Human sciences 310-Family, Kin and Community

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Educator. Christa AmourouxHours: T

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Humanities 310-Family, Kin and Community Summer Session 3 – 2008

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Instructor Christa Amouroux Hours: T&TH 9:00-1 pm. Amouroux@sfsu.edu Office: HSS 111 Office Hours: 12:30-1:15 Wed or by arrangement.

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"Anthropologists utilize connections to reveal connections" Marilyn Strathern 2005

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Key Questions What has happened to family relationship studies since 1970? How would we reevaluate essential inquiries and suspicions about familial association? What new potential outcomes and basic bits of knowledge are offered by conceptive advancements? What are the fate of connection studies and family frames?

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Contemporary US Families In 2008, not as much as half of the kids in the United States will spend their whole adolescence living with both of their natural guardians. Separation and remarriage, gay or lesbian child rearing organizations, single-parent families, receptive and non-permanent families are all types of present day family life. Regenerative advancements obscure the origination of the atomic organic family significantly facilitate with benefactor insemination, surrogacy and in-vitro preparation turning out to be more typical.

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Attendance at least three unlucky deficiencies will bring about coming up short or being dropped from the class. Late landing and early flight will likewise affect your review essentially. Kindly don't agree to accept this course unless you plan to peruse every one of the materials, partake in discourse and go to all class gatherings.

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Weekly Homework During most class sessions you will bring a daily paper article, cutting from a magazine or other composed media piece which identifies with the readings task for the class session. Be set up to talk about how your article identifies with the present class readings. This simple task will help you make associations with what you are realizing in class and your general surroundings. This task will likewise help you develop your last paper as that we will talk about how to basically break down ideas.

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Quizzes 4 tests will be given Cover the week's readings Make-up tests won't be given.

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Mid Term 2 section mid-term: In-class segment and a bring home area accessible. In-Class Portion in class 7/31 The midterm will test your insight into the terms and thoughts shrouded in class, movies and in the readings. It is essential to keep notes on the wording and principle ideas canvassed in this course so as to effectively total the in-class part of the exam. Bring Home Portion due 8/5 You will utilize two already doled out readings for the bring home. The inquiries will request that you put these readings in discussion with each other, and to abridge the primary focuses and take a basic position. The bring home is 5-6 pages long.

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Final Paper Final paper 100 focuses due in class on August 14, 7-8 pages Double-dispersed, comprising of an investigation of conceptive innovations. It would be ideal if you utilize the course readings, movies and notes in your examination.

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Final Paper Guidelines Locate media scope on one new conceptive innovation. You can utilize a case that is being or has been shrouded in the media or a story canvassed in the previous five years. Time, Newsweek and LEXIS/NEXIS, ads from the web, sites for sperm banks or egg givers. Your paper ought to concentrate on one issue, for example, pre-birth testing, hereditary screening, invitro-treatment, surrogacy, or sex determination innovation. Agree to accept A TOPIC BY WEEK 2 The late spring session is short, so try to keep notes on how the appointed readings identify with your point. It is basic that you utilize readings from the class in your examination of the theme.

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Texts Janet Carsten (2004) After Kinship Gerald Mallon (2004) Gay Men Choosing Parenthood Articles are accessible at http://amouroux.wordpress.com/family-kinfolk group humanities 310/Copies are additionally accessible in SCI 3 rd Fl, Anthropology Department

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Course Objectives Develop a basic consciousness of the importance of the family and connection as verifiably particular and socially built. Create basic perusing and composing aptitudes that take into account a nuanced comprehension of issues identified with the family, connection and group. Build up a comprehension of a culturally diverse and transnational point of view of connection, group and family.

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Introduction to Kinship A Short History

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What is Kinship? "Family relationship and marriage are about the essential unavoidable truths that apply to everyone. They are about 'birth, and origination, and demise', the everlasting round that appeared to discourage the writer yet which energizes, among others, the anthropologist. [...] Man is a creature, however he puts the essential unavoidable issues facing everyone to work for himself in ways that no other creature does or can" (Fox, 1996 [1967]: 27).

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One Definition: Blood and Law Kinship is the acknowledgment of a connection between people in view of plummet or marriage. In the event that the connection between one individual and another is considered by them to include plunge, the two are consanguines ("blood") relatives. On the off chance that the relationship has been set up through marriage, it is affinal . (Stone, 1997: 5).

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One Definition: Relationships The socially perceived connection between individuals in a culture who are or are held to be naturally related or who are given the status of relatives by marriage, selection, or other custom. Family relationship is the expansive going term for every one of the connections that individuals are naturally introduced to or make further down the road and that are viewed as authoritative according to their general public.

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Kinship: Network Kinship is an arrangement of social connections that are communicated in an organic saying, utilizing terms like "mother", "son," et cetera. It is best envisioned as a mass of systems of relatedness, not two of which are indistinguishable, that emanate from every person. Family relationship is the essential sorting out rule in little scale social orders like those of the Aborigines and gives a model to interpersonal conduct (Tonkinson, 1991:57).

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Working Definition: Kinship incorporates the standards, parts, establishments and intellectual procedures alluding to all the social connections that individuals are naturally introduced to or make further down the road, and that are communicated through, yet not constrained to, an organic colloquialism.

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Cross Cultural Kinship According to anthropologists, many societies around the globe utilize the word "family" differently.  To people in the United States there exists the idea of an atomic family where a mother, father, and their youngsters live together while others consider every one of those individuals naturally related as "family." 

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Cross Cultural Kinship However, this is not diversely valid.  Cultures, for example, the Fore and the Runa consider individuals who are not organically identified with themselves as individuals from their family.  Examples of these "fictive kinfolk" are godparents or exchanging accomplices.

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Kinship Charts Triangle speaks to a man O speaks to a lady = means marriage Line speaks to association between people Triangle or hover with a corner to corner line through it speaks to that the individual is dead An askew line through the equivalent sign speaks to divorce. 

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Kinship Symbols Male                    Either sex   Female  Sibling join Adopted Cohabitation = Deceased  Marriage  =  Divorce EGO Sexual relationship M or Mo = Mother F  or Fa = Father Z  or Si = Sister B or Br = Brother D or Da = Daughter S  or So = Son W =  Wife H =  Husband Co = Cousin P or Pa = Parent Ch = Child Sib = Sibling

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After Kinship Janet Carsten

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Janet Carsten: After Kinship What is the fate of family relationship ponders? How do new conceptive advancements affect our comprehension of family, personhood and marriage? What "new" familial plans are developing? In what manner can anthropologists comprehend these progressions?

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Future of Kinship Studies Rethink the natural family Consider new family shapes Rethink the associations between kinfolk, family and group. How is youth being changed? What are the new meanings of guardians? Is marriage fundamental to family? Why?

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Janet Carsten: After Kinship Story of Stephen Blood and his significant other's longing to utilize his semen to consider a kid. "I think I have the most right of anyone to my significant other's sperm and I urgently need this infant" Diane Blood Rabbinic open deliberations in Israel. What is the connection between a sperm benefactor and a kid? What is the status of a kid imagined along these lines? Sperm benefactors must be taken from non-Jewish men.

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Janet Carsten: After Kinship Non-Jewish sperm does not influence the Jewish personality of the tyke since Jewishness in acquired from the mother. Deletion of the father/sperm benefactor Connection amongst family and the state

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Janet Carsten: After Kinship Anna: "I'm on a high. I'd quite recently been out and I'd gotten myself another jumper. I thought I'll wear my pant suit and this new jumper to meet her. I had everything arranged out-I would not like to look excessively dressy; I didn't need, making it impossible to look excessively scruffy. I simply needed to look in the middle of, in light of the fact that I had this thought she was very poor… "

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Three vignettes These three stories are utilized via Carsten to show the new types of family relationship in the 21 st century: Intense enthusiastic encounters of family relations Connection between private/open, lawful/state and the procedure of country making Issues of personhood, sex and body

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Janet Carsten: After Kinship Is family relationship a "pre-given" request of things? Is it common and unchangeable? Anthropologists have concentrated on the social significance of family relationship, leaving the organic perspectives implicit. Yet, is there a partition amongst organic and social family relationship?

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Janet Carsten: After Kin

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