How Research Helps Shape the Future of Arboriculture

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How Research Helps Shape the Future of Arboriculture/Urban Forestry Roger C. Funk, Ph.D. The Davey Tree Expert Company "Tis Easy to See, Hard to Foresee" - Benjamin Franklin

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History of Arboriculture "He that has an exchange, hath a domain" - Benjamin Franklin

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A Brief Timeline

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Arboricultural Services The nuts and bolts when the new century rolled over: (95% of the work) Cavity work Pruning Cabling and propping 1930's additional: Fertilization Pest control Lightning insurance

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Arboricultural Services 1975 NAA Survey of Arboricultural Services (Journal of Arboriculture, 3 (8), Aug., 1977) 37% Pruning 18% Spraying 16% Removals 8% Utility pruning 6% Fertilizing 8% Other: tree moving, supporting, planting, pit work, analysis

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Arboricultural Services 1997 NAA and Forest Service overview of 25.5 million trees adjusted (May, 1997, Arbor Age) 54% Pruning 23.5% Insect showering 14.5% Fertilizer 6% Removals 1% Cabling

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Industry Organizations

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National Research Plan for Urban Forestry 2005 – 2015 Goal 1 Expand learning and development about urban backwoods asset administration to advance urban biological community wellbeing and maintainability. Objective 2 Assess and screen changing area utilize, and create approach and practices to lessen scene change. Objective 3 Develop and convey learning to moderate and control obtrusive species and regular aggravations. A report by the National Urban and Community Forestry Advisory Council

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National Research Plan for Urban Forestry 2005 – 2015 Goal 4 Expand comprehension of how trees and timberlands improve air and water quality and other ecological administrations. Objective 5 Understand and execute urban timberland frameworks and conditions that upgrade human wellbeing and prosperity. Objective 6 Assess and execute group improvement and monetary advantages through group based arranging and administration of woodlands. A report by the National Urban and Community Forestry Advisory Council

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Drivers of Change Economics Demographics Environmental Awareness Climate Change Globalization Technology/Dissemination

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Economics/Research Funding "Recall that time is cash" - Benjamin Franklin R&D = interest later on… yet "deferrable" How vast is arboriculture/urban ranger service showcase? Divided industry $5 billion for arboriculture alone What constitutes the urban timberland? Look outside your window… What is the yearly spending for arboriculture/urban ranger service inquire about? Urban Community Forest Programs have declined 25% in the previous 4 years from a high of $36 million every year to $27 million in 2007 Nearly $3 million has been supported by the TREE subsidize since 1975

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R&D uses as a % of GDP: . US 2.68% (56% for resistance) China 1.25% to 2.5% in 2020 Japan 3.0% European Union 1.9% to 3% in 2010 Russia 1.5% R&D consumptions as a % of net deals: . In 2003 social insurance administrations went through 2.3% Innovative organizations with a R&D line spending plan expanded incomes by 346% Other organizations : 138% Economics/Research Funding "Recollect that time is cash" - Benjamin Franklin How much ought to be spent every year for research? Examine Funding Opportunities Tax Credits Aligned offices, establishments, trusts

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Today, it is around 80% urban In 1920 the urban and provincial populace were about equivalent In 1880 the populace was around 30% Urban Demographics "Cherish your neighbor, yet don't pull down your support" - Benjamin Franklin Arboriculture and urban ranger service are about trees, as well as about individuals Population in 1880, 1920, and 2008 From 50 million in 1880 to more than 420 million by 2050

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Demographics "Adore your neighbor, yet don't pull down your fence" - Benjamin Franklin Increasing populace movements to beach front territories

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Demographics "Adore your neighbor, yet don't pull down your support" - Benjamin Franklin Impact on environment Consumption Loss of green space Disaster-inclined zones Future research Tougher trees, tree-accommodating scenes, situation Picture credit: Urban Advantage

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Arbor Day Tree City USA The 1970's Silent Spring Earth Day EPA The Critical Role of Trees "Fall, How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed" Thou Shalt Not Pollute Quantifying Benefits UFORE STRATUM i-Tree NYC: $5.60 for each $1.00 spent. Financial plan from $22m to $62m Trees as Infrastructure American Planning Association Canadian National Forest Strategy Asia-Pacific Forestry Sector Study Forestry Environmental Awareness "An ounce of anticipation is justified regardless of a pound of cure" - Benjamin Franklin Urban scientists will climb!

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Climate Change "When the wells dry, we know the value of water" - Benjamin Franklin Atmospheric CO 2 increment Extreme climate impact Extreme climate impact on trees Nanling National Nature Reserve Direct impact of lifted air CO 2 on trees Increased development Insect weakness Storm water keep running off Planting trees to counterbalance CO 2 emanations Utilities – SMUD, Iowa Cities – Los Angeles, Boston, Seattle, Denver, Salt Lake, New York City United Nations Bio Technology Stress quality 17% Increase in the Last 50 Years

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Globalization "Neglecting to get ready is get ready to fall flat " - Benjamin Franklin Global exchange = obtrusive species Turn of the 20 th Century Gypsy moth, Dutch elm sickness, chestnut scourge Turn of the 21 st Century Asian longhorned creepy crawly Emerald fiery debris borer Sudden oak passing Prevention, destruction and scattering NOAA – Most genuine danger of the decade Pace of globalization animating; so should endeavors

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Technology/Dissemination "An interest in learning dependably pays the best advantage" - Benjamin Franklin Technical information Research, Education and Training: Seeds of Innovation Doubles: 2000  5 years ; 2008  2 years ; 2010  72 hrs Dissemination Existing & future experts, open authorities, customers and open Computers and the web Continue to revamp the standards Full advanced mix inside 10 years 90% of all specialized data will be accessible digitally; will require understanding Semantic Web By 2050, $1000 PC (2008 dollars) will surpass figuring capacity of human race MIT Enciclomedia : educational modules for 10 and 11 yr olds in Mexico Corporate Universities 400 in 1998; 1,600 in 2008 KSU/Davey association Other: Master Gardener Program, Garden and Civic Clubs

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Summary "Well shown improvement over well said" - Benjamin Franklin

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How Research Shapes the Future of Arboriculture/Urban Forestry Economics Drives Decisions Environmental development and Climate Change Focus Attention Globalization Increases Invasive Species Population Increase, Shift and Economic Growth Increases Environmental Impact Research and Dissemination History has guaranteed our today Professional exchange associations, ISA accreditation, inquire about Today will guarantee our future Research evaluating financial, social and ecological advantages Creating "harder trees" and better developing conditions Cooperation and Coordination of Research and Dissemination

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The Future Begins With Each New Day