Gordon s Personal View of Personal Computing: before the PC

Gordon s personal view of personal computing before the pc l.jpg
1 / 32
1187 days ago, 346 views
PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Presentation Transcript

Slide 1

Gordon's Personal View of Personal Computing: before the PC Vintage Computer Society 27 September 1998 Gordon Bell gbell@microsoft.com http://www.research.microsoft.com/~gbell

Slide 3

Apple II

Slide 4

First PC

Slide 5


Slide 6

to start with: Manchester "Infant" ran the primary program 22 June 1948

Slide 7

English Electric Deuce Console 1955

Slide 8

Whirlwind c1953 … first era, 16-bit word; 4 KB memory; 8 K drum Whirlwind sired TX-O/TX-2 sired DEC PDP-1 Real time, first compiler, ECAD, content manager

Slide 9

Whirlwind reassure, drum, 1 Kw center

Slide 10

SAGE Control Room c 1962. Hurricane utilized for first investigations.

Slide 11

SAGE (Semi-Automatic Ground Environment) Operator Console

Slide 12

TX-0 Console c1959… one of the initially transistorized PCs Speech, penmanship acknowledgment, neuro information investigation, and so on. Intelligent editors, debuggers, and so on

Slide 13

MIT Speech assemble with TX-0, c1959.

Slide 14

DEC Computer before PDP-11 1957 1961 1963

Slide 15

DEC PDP-1 c1961

Slide 16

Wes Clark & LINC c1962: Personal PCs for bio-medicinal research

Slide 17

PDP-5 c1964: PDP-8 antecedent Process control, ongoing analyses. Fortran kept running in 4 K, 12 bit words

Slide 18

Gbell with LINC and PDP-8 c1965

Slide 19

PDP-8: first smaller than expected First OEM PC. OS/8 (from timesharing) conceived RT-11 sired CPM

Slide 20

PDP-8 Modules

Slide 21


Slide 22

PDP-8 and Linc Family Tree

Slide 23

PDP-8 12 bit word value (t)

Slide 24

PDP-8 costs (t)

Slide 25

Timesharing: given everybody their own, ease, PC

Slide 26

PDP-6 c1965 : First business time shared PC. Gbell & Alan Kotok

Slide 27

PDP-6 Development group c1965

Slide 28

PDP-6/10/DECsystem 10/20 family tree

Slide 29

There is no reason anybody would need a PC in their home. Ken Olsen President, Chairman and originator of Digital, 1977

Slide 30

Equating yourself to the normal "client/purchaser" is dangerous . . . unless you're a normal client.

Slide 31

Why didn't Digital lead PCs? That is another discussion…

Slide 32

Minis and timesharing commitments SpaceWar exhibited the significance of intelligent design Editors, mini-computers, intuitive debuggers, mediators were being used Mail and talk utilized timesharing Minis built up implanted PCs