HIV 101

Hiv 101 l.jpg
1 / 29
0
0
644 days ago, 233 views
PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Key Messages. HIV affects our reality and our nearby community.People of shading are excessively spoken to among national and neighborhood new infections.The essential methods of transmission and anticipation of HIV have not changed in 20 years.The AIDS pestilence is not over, but rather there is more trust than any time in recent memory for those that are tainted..

Presentation Transcript

Slide 1

HIV 101 HIV/AIDS Program Public Health - Seattle & King County hivstd.info@metrokc.gov http://www.metrokc.gov/wellbeing/apu 206/205-STDS (7837) 1-800-678-1595

Slide 2

Key Messages HIV impacts our reality and our nearby group. Ethnic minorities are lopsidedly spoken to among national and neighborhood new contaminations. The essential methods of transmission and anticipation of HIV have not changed in 20 years. The AIDS plague is not over, but rather there is more trust than any time in recent memory for those that are contaminated.

Slide 3

What is HIV? What is AIDS?

Slide 4

AIDS HIV contaminated + resistant framework breakdown (CD4 tally < 200 or AIDS Defining disease) AIDS Defining Illnesses Pnuemocystis pnuemonia Toxoplasmosis Kaposi's sarcoma Mycobacterium avium complex Invasive cervical malignancy and so forth

Slide 5

Persons assessed to live with HIV as the finish of 2004 Eastern Europe & Central Asia 1.4 million [920 000 – 2.1 million] Western & Central Europe 610 000 [480 000 – 760 000 ] North America 1.0 million [540 000 – 1.6 million] East Asia 1.1 million [560 000 – 1.8 million] North Africa & Middle East 540 000 [230 000 – 1.5 million] Caribbean 440 000 [270 000 – 780 000] South & South-East Asia 7.1 million [4.4 – 10.6 million] Sub-Saharan Africa 25.4 million [23.4 – 28.4 million] Latin America 1.7 million [1.3 – 2.2 million] Oceania 35 000 [25 000 – 48 000] Total: 39.4 (35.9 – 44.3) million World Health Organization

Slide 7

USA Numbers of AIDS passings have been falling. Number of AIDS conclusion have expanded by around 2.2% between 2001-2002. Rates of HIV contamination in general have not changed despite the fact that an expansion has been noted among men who have intercourse with men in the course of recent years.

Slide 9

Cumulative HIV/AIDS October 31, 2004 King Co. WA State U.S.* Adult/Adolescent 9,480 14,605 1,109,361 Pediatric (<13 yrs) 34 71 13,927 TOTAL CASES 9,514 14,676 1,123,288 Deaths 3,948 6,039 501,818 (42%) ( 41%) (45%) *Kaiser Family Foundation information starting at 12/31/03

Slide 10

Persons Living with HIV/AIDS in WA by County Reported cases as of October 31, 2004 N= 8,637 King 64% King Co. has 29% of the state's populace and 64% of people living with HIV/AIDS.

Slide 11

Trends in Infection Younger People (25% under age 21) Women People in Prison Injection Drug Users Low Socioeconomic Status/ Marginalized Populations

Slide 12

Trends in KC New HIV Diagnoses by Mode of Transmission, 2000-2002 Percent of aggregate HIV/AIDS analyze Trends looking at cases first analyzed HIV 1994-96 versus 1997-99 versus 2000-2002

Slide 14

Persons Living with HIV/AIDS 10/31/2004 versus 2004 King County populace by race/ethnicity Population HIV Prevalence

Slide 15

Trends in New KC HIV Diagnoses by Sex and Race 2000-2002 Percent of aggregate HIV/AIDS analyze Trends contrasting cases first analyzed HIV 1994-96 versus 1997-99 versus 2000-2002

Slide 16

HIV Transmission MOSQUITOES- - NO!! Requires: 1) Infected body liquid. 2) Entry into the body. KISSING- - NO!! Blood, Semen, Vaginal Secretions & Breast Milk Mucous Membrane- - Anal, Oral or Vaginal Sex Blood to Blood- - Needle or Broken Skin Perinatal-In utero, During birth, Breastfeeding

Slide 17

HIV Transmission Requires: 1) Infected body liquid. 2) Entry into the body. Blood, Semen, Vaginal Secretions & Breast Milk Mucous Membrane - Anal, Vaginal or Oral Sex Blood to Blood - Needle or Broken Skin Perinatal, In Utero, During Birth, Breastfeeding

Slide 19

Oral Sex Transmission Receptive accomplice (individual having mouth to genital contact) is at most serious hazard. Discharge in the mouth, poor oral cleanliness, and brushing or flossing preceding sex are related with transmission. Defensive consider of compounds spit. Oral sex regularly not related with hazard. Different reviews show that 1-3% of new contaminations are because of oral sex transmission.

Slide 20

Perinatal Transmission Without treatment 25% of infants destined to HIV+ moms will be tainted. Pre-birth mind, HIV treatment, and C-segments can bring down danger of transmission near 1%. Issues in creating nations. Ladies with higher viral loads more inclined to transmit.

Slide 21

Factors Affecting Transmission Viral Load Stage of disease Treatment STD Co-contamination (3-5 times) More liable to end up distinctly tainted More liable to transmit disease

Slide 22

Knowing You Are Infected Primary Infection 2-6 wks normal 75 - 90% have side effects Only approach to know for beyond any doubt HIV Antibody Test "Window Period": time to create antibodies 3 a month and a half (the vast majority) 3 months >99%

Slide 23

Testing HIV ANTIBODY TEST Consists of two tests Screening test ELISA - E nzyme L inked I mmuno-S orbent A ssay EIA - E nzyme I mmunosorbent A ssay Confirmatory test Western Blot Assay IFA - Indirect I mmuno f luorescense A ssay Negative HIV counter acting agent test more than 99% precise (on the off chance that it has been no less than three months after a contact with a conceivably HIV-tainted accomplice ). Positive HIV immune response tests more than 99% precise.

Slide 24

Anonymous/Confidential Anonymous Testing Clinic keeps no record of your name. They utilize a code to handle your records and your blood example. Private Testing Clinic keeps your name in their records and your medicinal data. Private (center is for the most part restricted from discharging HIV data aside from by your composed consent. Patients frequently sign an agree to bill shape which offers consent to discharge data to an insurance agency. You can check this with your supplier.

Slide 25

Disease Progression Getting HIV Primary Infection Antibody Development Time without side effects (10-12 yrs normal) AIDS (Opportunistic contaminations, CD4 200 or beneath)

Slide 26

Antiretroviral Treatment Triple Drug Cocktail- - Attack the infection at various focuses in the replication procedure Difficult Drug Regimens Importance of Adherence Side Effects Expensive

Slide 27

Post Exposure Prophylaxis Treatment with antiretroviral tranquilizes after a presentation to HIV. Must be begun inside 72 hours (sooner the better) and proceeded for a month. Gusto demonstrated a 80% decrease in HIV diseases for word related exposures.

Slide 28

Abstinence Mutual monogamy with uninfected accomplice Limited sexual contact (non-penetrative) Condoms - right and predictable utilize Reduce number of sexual accomplices Talk with new accomplices about hazard decrease Tx of reparable STDs Avoid sex in the event that you have indications of a STD Notify late accomplices on the off chance that you have a STD Universal Precautions Prevention

Slide 29

Key Messages Locally, the substantial dominant part of individuals with HIV keep on being men who engage in sexual relations with men. Minorities are excessively spoken to among neighborhood new contaminations. The essential methods of transmission and anticipation of HIV have not changed in 20 years. The AIDS pestilence is not over, but rather there is more trust than any other time in recent memory for those that are tainted

SPONSORS