Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome HPS and the working environment

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Hantavirus Aspiratory Disorder (HPS) and the work environment. April, 2010. Themes secured. Depiction of Disease Wellspring of infection How it's Transmitted to Individuals Individual and Word related Danger Anticipation and Control DOSH Strategies. What are the side effects of Hantavirus Aspiratory Disorder?.

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Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) and the work environment April, 2010

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Topics secured Description of Illness Source of infection How it's Transmitted to People Personal and Occupational Risk Prevention and Control DOSH Policies

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What are the manifestations of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome? Start 1 to a month and a half in the wake of breathing in the infection Symptoms are typically evident inside 2-6 days; "influenza like" disease including fever, sore muscles, cerebral pains, queasiness, spewing, and weariness. Will bring about shortness of breath because of liquid filled lungs as the malady deteriorates. Doctor's facility care is then required. It is generally a genuine disease and around 1 out of 3 individuals determined to have HPS have passed on. Connection to Washington Dept. of Health hantavirus reality sheet

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Source of Hantavirus Deer mice Small, local rodents 5 to 8 inches long. Their hide takes after deer, dull on the back and white on the legs and underside. The tail is additionally dull on top and white underneath. (Real repository in western US) Cotton rats Build their homes out of cotton. They have little ears and dim coats. Discovered principally in southern U.S. Deer Mouse Cotton Rat

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The Hantavirus Hantaviruses have been appeared to be reasonable in nature for 2 to 3 days at ordinary room temperature. Influenced by states of condition, for example, temperature, dampness, and whether inside or outside. Additionally influenced by the rat's eating regimen – influences the science of the pee. Bright beams in daylight kill hantaviruses.

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Transmission to People Exposure by tainted deer mice, cotton rodent through inward breath of aerosolized infection discharged in: Urine Feces Saliva Exposure to hantavirus through: debased tidy in the wake of irritating or cleaning rat droppings or homes, living or working in rat pervaded settings, for example, lodges, homes, horse shelters, vehicles, storehouses treatment of wild rodents without insurance

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RISK - Who can get Hantavirus Any man, lady or youngster who is around mice or rats that convey the hurtful infection. Individual to individual spread has not happened in the United States. Through 2009 there have been 41reported instances of HPS among inhabitants of Washington State, 14 (36%) of which were deadly. In the vicinity of one and five cases happen every year. Cases happen in both western and eastern parts of the state. The middle time of cases in Washington State is 35 years (run 14–75 years). The demise rate and middle period of cases in Washington are like the national rates. Click here Reported Cases in United States

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Exposure Precautions If you have been presented to rodents or rat invasions and have indications of: fever, profound muscle throbs, extreme shortness of breath See doctor quickly and advise your doctor of conceivable introduction to hantavirus from rodents.

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Activities related with instances of Hantavirus infectio n Sweeping out an animal dwellingplace and other farm structures Trapping and considering mice Entering an outbuilding pervaded with mice Planting or collecting field crops Occupying already empty residences Disturbing rat swarmed regions while climbing or outdoors Living in homes with a sizable indoor rat populace Using packed air and go clearing to clean away wood squander in a sawmill Handling grain polluted with mouse droppings and pee

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Occupational Risk Some occupations might be at more hazard than others: Telephone installers, upkeep laborers, handymen, circuit testers, and certain development specialists. Laborers in these occupations may need to enter structures, creep spaces, or different destinations that are conceivably rat swarmed, and Hantavirus has been accounted for among these specialists. For specialists that may be presented to rodents as a feature of their ordinary occupation obligations, businesses are required to consent to applicable word related wellbeing and security controls. Businesses are required to create and execute an introduction control plan to take out or lessen the hazard and danger of Hantavirus in their work environment.

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DOSH Policies on Hantavirus During a working environment examination, consistence staff will be required to issue a reference if there is clear confirmation of potential hantavirus introduction for representatives by debased mist concentrates or materials as illustrated in WRD 11.55 Click here to see WRD 11.55 Click here to see DOSH standard on nuisance control To see the L & I Employer data Bulletin on HPS (2000), click here

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Rodent control in and around the home, workplaces and work territories remains the essential system for counteracting hantavirus contamination. Aversion – Rodent Control Seal up building gaps and holes Do nonstop or successive catching Clean up rat sustenance sources and settling locales utilizing fitting gloves and respirator. Dispose of garbage in and around structures and grounds.

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Prevention – Rodent Control Store sustenance 12 to 15 crawls off the floor and 12 to 18 inches far from the divider. Utilize rat verification compartments when conceivable. Screen dumpster waste gaps with equipment material Don't forget pet nourishment overnight Eliminate water sources accessible to rodents Eliminate conceivable settling locales – grass, heaps of wood and so on

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Disease Prevention Employers need to assess and control representative presentation to hantavirus respiratory risks by recognizing and controlling the perils. It is the duty of the business to guarantee laborers are ensured. One strategy for evading representative introduction is to utilize legitimate respiratory insurance where presentation could happen. Respirator Rule-click here

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Cleaning Use elastic, latex, vinyl or nitrile gloves. Altogether wet defiled zones with a detergent arrangement or family unit disinfectant (1 ½ glasses fade in 1 gallon water). Swipe up polluted materials with moist towel then clean or wipe the zone with dye arrangement or disinfectant. Shower dead rodents with disinfectant then twofold pack. Cover, consume or toss out rat in fitting waste transfer framework. Clean gloves with disinfectant or cleanser and water before evacuating. Completely wash hands with warm water & cleanser.

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Cleaning (proceeded) DO NOT utilize a vacuum of any sort incorporating one outfitted with HEPA channels for cleaning dried rat droppings or other dry flotsam and jetsam. It blows air around and may make infection mist concentrates.

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In Conclusion What is thought about this point? Hantavirus aspiratory disorder (HPS) is an unprecedented however serious malady that can happen after contact with a contaminated rat or rat pervaded range. Shouldn't something be said about youngsters? In spite of the fact that reports of HPS are phenomenal in kids, they can encounter serious grimness and a clinical course like that of grown-ups. What are the suggestions for general wellbeing rehearse? HPS ought to be considered in youngsters and grown-ups with unexplained intense respiratory trouble, particularly if rat introduction is noted; preventive measures incorporate rat control in homes and work environments, and play territories where kids might be available. Imperative to educate youngsters to stay away from contact with rodents or zones of invasion.

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For more data about Hantavirus or rat control, call your state or neighborhood wellbeing office. Pam Edwards Dept. Work & Industries – DOSH 360-902-6457 edwp235@lni.wa.gov Or see the CDC page at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/infections/hanta/hps/index.htm Or see the Washington State Department of Health at: http://www.doh.wa.gov/EHSPHL/factsheet/hanta.htm L & I – DOSH Hantavirus factsheet

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Adapted from PowerPoint created by: Cindy Smith, PHR City of Ellensburg, HR Director http://www.ci.ellensburg.wa.us/Additional data from: Center for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC)