ تَوَلَّ عَنْهُمْ فَانظُرْ مَاذَا يَرْجِعُون "Go thou, with this letter of mine, and convey it to them: then disadvantage from them, and (hold up to) see what answer they return"...

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Communication Verse 29 قَالَتْ يَا أَيُّهَا المَلَأُ إِنِّي أُلْقِيَ إِلَيَّ كِتَابٌ كَرِيمٌ (The ruler) said: "Ye boss! here is conveyed to me - a letter deserving of regard.

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Communication Verse 30 إِنَّهُ مِنْ سُلَيْمَانَ وَإِنَّهُ بِاِسْمِ اللَّهِِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيم "It is from Solomon, and is (as per the following): 'for the sake of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful:

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Communication Verse 31 أَلاَّ تَعْلُوا عَلَيَّ وَأْتُونِي مُسْلِمِينَ "'Be ye not self-important against me, but rather come to me in accommodation (to the genuine Religion).'"

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Communication Verse 32 قَالَتْ يَاأَيُّهَا المَلَأُ أَفْتُونِي فِي أَمْرِي مَاِ كُنتُ قَاطِعَةً أَمْرًا حَتَّى تَشْهَدُون She said: "Ye boss! prompt me in (this) my undertaking: no issue have I chose aside from in your presence."

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Communication Verse 33 وَالأَمْرُ إِلَيْكِ فَانظُرِي مَاذَ تَأْمُرِين قَالُوا نَحْنُ أُوْلُوا قُوَّةٍ وَأُولُوا بَأْسٍ شَدِيدٍ They said: "We are endued with quality, and given to intense war: yet the order is with thee; so consider what thou shrivel command."

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Communication Verse 34 أَفْسَدُوهَا وَجَعَلُوا أَعِزَّةَ أَهْلِهَا أَذِلَّةً وَكَذَلِكَ يَفْعَلُونَ قَالَتْ إِنَّ الْمُلُوكَ إِذَا دَخَلُوا قَرْيَةً She said: "Kings, when they enter a nation, plunder it, and make the noblest of its kin its meanest along these lines do they carry on.

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Communication Verse 35 بِمَ يَرْجِعُ الْمُرْسَلُونَ وَإِنِّي مُرْسِلَةٌ إِلَيْهِمْ بِهَدِيَّةٍ فَنَاظِرَةٌ "But I will send him a present, and (hold up) to see with what (reply) give back (my) ambassadors."

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Communication Verse 36 فَمَا آتَانِيَ اللَّهُ خَيْرٌ مِمَّا آتَاكُمْ بَلْ أَنْتُمْ بِهَدِيَّتِكُمْ تَفْرَحُونَ فَلَمَّا جَاءَ سُلَيْمَانَ قَالَ أَتُمِدُّونَنِ بِمَالٍ Now when (the government office) came to Solomon, he said: "Will ye give me plenitude in riches? Be that as it may, what God has given me is superior to anything that which He has given you! Nay it is ye who cheer in your blessing!

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Communication Verse 37 قِبَلَ لَهُمْ بِهَا وَلَنُخْرِجَنَّهُمْ مِنْهَا أَذِلَّةً وَهُمْ صَاغِرُونَ ارْجِعْ إِلَيْهِمْ فَلَنَأْتِيَنَّهُمْ بِجُنُودٍ لاَ "Go back to them, and make certain we should come to them with so much has as they will never have the capacity to meet: We might remove them from that point in disfavor, and they will feel lowered (indeed)."

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Staffing Through Self-Evaluation Verse 38 بِعَرْشِهَا قَبْلَ أَنْ يَأْتُونِي مُسْلِمِينَ قَالَ يَاأَيُّهَا المَلَأُ أَي�

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