Institutionalized GROUND MOVEMENT TRAINING FOR AIRPORT OPERATORS

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Institutionalized Airfield Ground Movement Training Program. Review/PurposeAirfield MarkingsAirfield LightingAirfield SignageRadio CommunicationLight Gun SignalsRunway IncursionsConstructionConclusionAcronyms. Reason for Training. To set up an institutionalized ground development preparing program and make airplane terminal administrators and vehicle administrators mindful of the assets accessible, to keep up the most astounding poss

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Institutionalized GROUND MOVEMENT TRAINING FOR AIRPORT OPERATORS Produced by Fort Lauderdale Hollywood International Airport - In conjunction with the Federal Aviation Administration Southern Region Runway Safety Program Office

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Standardized Airfield Ground Movement Training Program Overview/Purpose Airfield Markings Airfield Lighting Airfield Signage Radio Communication Light Gun Signals Runway Incursions Construction Conclusion Acronyms

Slide 3

Purpose of Training To set up an institutionalized ground development preparing project and make air terminal administrators and vehicle administrators mindful of the assets accessible, to keep up the most noteworthy conceivable level of security inside the airplane terminal condition. To guarantee that the quantity of runway attacks is decreased, alongside the potential for flying machine occurrences or mischances.

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Definitions Runway – A characterized rectangular surface on an airplane terminal readied or appropriate for the arrival or take off of air ship. Runway – A characterized way settled for the maneuvering of air ship starting with one a player in an air terminal then onto the next. Development Area – Runways, runways, and different zones of an airplane terminal which are utilized for navigating, or float maneuvering, air navigating, departure, and arriving of flying machine, selective of stacking slopes and air ship stopping ranges. Runway Incursion – Any event at an air terminal including a flying machine, vehicle, individual, or protest on the ground that makes a crash danger or results in lost partition with an air ship taking off, expecting to take off, landing, or proposing to arrive.

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Airfield Markings Hold Bars ILS Hold Bars Movement/Non-Movement Area Boundary Intermediate Holding Position (Taxiway/Taxiway) Surface Painted Holding Position Surface Painted Directional Signs Surface Painted Location Taxiway Edge (Full and Dashed) Geographic Positioning Vehicle Roadways

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Hold Bars Used to recognize the area where a pilot or vehicle is to stop when leeway has not been allowed onto a runway. Never cross without authorization. Hang on the strong line side. Hold Here

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ILS/MLS Hold Bar To recognize the area where a pilot or vehicle is to stop when he/she doesn't have freedom to enter the ILS/MLS region. Situated at the border of the ILS/MLS basic region. Unapproved entrance could disturb NAVAIDS.

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Movement/Non-Movement Area Boundary Defines the limit of the development territory and non-development region. Must have authorization from ATC to enter development range. Hang on the strong line side. Hold Here

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Intermediate Holding Position(Taxiway/Taxiway) To distinguish an area of a runway or smock where air ship or vehicles should stop when educated to hold short with respect to another runway or cook's garment. Utilized at airplane terminals where there is an operational need to hold activity at runway/runway crossing points, geographic position, or a holding inlet.

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Surface Painted Holding Position Used where pilots experienced issues perceiving the area of the holding position and to supplement signs situated at holding positions. Required where the width of holding position on the runway is more noteworthy than 200'. Utilized as a part of conjunction with the hold bar.

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Surface Painted Direction Signs Useful to guide pilots to runways or runways and to abstain from missing runway turns. Connected on runway surface when it is not doable to give hoisted directional signs or to supplement raised signs.

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Surface Painted Location Signs Used to supplement hoisted signs and help pilots in affirming the runway on which the air ship is found. Situated on runway cleared surface.

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Taxiway Edge Stripes Used to outline the edge of a runway, essentially when the edge of the useable runway does not relate to the edge of the asphalt. (Case, runway shoulders). Persistent – Paved surface other than full quality runway not planned for use via air ship. Dashed – Operational need to recognize runway edge where adjoining cleared surface is planned for use via air ship.

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Geographic Position Markings Designed to recognize the area of maneuvering air ship amid times of low perceivability. Situated on taxi courses as per the airplane terminals' Surface Movement Guidance and Control System (SMGCS) arrange.

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Vehicle Roadway Markings Defines course that vehicles ought to utilize when a similar territory is utilized as a part of conjunction with flying machine. Markings can be strong or zipper style for more noteworthy perceivability. Vehicles ought to utilize these courses to the best degree practicable.

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Airport Lighting Runway Lighting Taxiway Lighting Runway Centerline Lighting Taxiway Centerline Lighting Elevated Guard Lights (Wigwags) In Pavement Guard Lights Runway End Lights

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Runway Edge Lighting Designed to recognize the edge of the usable runway surface around evening time and amid times of low perceivability. Clear (or white) with the exception of the last 2000' of an accuracy or non-exactness instrument runway, lights are golden.

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Taxiway Edge Lighting Designed to recognize the edge of the usable runway surface around evening time and amid times of low perceivability. Runway edge lighting is blue.

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Runway Centerline Lighting Runway Centerline lighting is utilized to furnish pilots with arrangement direction amid departure and landing operations, basically amid low perceivability conditions. Runway centerline lights are white (clear). But the last 3000' segment. 2000' of lights are exchanging white/red and the last 1000' are strong red.

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Taxiway Centerline Lighting Taxiway Centerline lighting is intended to encourage ground development, essentially amid low perceivability conditions. Runway centerline and lead-on/off lights are green.

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Elevated Runway Guard Lights (Wigwags) Elevated watch lights are utilized to distinguish the holding position for a runway particularly around evening time and amid times of low perceivability. Used to upgrade the hold bar and lifted signs.

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In –Pavement Guard Lights Supplement hold bars and hold position signage to ready pilots or vehicle administrators of the holding position, particularly amid poor climate or times of low perceivability.

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Runway End Lights Used to delineate the finish of the useable runway to airplane. Masterminded in two arrangements of four lights.

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Airfield Signs Hold Position Signs ILS/MLS Critical Area Signs No Entry Runway Approach Signs Taxiway Location Signs Distance Remaining Signs Taxiway Ending Marker Inbound Destination Signs Array of Multiple Signs

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Hold Position Signs Used to mean the passage to a runway or basic range, in conjunction with hold bars. Have white engravings with red foundations. Must not be passed unless authorization is conceded by ATC. Ought to be NOTAMed when inaccessible or dark.

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ILS/MLS Critical Area Sign Used in conjunction with ILS/MLS Critical zone hold markings to recognize the external limit of the basic zone. White engraving with Red foundation. Entrance into territory without authorization could disturb NAVAIDs.

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No Entry Signs Indicates that passage into a specific territory is denied to airplane. White dash and hover with red foundation.

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Hold Position Signs for Runway Approach Areas Identifies the area that air ship or vehicles ought to hold until authorization is allowed to cross through a runway security zone or infiltrate airspace required at the way to deal with a runway.

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Taxiway Location Signs Identify the runway on which the airplane or vehicle is found. The engraving is yellow with a dark foundation. Can likewise be utilized to assign a runway in which a flying machine or vehicle is found.

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Distance Remaining Signs Used to distinguish the separation staying on a runway, amid take off and landing. White engraving with dark foundation. Situated at 1000' augmentations.

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Taxiway Ending Marker Used to show that a runway does not proceed. Retro-intelligent sign or hindrances with substituting yellow and dark calculated stripes.

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Inbound Destination Sign Used to assign an area on the airplane terminal, for example, a FBO, incline stopping range, military operation, or fuel. Dark engraving with yellow foundation. Indicates by and large non-development territory offices.

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Sign Array Used to give guidance to numerous runways inside closeness. For the most part situated at the crossing point of at least two runways. Comprises of Taxiway area and Taxiway headings.

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Radio Communication Tower Control Ground Control Phonetic Alphabet Proper Phraseology Light Gun Signals

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Tower Frequency Controls the development of flying machine on airplane terminal runways and air terminal airspace. Nearby controller has purview over runways. The tower recurrence for this airplane terminal is - .- - MHZ.

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Ground Control Frequency Responsible for the control of airplane, vehicles, and people on foot on controlled air terminal surfaces, with the exception of runways. (Development Areas) The Ground Control recurrence for this airplane terminal is - .- - MHZ.

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Phonetic Alphabet An Alpha J-Juliet S-Sierra B-Bravo K-Kilo T-Tango C-Charlie L-Lima U-Uniform D-Delta M-Mike V-Victor E-Echo N-November W-Whiskey F-Foxtrot O-Oscar X-X-beam G-Golf P-Papa Y-Yankee H-Hotel Q-Quebec Z-Zulu I - India R-Romeo

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Proper Phraseology Identify your identity calling/name of office. Vehicle – "Airplane terminal X Ground… Operations 1". Sit tight for a reaction. Tower – "Operations 1 .. Air terminal X Ground." Identify your expectations. Vehicle – "I am on the north side FBO Ramp and might want to cross Runway 7 toward the South Ramp". Sit tight for a reaction. Tower – "Operations 1, Proceed up to and hold shy of Runway 7 at Taxiway Mike." Always rehash the guidelines back to the tower. Vehicle – "Roger, Operations 1, Proceed up to and hold shy of Runway 7 at Taxiway Mi

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