Investigating American History Unit VII Becoming a World Power

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Conception of the Progressive Era - :52 min.. The Gilded Age and the Progressive Movement. The Big IdeaFrom the late 1800s through the mid 1900s, the Progressive development tended to issues in American society.Main IdeasPolitical defilement was basic amid the Gilded Age. Progressives pushed for changes to enhance living conditions.Progressive changes extended the voting force of subjects..

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Investigating American History Unit VII – Becoming a World Power Chapter 21 - The Progressive Spirit of Reform Section 1-The Gilded Age and Progressive Movement

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Birth of the Progressive Era - :52 min.

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The Gilded Age and the Progressive Movement The Big Idea From the late 1800s through the mid 1900s, the Progressive development tended to issues in American culture. Principle Ideas Political debasement was regular amid the Gilded Age. Progressives pushed for changes to enhance living conditions. Dynamic changes extended the voting force of natives.

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Main Idea 1: Political defilement was normal amid the Gilded Age Political machines firmly affected city, area, and even government legislative issues in the late 1800s. Political machines utilized both lawful and unlawful intends to get their applicants chose to open office. Stuffed voting stations with votes in favor of their hopefuls Paid individuals to vote with influences, or renumerated vote counters Supporters of political machines were regularly remunerated with government occupations. The most famous political machine was New York City's Tammany Hall, headed by William Marcy Tweed.

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Corruption in Washington The organization of Ulysses S. Allow, who was chosen in 1868 and reelected in 1872, was accused of debasement. In Grant's second term, government authorities were imprisoned for taking influences from bourbon distillers. The outrage brought on numerous Americans to scrutinize the trustworthiness of national pioneers.

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Cleaning Up Political Corruption Rutherford B. Hayes (1877–1881) guaranteed radical and finish changes in government and made some minor changes. James B. Garfield (1881) endeavored changes, yet was killed by a disappointed government office searcher at a very early stage in his term. Chester A. Arthur (1881–1885), Garfield's VP, got to be president. Sponsored the Pendleton Civil Service Act go in 1883. Grover Cleveland (1885–1889, 1893–1897), a Democrat, endeavored to contract and fire individuals in light of legitimacy, not party dedication. Benjamin Harrison (1889–1893) controlled swelling and passed the Sherman Antitrust Act. William McKinley (1897–1901) evaded embarrassment and won back open trust in the administration.

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Political Corruption Explain : Why did individual from political machines stuff polling stations? Review : What happened to government authorities who took influences from bourbon creators amid President Grant's second term? Foresee : If government authorities were supplanted after each presidential decision, what impact would this have on the administration's workforce?

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Political Corruption Identify : Which Presidents attempted to change government debasement before 1883? Review : In what two ways did the Pendleton Act change the contracting procedure for government occupations?

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Who were the reformers? What did they need? Generally white collar class individuals (Roosevelt called them Muckrakers ) worried with social issues of the circumstances. Issues, for example, settlers - oldcomers and newcomers city life-poor and destitute, and restriction crime and defilement strikes, Workman's pay, the lowest pay permitted by law Political supervisors city/state governments-coordinate vote based system, assess laws Giant business companies Women's Suffrage Child Labor

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Main Idea 2: Progressives pushed for changes to enhance living conditions. Progressives were reformers who attempted to take care of issues created by fast modern and urban development. Dispose of reasons for wrongdoing, sickness, and destitution Ease stuffing in urban areas Advocate for better training Promote better working conditions and less tyke work Fight defilement in business and government Muckrakers were columnists who expounded on tyke work, racial segregation, ghetto lodging, and debasement in business. Impacted voters, making them weight government authorities

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Muckrakers Name connected to American writers, authors, and faultfinders who in the principal decade of the twentieth penny. endeavored to uncover the misuse of business and the defilement in legislative issues. The term gets from the word muckrake utilized by President Theodore Roosevelt in a discourse in 1906, in which he concurred with a hefty portion of the charges of the mud slingers however attested that some of their techniques were outstanding and untrustworthy. The muckraking development lost support in around 1912. Antiquarians concur that in the event that it had not been for the disclosures of the mud slingers the Progressive development would not have gotten the mainstream bolster required for successful change.

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Muckrakers Miss Ida Tarbell had been grinding away for a considerable length of time on her history of the Standard Oil Company, and it started to keep running in McClure's in November 1902. Lincoln Steffen's first novel on civil defilement, "Tweed Days in St. Louis" showed up in McClure's Oct 1902. Henry Demerest Lloyd's Wealth Against Commonwealth , distributed in 1894, assaulted the Standard Oil Company. How the Other Half Lives , distributed in 1890 by Jacob Riis, uncovered life in New York's ghettos. John Spargo, an Englishman, distributed The Bitter Cry of the Children , a record of youthful children at work in sweatshops. Maybe the most celebrated Muckraking novel, The Jungle by Upton Sinclair, uncovered the detestations of the Chicago meat-pressing plants and the outsiders who were attempted to death in them . Lincoln Steffen Ida Tarbell Upton Sinclair Jacob Riis

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Jacob Riis and Upton Sinclair In 1877 Riis turned into a police columnist for the New York Tribune . In the 1880s his work floated towards change and he worked with other New York reformers then crusading for better living conditions for the a great many outsiders running to New York looking for new open doors. He always contended that the "poor were the casualties as opposed to the creators of their fate". As an author Sinclair picked up popularity in 1906 with the novel The Jungle , a provide details regarding the filthy conditions in the Chicago meatpacking industry. The book won Sinclair acclaim and fortune, and prompted to the execution of the Pure Food and Drug Act in 1906.

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Reform Successes Reforms and Reformers Progressives began settlement houses, for example, Jane Addams' Hull House. City organizers Helped outline more secure construction laws Opened new open parks Civil and sanitation engineers Improved transportation Addressed contamination and sanitation issues, including waste transfer and clean water Death rates dropped in urban areas where city organizers and structural specialists tended to urban ills.

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Progressive Programs - 5:35 min.

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Progressive Movement The Progressive Movement was a push to cure a hefty portion of the ills of American culture that had created amid the immense spurt of modern development in the last quarter of the nineteenth century. The wilderness had been subdued, incredible urban areas and organizations created and an abroad domain set up, however not all nationals partook in the new riches, eminence and positive thinking. Progressivism was established in the conviction that man was fit for enhancing the part of all inside society. Progressivism additionally was loaded with solid political hints and rejected the congregation as the main impetus for change. Supporters of the development were found in both major political gatherings, Democrat and Republican. Particular objectives included: Remove defilement and undue impact from government Conservation Include more individuals all the more specifically in the political procedure. Government must assume a part to tackle social issues and build up reasonableness in monetary matters. Race-Blacks and Native Americans Child Labor, Workers-youthful and old, specialists pay, Political Reform-Direct Election, political change, Anti-restraining infrastructure change.

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Social Reforms Education change incorporated the sanctioning of school participation laws. Susan Blow opened the main American open kindergarten. John Dewey upheld new showing strategies intended to help kids learn critical thinking aptitudes, not simply remember actualities. Joseph McCormack drove the American Medical Association in supporting general wellbeing laws.

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Progressives Push for Reforms Recall : What kind of changes did Progressives need? Making Inferences : What gathering of people do you think defamers were attempting to reach?

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Progressives Push for Reforms Recall : Name three journalists who encouraged change. Circumstances and end results : What came about because of Upton Sinclair's novel The Jungle ? Assess : What is your sentiment of the significance of city organizers and architects?

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Progressives Push for Reforms Recall : When did the primary open kindergarten open in the United States? Differentiate : How were Dewey's thoughts on instruction not the same as prior techniques for educating?

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Main Idea 2: Progressive reformers extended the voting force of nationals. Progressives attempted to lessen the force of the political machines by Ending degenerate ticket works on Adopting the mystery vote Adopting the immediate essential, which permitted voters to pick party hopefuls instead of having it done by gathering managers The Seventeenth Amendment permitted Americans to vote straightforwardly for U.S. congresspersons.

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Recall, Initiative, and Referendum Recall Some states and urban communities received the review . It was an exceptional vote that gave subjects the chance to expel a chose official from office. Activity Some states received the activity . It permitted voters to propose another law and vote on it. Submission Some states received the choice . It allowed voters to straightforwardly endorse or dismiss a proposed or ordered law.

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Government Reforms The Cities Some urban areas received a gathering administrator type of government, in which an expert director runs the city. Different urban areas received a commission type of government, in which a gathering of chose authorities runs the city. The States Governor Robert M. La Follette of Wisconsin tested the force of the political

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