Gradually harmed: wellbeing results of contamination and natural poisons

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Autos: 27.5 mpg required by 2011, 37.5 mpg required by 2015 ... Issue: Cheapest biodiesel is oil from palm trees; Indonesia, Malaysia deforesting territories ...

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Gradually harmed: wellbeing results of contamination and ecological poisons Martin Donohoe, MD, FACP Portland State University Campaign for Safe Foods, Oregon Physicians for Social Responsibility

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Overview Public wellbeing approach Air contamination Garbage Toxins Education/Corporate Influence Progress and Solutions

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Some Major Sources of Air Pollution Industry - #1 Agriculture Automobiles Indoor ignition of coal and biomass for cooking, warming and nourishment safeguarding

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Air Pollution

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Air Pollution

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Air Pollution Top ten most dirtied urban communities on the planet are in China and India Most dirtied territories in US: LA, Houston, San Joaquin Valley in Central California, Pittsburgh

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Health Effects of Air Pollution Causes roughly 60,000 - 75,000 unexpected losses/yr. in U.S. (656,000 in China) More than are killed via car collisions 1.8 million around the world

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Health Effects of Air Pollution Air contamination causes asthma and disables lung advancement and capacity Deaths from cardiopulmonary ailments relate with air contamination levels in US urban communities Both everyday and after some time

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Health Effects of Air Pollution Increased affirmations for CHF, asthma, COPD, PVD, and cerebrovascular malady (stroke and TIA) Increased lung growth mortality Decreased practice resilience, expanded aspiratory indications

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Health Effects of Air Pollution Increased danger of DVT Impaired sperm creation Increase in SGA and LBW babies Increased danger of a ruptured appendix ?Via connect with aggravation? Expanded quantities of headaches

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Effects of Ozone Destruction Ozone gap over Antarctic (2 ½X size of Europe) Increased waterfalls (UV harm) Increased lifetime melanoma chance 1/1500 - 1930 1/68 - today

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Automobiles Number of cars - US: 1 auto/2 individuals - Mexico: 1/8 - China: 1/100 (expanding; leaded fuel) Global auto populace to twofold in 25-50 years

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Automobiles Average miles voyaged/auto/year in U.S. 1965 - 4,570 mi. 1975 - 6,150 mi. 1985 - 7,460 mi. 1995 - 9,220 mi. 2008 – 12,000 mi.

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Automobiles 25 lbs. of CO 2 delivered for each gallon of gas fabricated, appropriated, and afterward smoldered in a vehicle U.S. vitality costs surpass $500 billion/yr. (in addition military expenses to keep outside oil streaming)

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Automobiles Average fuel productivity of U.S. automobiles stagnant Ford Model T – 25 mpg (1908); Avg. Portage vehicle – 22.6 mpg (2003) Cars: 27.5 mpg required by 2011, 37.5 mpg required by 2015 Light trucks/SUVs: 23.5 mpg by 2011, 28.6 mpg by 2015 European and Japanese benchmarks higher

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Automobiles: Alternatives Relatively low oil costs (as of not long ago) Growing business sector (up to this point) for low-proficiency pickups, minivans, and SUVs Rapid travel Electric autos executed by oil organizations, automakers, tire makers in mid twentieth century Convicted under Sherman Antitrust Act

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Automobiles: Alternatives Car sharing Pay-as-you-drive collision protection " Peak Pricing " and " Congestion Fees " E.g., London → 21% decline in movement, 43% expansion in transport ridership, cleaner air Bicycles/strolling 30% of all outings by bicycle in Amsterdam; 2% in Portland, OR

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Automobiles: Alternatives Busses Trains 15 x more effective per traveler than cars Natural gas as well as gasohol - create less CO 2

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Automobiles: Alternatives Telecommuting Biodiesel Vegetable oil-based fuel Problem: Cheapest biodiesel is oil from palm trees; Indonesia, Malaysia deforesting territories to plant palm trees, prompting to increment in worldwide CO2

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Automobiles: Alternatives Solar autos Hydrogen-controlled autos Byproduct = water Problem: Hydrogen generation requires fossil energizes

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Energy Spending/Research Since 1947, the U.S. has burned through $145 billion on atomic R and D versus $5 billion on renewables R and D < 5% of the DOE's financial plan pays for vitality productivity and renewables BP puts $100 million yearly in clean vitality = amt. it spends every year to market its new name and naturally inviting picture of moving "Past Petroleum"

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Garbage 98% of the nation's aggregate decline is modern waste; 2% metropolitan waste American deliver 4.4 lbs/d rubbish In a lifetime, the normal American will discard 6500 times his/her grown-up weight in trash

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Garbage In one year, Americans produce 236 million tons of refuse 30% reused 164 million tons discarded

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U.S. Rubbish Composition Paper and Paperboard - 39% Yard Waste - 13% Food Waste - 10% Plastics - 12% Metals - 8% Glass - 6% Wood - 5%

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U.S. Reusing Rates Tires - 22% Plastic compartments - 25% Overall plastics – 5% Glass holders - 28% Yard squander - 41% Paper and Paperboard - 42% Aluminum bundling - 54% Steel jars - 60% Auto batteries - 93%

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Garbage Landfills (2300 in US) Incinerators Garbage sends out

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Annual World Production of Synthetic Organic Chemicals 1930 - 1 million tons 1950 - 7 million tons 1970 - 63 million tons 1990 - 500 million tons 2000 - 1 billion tons

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Toxins 6 trillion tons of more than 85,000 chemicals delivered yearly more than 90% have never been screened for poisonous quality Chemical makers are not required to demonstrate wellbeing the lawful weight is on the administration to demonstrate that an item is perilous Consequence of 1976 Toxic Substances Control Act Consumer Product Safety Commission has fizzled in its administrative obligations

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Toxic Pollutants 85,000 known or suspected unsafe waste destinations in the U.S. Additionally up to 600,000 gently defiled previous modern locales ("brownfields") EPA evaluates that there will be 217,000 new risky waste destinations by 2033 Will cost several billions of dollars to alleviate ecological effects

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Toxic Pollutants 1 in 4 U.S. nationals lives inside 4 mile of a Superfund site (roughly 1,305 destinations recorded; another 2,500 locales qualified) Taxpayers paying expanding offer of cleanup costs 54% in 2003 Vast lion's share in a matter of seconds Overall financing diminishing

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Toxins Body weight of mechanical chemicals, contaminations and pesticides high Environmental Working Group (2004)found 287 pesticides, shopper item fixings, and squanders from smoldering coal, fuel, and rubbish in umbilical rope blood Many different mixes not by any means tried; numbers without a doubt higher

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Fetuses and Children are Most Vulnerable to Toxins Greater pound-for-pound introduction Immature, permeable blood mind obstruction Lower levels of compound restricting proteins, permitting more chemicals to achieve "target" organs

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Fetuses and Children are Most Vulnerable to Toxins Organs/organ frameworks quickly growing, in this way more helpless against harm Systems that detoxify and discharge modern chemicals are not completely grew Longer future life expectancy permits more opportunity for unfriendly impacts to emerge

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Toxins in bosom drain Human infants at the highest point of the natural way of life Fat dissolvable poisons packed in bosom drain Benefits of bosom sustaining still surpass dangers Birth surrenders, learning handicaps expanding Toxins assume critical part

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Toxins and sexual orientation Sex proportion changing: Normal = 105 young men/young ladies conceived (skewed by early male mortality) Fewer young men being conceived in industrialized nations Other causes incorporate heftiness, more seasoned parental age, stretch, fruitfulness assistants

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Pesticides 2.2 billion lbs/yr pesticides Including farming pesticides, wood additives, and disinfectants 8.8 lbs/individual/yr in US

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Pesticides EPA gauges U.S. cultivate laborers endure up to 300,000 pesticide-related intense ailments and wounds every year Possibly connected to higher rates of sarcoidosis in rural specialists Pesticide-uncovered men have disabled semen quality, which is connected with diminished ripeness and testicular tumor

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Pesticides NAS gauges that pesticides in sustenance could bring about up to 1 million malignancies in the ebb and flow era of Americans Linked to a mental imbalance, Parkinson's Disease, diabetes, heftiness (with pre-birth introduction), melancholy Children living on or close homesteads score 5 focuses bring down on IQ tests and other mental and verbal tests May be because of pesticide presentation

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Anthropological Study of Children Exposed to Pesticides Children from towns rehearsing natural horticulture Children from towns honing non-natural agribusiness

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Pesticides 1,000,000 individuals slaughtered by pesticides in the course of the most recent 6 years (WHO) US wellbeing and ecological expenses $12 billion/yr (2005)

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Pesticides CA and NY are the main states as of now following pesticide deals and utilize 2008: USDA tomahawks national study diagramming pesticide utilize EPA, NAS right now permits pesticide testing in people, in spite of solid resistance

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Pesticides $2.4 billion worth of bug sprays and fungicides sold to American agriculturists every year Pesticide spillover adds to waterfront no man's lands Baltic Sea, Mouth of Mississippi in Gulf of Mexico Red tides Pesticides restrain nitrogen obsession, diminish trim yields

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Pesticides Evidence recommends that pesticides advance nuisances (versus regular pesticides) 30% of medieval yield harvests were annihilated by nuisances versus 35-42% of ebb and flow trim harvests Implies natural cultivating more practical

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Pesticides and Produce The Dirty Dozen: peaches, apples, ringer peppers, celery, nectarines, strawberries, fruits, kale, lettuce, grapes (imported), carrots, pears The Clean 15: onions, avocados, sweet corn, pineapples, mangos, asparagus, sweet peas, kiwis, cabbages, eggplant, papayas, watermelon, broccoli, tomatoes, sweet potatoes

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Lead 2 million US kids with hoisted levels 120 million individuals with level > 10mcg/dL worldwide Due to expanded ecological presentation an