G-8: The News Media

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Section 8-The News Media Learning Objectives: . (1). Inspect News media\'s impact on popular sentiment

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G-8: The News Media

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Chapter 8-The News Media Learning Objectives: (1). Look at News media's impact on popular feeling & the political motivation . (2). Investigate the News Media's association with the administration. (3). Look at how the News Media changes after some time, including: journalistic traditions, readership & "viewer-dispatch ," and the adjustments in media possession . (4). Look at press flexibility & its confinements, & talk about FOIA & pool revealing . (5). Examine & electronic media & part of & FCC, measure up to time & reasonableness arrangements. (6). Inspect how news is accounted for, what makes news, & principles of how it is told. (7). Assess the media & figure out whether it has a "liberal bias" or is quite recently skeptical. (8). Evaluate the developing pattern of news as amusement. (9). Talk about news media's part amid political battles & part of sound chomps . (10). Evaluate how well the media reports decision comes about & clarify potential effect. (11). Investigate the part of "news leaks" in revealing the news.

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Do the News Media Matter? Part of News Media? Empower general society to ?__________their government Why is that vital? Government by ?____________ (ideally educated) The News Media and Public Opinion: Key Question : How much impact does Media have on Public Opinion? Three elements to consider : 1. Media's scope versus occasion itself 2. Exhibit of Media perspectives and voices 3. Decision of who to tune in to Democracy implies ? So what precisely is the issue?

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Difficulty in Determining Media's Impact Key Challenges: 1. Unraveling the media's scope with the occasion itself can challenge on occasion 2. Gigantic cluster of media voices in the United States with clashing perspectives 3. Endless individual decision in media determination Extent of News Media's impact? Humble impact of some News Anchors Role of Selective Perception ? *

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Selective Perception A wonder in which individuals see a similar occasion: (How & why?) What is the part of particular observation in framing Public Opinion? Re-upholds what?_______ & rejects what?__________

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Media Influence When is the News Media well on the way to impact somebody's assessment? At the point when individual's learning about particular issue is the thing that? Then again… when the individual has ? feeling about the issue So what is the Media's principle part wrt forming Public Opinion?*

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Media Influence What precisely does the Media impact? The media assumes a noteworthy part in molding the political ?________ . The Media's impact is over what individuals think about ; ( Not so much what they really think)

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Political Agenda The rundown of issues considered vital and that administration authorities are effectively debating .

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News Media & Political Agenda : Summary The Media's essential impact is over what Americans consider, and its capacity to set (?) The Political Agenda rundown of issues considered vital to Public intrigue Worthy of consideration & political exchange or open deliberation Impact of News Media on Political Agenda: Significant energy to shape the Public's motivation (America's political, conservative, and social plan) Spotlight issues considered by Media to be critical Alert & get consideration of open & government authorities Several variables decide Media's decisions (later)

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The News Media and Government Impact of scope on government authorities? Concentrate on an issue => caution public=> Exerts open weight driving Government to act Examples : Iraq's killing of Kurds taking after Persian Gulf War rulers' starvation of individuals of Somalia Widespread plundering in Baghdad tailing US occupation FEMA's poor administration of calamity alleviation NIE see clashing with that of President on Iraq War Neglect of injured warriors at Walter Reed & VA outpatient mind Public mindfulness (by Media) constrained Government reaction

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News Media and the Government The Two Way Street : The media influences government authorities while in the meantime government authorities frequently attempt to impact the media too

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Two Way Street : Media <=> Government authorities endeavor to impact scope President particularly has awesome influence on issue secured Success of Iraqi race & counter feedback on absence of advance In many cases => Media takes after Government lead, while in others the Government winds up in harm control therefore the Government tries to increase ideal scope How - through what?*

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? Control The act of attempting to influence writers to cover news stories in ways that put strategies one loves in the most positive light.

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Changes in the News Media 3 enter changes in New Media's previous 200 years: 1. changes in the traditions of news-casting 2. changes in the way the general population gets its news The sources giving news to the general population 3. changes in the example of media possession

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Changes in Journalistic Conventions The Evolution of press principles of scope: Partisan press => glaring supporter of specific gathering Penny ?___________ => upset news coverage Mass course – moderate to proficient populace Emphasized human intrigue stories – draw in perusers Advertising & deals took care of costs => no gathering ties ? news-casting * => shocking scope (Box 8-1) "Recall the Maine" => Spanish-American War Muckraking * => investigative detailing (Magazines) ?__________ Press * => today's hypothetical standard: Appeal to unique views=> mass circulation=> $$$ * Key Terms to remember=>*

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The Evolution of Journalism Yellow Journalism A type of news coverage, prevalent toward the finish of the nineteenth century, that accentuated ?__________ and now and again ?__________news scope.

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The Evolution of Journalism Muckraking Early type of ?____________ Journalism prevalent toward the Beginning of 20 th century

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The Evolution of Journalism Objective Journalism A type of news coverage that created in the 1920s and which keeps on prevailing today. It underlines that columnists ought to endeavor to ?____________________ out of their scope of the news.

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Changes in Readership and Viewership "Blast of news data" 1950 => 2000+ What does this "blast of news" cover up? Conceals 4 imperative changes :* Decline in Newspapers* (with ascent of what?) Rise of ?_________________ TV Rise of ?_________________ Radio Rapid development of the ?_________________

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Decline of Newspaper Readers % Total number of daily papers + Decline of aggregate number of daily papers read in the United States, from 1945 to 2004

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Trends in Regular News Consumption-% of US Population 1993-2004: Broadcast TV* News versus Cable TV*?

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Impact of Cable TV Rise of satellite TV => expanded rivalry Result: Broadcast TV compelled to cut spending plans Corporate proprietors stretch benefits over news Overseas News Bureaus scope hardest hit Declining viewers=> move to cable=> Means less promoting $$$=> more Budget cuts Also: as more TV utilized as news source: More accentuation on picture & style less inside and out examination => Result: less educated open

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Other Sources: Talk Radio & Internet Rise of Talk Radio =>promotes dynamic political level headed discussion Debate: illuminate or mutilate issues? Moderate inclination? Agent cross area of Nation? Quick development of I nternet => 50+% US homes w/get to and developing Especially genuine w/young=> wellspring of news dramatically increased as news source since 1998 Advantage : fast & custom fitted scattering Excellent potential asset for research & training www.Congress.org Disadvantage : precision (gossipy tidbits & lies) no responsibility and defenseless against control & talk Also:

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Changes in Media Ownership Rise of Corporation proprietorship => need? ?_______________________! Potential effect on news quality & objectivity? Expanded pattern toward convergence of proprietorship Result? Result: number of proprietors ?_________________ => Consolidation & concentrate more on $$$ And less on ?_____________ news Telecomm Competition & Deregulation Act Eliminated numerous confinements on media ownership=> Further focus => which brings about turn=> Increased % of open came to by a couple of first class proprietors

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Consolidation of the News Number of companies Any Problem? Union of news outlets from 1981 to 2000

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Concerns about Consolidation Concerns of commentators of more focused proprietorship: Diversity of news scope & opinion piece lessened More homogenized news/see adequate to proprietors Result: limits as opposed to advances political level headed discussion Offsetting checks to decline effect of possession fixation 1. Sustained administrative activities to advance differing qualities of assessments 2. Extension of digital TV & internet=> new information sources 3. $$$ rationale => motivating force to address issues of gathering of people

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Freedom of the Press "Our freedom relies on upon opportunity of the press, and that can't be restricted without being lost." Thomas Jefferson Source of this ensured security? Is Freedom of the Press total? Are there any confinements?

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Limits to Press Freedom Two noteworthy classes of limitations: 1. ?______ Checks * constraining opportunity of activity 2. ?__________ Policies * restricting press get to

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Limits to Press Freedom Legal keeps an eye on flexibility of the press: 1. ?___________ laws => press can't unreasonably harm notorieties 2. ?____________ laws => from time to time an issue for news scope 3. ?____________ restriction => Rarely connected (any special cases?) Any different limitations on Press opportunity?

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Other elements c

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