Intellectual Development - Piaget

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Meaning of cognizance. Cognition:Refers to demonstration of knowingConcerned with the mental procedures by which information is obtained, expounded, put away, and retrievedAttention to the worldPerception of the worldLearning, considering, recollecting, thus onCognitive development:Changes that happen in mental aptitudes and capacities after some time.

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Psychological Development - Piaget What is subjective advancement? Meaning of insight The auxiliary utilitarian approach The data preparing methodology Piaget's hypothesis of subjective advancement Background Piaget's hypothesis Cognitive harmony Cognitive schemata Behavioral (sensorimotor) schemata Symbolic schemata Operational schemata How do composition create? Association Adaptation: Assimilation and accomodation Piaget's phases of psychological improvement Properties of stages Invariant formative groupings Hierarchical relations among stages Sensorimotor intgelligence The six phases of sensorimotor insight Imitation and protest perpetual quality Preoperational period Preconceptual period Emergence of typical capacity Animism, transductive thinking, and egocentrism Intuitive period Concrete operational period Formal operational period

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Definition of comprehension Cognition: Refers to demonstration of knowing Concerned with the mental procedures by which learning is obtained, expounded, put away, and recovered Attention to the world Perception of the world Learning, considering, recollecting, et cetera Cognitive advancement: Changes that happen in mental aptitudes and capacities after some time

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Perspectives on Cognitive Development The auxiliary practical approach: Emphasizes the natural capacities and ecological impacts that advance formative changes in the association and the structure of knowledge The data preparing approach: Focuses on the development of particular intellectual handling systems, for example, discernment, consideration, memory, et cetera

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Piaget's Theory Cognitive harmony: What is insight? Essential life drive that helps one adjust to condition Type of harmony towards which every single subjective structure tend Produce adjusted connection between through procedures and condition Balanced connection called "intellectual balance" Children as constructivists Cognitive diagram (or schemata): Cognitive structure Pattern of thought or activity Behavioral (sensorimotor) outlines Organized example of behavivor used to speak to objects of experience First mental structures to seem Symbolic mappings Ability to consider objects/occasions without really having them show Operational blueprints Cognitive operations connected to items/occasions

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Piaget's Theory, con't How do composition change? Association Combine existing constructions into new pattern Produces more mind boggling scholarly structures Adaptation Two reciprocal procedures: Assimilation and accomodation Assimilation The procedure by which kids endeavor to translate new encounters in connection to past encounters Fit new data with existing blueprints Accomodation The procedure by which youngsters adjust their current psychological structures to represent new encounters Existing diagrams experience change Two procedures dependably happen together End result is intellectual harmony

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Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development Properties of stage hypotheses: Invariant formative arrangement Constant, perpetual request No skipping of stages Indicates solid maturational part Hierarchical relations among stages Structures of prior stages not lost Incorporated into accomplishments of later Stages of advancement: Period of sensorimotor knowledge (Birth – 2 years) Preoperational period (2 – 7 years) Concrete operational period (7 – 11 years) Formal operational period (11 years on)

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Period of Sensorimotor Intelligence Substages of the sensorimotor period: Stage 1: The utilization of reflexes (0 – 1 mo) Stage 2: Primary roundabout responses (1 – 4 mos) Stage 3: Secondary roundabout responses (4 – 8 mos) Stage 4: Coordination of optional mappings (8 – 12 mos) Stage 5: Tertiary round responses (12 – 18 mos) Stage 6: Invention of new means through mental mixes (18 – 24 mos) Specific formative capacities: Imitation Object changelessness

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Preoperational Period Preconceptual period (2 – 4 years): Symbolic capacity and imagine play Animism Transductive thinking Egocentrism Intuitive period (4 – 7 years): Conservation issues Characteristic to characterizing shift

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· Same age as Dad · 2 years of age · Gives displays on birthday · Your dad's sibling · Visits on ends of the week · Not related The Characteristic to Defining Shift Uncle +C/ - D - C/+D