Information on the Financial Status of Veterans and on VA Program Utilization

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Information on the Socioeconomic Status of Veterans and on VA Program Usage. Robert E. Klein, Ph.D., Office of the Actuary Donald D. Stockford, M.A., Veterans Health Administration May 2001. Diagram. Financial Status Current Socioeconomic Characteristics Some Special Needs Veterans

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´╗┐Information on the Socioeconomic Status of Veterans and on VA Program Usage Robert E. Klein, Ph.D., Office of the Actuary Donald D. Stockford, M.A., Veterans Health Administration May 2001

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OVERVIEW Socioeconomic Status Current Socioeconomic Characteristics Some Special Needs Veterans Selected VA Programs Implications 2

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A noteworthy objective of VA projects and administrations for veterans is to accommodate value amongst veterans and nonveterans on different financial measures, for example, instructive accomplishment, middle individual wage, unemployment rate, and neediness status . Veterans contrast positively with their nonveteran partners on a few measures of financial status. Financial Status

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Socioeconomic Status Education Male Veterans and Nonveterans* Percent Educational Attainment * Age 20 and Over Source: Current Population Survey, March 1999

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Socioeconomic Status Education : In 1999, critical contrasts existed between male veterans and nonveterans in their most abnormal amount of instruction achieved: 12% of male veterans had not moved on from secondary school contrasted with 18% for male nonveterans. A higher extent of male veterans (65%) than male nonveterans (56%) had no less than a secondary school training or had finished 1 to 3 years of school. Male nonveterans are more probable than male veterans to have finished at least 4 years of school (26% versus 23%). Source: Current Population Survey, March 1999 5

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Socioeconomic Status

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Socioeconomic Status Education (Cont'd) : About an indistinguishable rate of male veterans from male nonveterans had in any event some school (52% versus 51%). Be that as it may, a higher rate of male veterans "40-54" (for the most part Vietnam time) than male nonveterans of that age had at any rate some school (61% versus 57%). Likewise, a higher rate of male veterans age "20-39" (post-Vietnam and Gulf War time) than comparatively matured male nonveterans had at any rate some school (54% versus 52%). Source: Current Population Survey, March 1999 7

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Socioeconomic Status Median Personal Income of Male Veterans and Nonveterans by Age March 1999 Median Income ($000s) Age Source: Current Population Survey, March 1999

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Socioeconomic Status Personal Income : all in all, individual pay in 1999 was higher for male veterans than male nonveterans due, to some degree, to contrasts in their age and to conceivable contrasts in employment aptitudes and preparing. The middle wage of $28,800 for male veterans was 9% higher than the middle of $26,400 for their male nonveteran partners. The middle pay of $37,100 for male veterans age "40 - 54" (Vietnam period) was the most astounding, and the middle of $14,600 for male nonveterans age "65 or over" was the least. Source: Current Population Survey, March 1999

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Socioeconomic Status Unemployment Rates for Veterans and Nonveterans by Veteran Status and Sex, Jan. 1, 1999 - Dec. 31, 1999 Percent Sex Source: Data are yearly midpoints from the month to month Current Population Survey, 1999

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Socioeconomic Status Unemployment : In 1999, the yearly normal (of the month to month information for January through December 1999) unemployment rate of 3.2% among veterans was lower than the 3.7% rate for their nonveteran partners. Also, the 3.1% unemployment rate among male veterans was lower than the 3.6% rate among male nonveterans. Be that as it may, the 4.6% unemployment rate for female veterans was higher than the 3.7% rate for their female nonveteran partners. Source: Current Population Survey information for CY 1999 11

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Socioeconomic Status Uninsurance Among Veterans and VA Users 1993 Percent Uninsured Source: 1993 National Survey of Veterans

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Socioeconomic Status Health Insurance : VA clients of inpatient and outpatient mind have more noteworthy medical coverage scope issues than veterans as a rule. Around 9% of all veterans, the greater part of whom are male, were uninsured at the season of the National Survey of Veterans meeting in 1993. This looks at to 21% of VA clients. Among veterans "under 65", 13% were uninsured in 1993, while among VA clients "under 65", 29% were uninsured. Almost all veterans age "65 or over" are secured by Medicare; just around 1% are most certainly not. Be that as it may, among VA clients age "65 or over" around 7% are uninsured. Source: 1993 National Survey of Veterans 13

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Socioeconomic Status Special Needs Veterans Percent of Male Veterans and Nonveterans in Poverty 1990 5.7 Source: 1990 Decennial Census

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Socioeconomic Status Special Needs Veterans Poverty: In March 1990, just 5.7% of all veterans were at or underneath the destitution level contrasted with 9.1% of all grown-up U.S. guys. Most states with neediness rates above 5.7% among veterans were in the South and Northwest. Generally,states in New England and the Mid-Atlantic had the most minimal veteran neediness rates. Source: 1990 Decennial Census 15

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Socioeconomic Status Incarcerated Veterans Male Veterans and Nonveterans in Correctional Institutions 1990 and 1997 Source: 1990 Decennial Census and Bureau of Justice Statistics

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Socioeconomic Status Special Needs Veterans (Cont'd ) Incarceration: In March 1990, around 166,000 male veterans were in jails. This speaks to a rate of 636 for every 100,000 veterans, a large portion of the rate of nonveteran grown-up guys. By 1997, the rates of imprisonment expanded for both male veterans and nonveterans, however the rate for veterans was still about a large portion of that of nonveterans. The lower rate for veterans is clarified to some degree by a littler extent of veterans in the youthful age bunches which make up the greater part of the jail populace. Source: 1990 Decennial Census 17

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Socioeconomic Status Inmates of Federal, State, and Local Correctional Facilities by Veteran Status Violent offenses Property offenses Drug offenses Public-arrange or different offenses Local correctional facilites Violent offenses Property offenses Drug offenses Public-arrange or different offenses Federal penitentiaries Violent offenses Property offenses Drug offenses Public-arrange or different offenses State detainment facilities Percent Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics information

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Socioeconomic Status Special Needs Veterans (Cont'd) Incarceration (Cont'd): More as of late, the Bureau of Justice Statistics in the Department of Justice supported overviews in 1996 and 1997 on prisoners in state, government, and nearby remedial offices. Information on veterans were incorporated. In 1997, 225,700 veterans, or under 1% of all veterans, were in detainment facilities and prisons. Guys made up the vast majority of the jail populace. Among veterans in all remedial offices, 99% were male contrasted with 89% of nonveterans in prison, 92% of nonveterans in government jails, and 93% of nonveterans in state penitentiaries. Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics 19

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Socioeconomic Status Special Needs Veterans (Cont'd) Incarceration: (Cont'd): Most veterans in state jails, 55%, were sentenced for vicious offenses, contrasted with 46% of nonveterans. Most veterans (51%) and additionally most nonveterans (65%) in government detainment facilities were sentenced for medication offenses. The most regular offenses for veterans in nearby prisons were open request or different offenses (31%), and for nonveterans they were property offenses (27%). Age and financial contrasts account to a limited extent for the distinctions in sorts of offense submitted by male veterans and nonveterans. Since male veterans are, all things considered, more seasoned and more prone to be utilized before detainment, they will probably be sentenced for fierce wrongdoings and more improbable for medication and property violations than their nonveteran partners. Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics 20

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Socioeconomic Status Homelessness Male Veterans and Nonveterans in Shelters 1990 Source: 1990 Decennial Census

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Socioeconomic Status Special Needs Veterans (Cont'd) Homelessness: Hard information on the destitute populace are hard to get. The last Census included 39,000 male veterans crisis destitute sanctuaries in March 1990. This downplays the degree of the issue on the grounds that numerous destitute don't live in sanctuaries. The aggregate number of male veterans in destitute asylums was about a large portion of the quantity of grown-up male nonveterans in sanctuaries. In any case, the rate of habitation in sanctuaries was higher for male veterans (149 for every 100,000) than for grown-up male nonveterans (126 for every 100,000). The rates were likewise higher for Black veterans than for White and Hispanic veterans. Source: 1990 Decennial Census 22

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Socioeconomic Status Type of Medical Insurance for Homeless Veteran & Nonveteran Clients of Homeless Assistance Programs and Services Currently Homeless Clients Source: 1996 National Survey of Homeless Assistance Providers and Clients (1999), Urban Institute, Washington, DC

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Socioeconomic Status Special Needs Veterans (Cont'd) Homelessness (Cont'd): Currently Homeless Male Veteran and Nonveteran Clients of Homeless Assistance Programs and Services Among the discoveries of the 1999 HUD report "Vagrancy: Programs and the People They Serve", which is the aftereffect of the 1996 National Survey of Homeless Assistance Providers and Clients, were: 49% of right now destitute male veteran customers of destitute help projects and administrations reported having no health care coverage, contrasted with 68% of their male nonveteran partners. The huge distinction is because of the part of VA. 32% of right now destitute male veteran customers of destitute help projects and administrations reported that their "kind of medicinal protection" was "VA restorative care". Source: 1996 National Survey of Homeless Assistance Providers and Clients 24

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Socioeconomic Status Length of Current Period of Homelessness Veteran and Nonveteran Clients of Homeless Assistance Programs & Services Currently Homeless Clients Source: 1996 National Survey of Homeless Assistanc

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