Fusing IK INTO KERLA S TENTH FIVE YEAR PLAN - A CASE STUDY

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Fusing IK INTO KERLA'S TENTH FIVE YEAR PLAN - A CASE STUDY PROF. G. M. NAIR, DIRECTOR Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute Pacha-Palode, Thiruvananthapuram 695562, Kerala, India www.tbgri.org gmnair@rediffmail.com

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GENESIS OF THE Program Organized A PRE-WORKSHOP BRAIN STORMING SESSION ON INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE STRATEGIES FOR KERALA, AT GOVERNMENT SECRETARIAT, THIRUVANANTHAPURAM, UNDER THE CHAIRMANSHIP OF HON'BLE CHIEF MINISTER OF KERALA SRI A. K. ANTONY , ON 20 TH SEPTEMBER 2002 THROUGH ASSISTANCE FROM WORLD BANK IK GROUP SENIOR BUREAUCRATS OF GOVERNMENT OF KERALA, HEADS OF DEPARTMENTS, PLANNERS, SENIOR SCIENTISTS, REPRESENTATIVES FROM WORLD BANK IK GROUP AND DELEGATES FROM KENYA, UGANDA AND ETHIOPIA PARTICIPATED.

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RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE BRAIN STORMING SESSION IDENTIFY A NODAL AGENCY FOR ADVISING THE GOVERNMENT, FOR IMPLEMENTING IK Programs PREPARE AN INVENTORY OF IK FROM DIFFERENT SECTIONS OF THE COMMUNITIES Prioritize IK FOR SHORT TERM AND LONG TERM PROJECT PROPOSALS EAR MARK A CERTAIN PERCENTAGE OF BUDGETARY PROVISION FROM CONCERNED DEPARTMENTAL ALLOCATIONS FOR IK RELATED ACTIVITIES SUBMIT TO THE GOVERNMENT OF KERALA AND THE KERALA STATE PLANNING BOARD, CONCRETE RECOMMENDATIONS FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF IK RELATED ACTIVITIES IN THE 10 TH PLAN

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FOLLOW UP Program Organized A WORKSHOP ON "INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE STRATEGIES FOR KERALA" FROM 7-9 OCTOBER 2002, AT THIRUVANANTHAPURAM, WITH THE SUPPORT OF IK PROGRAMME, WORLD BANK, WASHINGTON DC. WORKSHOP WAS INAUGURATED BY HON'BLE CHIEF MINISTER OF KERALA STATE, SRI A. K. ANTONY SRI V. RAMACHANDRAN, VICE-CHAIRMAN, KERALA STATE PLANNING BOARD DELIVERED THE KEY-NOTE ADDRESS SRI S. M. VIJAYANAND, SECRETARY, PLANNING AND ECONOMIC AFFAIRS, GOVERNMENT OF KERALA WAS ALSO PRESENT ON THE OCCASION ATTENDED BY ABOUT 120 INVITEES, WHO ARE EXPERTS IN THEIR RESPECTIVE AREAS. Organizers, BUREAUCRATS, SCIENTISTS, ACADEMICIANS, FARMERS, MEDIA-PERSONS, TECHNOLOGISTS, TRIBALS AND TRADITIONAL MEDICAL PRACTITIONERS.

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TRADITIONAL FIRE DANCE FOLK DANCE

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OBJECTIVE THE WORKSHOP WAS Organized WITH A VIEW TO DEVELOP CONCRETE IK BASED PROPOSALS FOR SUBMISSION TO THE KERALA STATE PLANNING BOARD, SO THAT THESE PROPOSALS COULD BE INCORPORATED INTO THE 10 TH FIVE YEAR PLAN. Result SPECIFIC SHORT-TERM AND LONG–TERM PROPOSALS, SUBMITTED AFTER DISCUSSION AND DEBATE BY VARIOUS GROUPS AND PANELS DURING THE WORKSHOP, WERE SUBMITTED TO THE GOVERNMENT OF KERALA.

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Diversity of Indigenous Knowledge (IK) TOPICS DISCUSSED IK in Biodiversity Conservation and Utilization Agriculture Health mind Animal farming Fisheries Art & Culture Architecture Rural innovation and so forth

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ACTION INTEGRATING WITH 10 TH FIVE YEAR PLAN, KERALA STATE PLANNING BOARD SANCTIONED A PROJECT ON PROMOTION OF TRADITIONAL TECHNICAL KNOWLEDGE VIDE ORDER NO. A1-7033/03/SPB. DATED 23/10/2003 AT A TOTAL COST OF RUPEES 30 LAKHS, DURING THE YEAR 2003 AND 2004 FACILITATING INSTITUTIONS IN KERALA TROPICAL BOTANIC GARDEN AND RESEARCH INSTITUTE, PALODE, THIRUVANANTHAPURAM. KERALA FOREST RESEARCH INSTITUTE, THRISSUR KERALA AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY, THRISSUR Center FOR WATER RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT (CWRDM), KOZHIKODE KIRTADS, KOZHIKODE AHADS, PALAKKAD

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INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE " Indigenous Knowledge (IK) is a group based utilitarian information framework created, protected and refined by eras of individuals through ceaseless cooperation, perception and experimentation with their encompassing surroundings. It is a dynamic framework, constantly changing,adapting and acclimating to the neighborhood circumstances and has close connections with the way of life, progress and religious practices of the groups. IK covers all circles of human action, for example, workmanship, writing, wellbeing, training, horticulture, environment and so forth."

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INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE Real eyewitnesses/defenders/recipients of Biodiversity is Indigenous/neighborhood groups. Indigenous learning on biodiversity is the benefit of the nation which guarantees the sustenance, wellbeing and financial security of the country.

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IK identified with conventional drug in India Source Classical Health Tradition (CHT) Oral Health Tradition (OHT) Traditionally prepared society healers/town doctors Not customarily prepared however experienced in certain wellbeing rehearses (eg.Dai,bonesetters,specialists in treating harms, jaundice, mental scatters) Aged individuals or distinctive ethnic groups including ladies treating the patients in view of the information procured from their ancestors. People who acquired(educated bunch) certain information from their forerunners. Tribal-tribal groups/doctors/matured people. Vedic/traditional writings and treatise like Rigveda, Atharvaveda, Charakasamhita (Text on antiquated Indian Medicine) Susrutha samhita (Text on old Indian surgery ),Ashtangahridaya ((Text on old Indian pharmaceutical & surgery) &other various related reading material in both sanskrit and local dialects

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PRECISE OBJECTIVES Survey, gathering, stock and documentation of tribal/neighborhood/society medications of the regions of Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam and Pathanamthitta. Recording of conventional utilize and information framework on the neighborhood verdure. Study, investigation and association of the information and arrangement of mechanized database. Arrangement of give an account of the indigenous/customary utilization of restorative plants.

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METHODOLOGY TRAINING/AWARENESS ON DOCUMENTATION OF IK (INSTITUTE LEVEL) TRAINING/AWARENESS ON IK DOCUMENTATION (PANCHAYATH LEVEL) RAPPORT ESTABLISHMENT WITH LOCAL BODY MEMBERS AND OWNERS OF IK TEAM BUILDING AND VISION DEVELOPMENT ENTRY TO PANCHAYATH INTERVIEW/MEETING WITH INDIVIDUALS/IK HOLDERS IK DOCUMENTATION DATA POOLING AND ANALYSIS PREPARATION OF DATABASE SUGGESTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

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Documentation of Indigenous Knowledge (IK) LOCATION OF THE STUDY AREA The study region is in the Southern Zone of Kerala, containing the areas of Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam and Pathanamthitta

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CONTACT Program AT INSTITUTE LEVEL ONE DAY SEMINAR ON IK AWARENESS HELD AT TBGRI ON 8 TH DECEMBER 2003 Inaugural address Dr.G.M.Nair Director, TBGRI Presidential Address Shri.Ozhukupara Aziz,Member, Peringammala Gramapanchayath A perspective of the group of onlookers

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Theme address Dr.S.Rajasekharan, TBGRI Introductory comments Dr.V.George,TBGRI Mrs.Ammukkutty amma ( 82), Birth orderly A caretaker of IK from Peringammala Gramapanchayath

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CONTACT Program AT PANCHAYAT LEVEL ONE DAY SEMINAR ON IK AWARENESS

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IK DOCUMENTATION

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OBSERVATIONS/RESULTS DETAILS OF THE CASE STUDIES RECORDED (DISEASE WISE)

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OBSERVATIONS/RESULTS DETAILS OF THE CASE STUDIES RECORDED (DISEASE WISE)

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OBSERVATIONS/RESULTS DETAILS OF THE CASE STUDIES RECORDED (DISEASE WISE)

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  Example I CASE STUDIES - PERINGAMMALA GRAMAPANCHAYATH We have recorded contextual investigations on the accompanying 37 particular ailments, 33 non-particular infections and 3 different conditions in light of 423 (54 single definitions + 369 mixes) data accumulated on 287 restorative plants.

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Example-Disclosed Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute DATA SHEET FOR ETHNO-MEDICO-BOTANICAL SURVEY OF MEDICINAL PLANTS General Information : 1 Name of tribal settlement and the bordering backwoods territory/put overviewed: Kochuvila – Peringammala Gramapanchayath 2. Date of Survey 3. Source: a. Oral b. Documental record c. Chronicled significance/method of transmission of Indigenous Knowledge (IK). 4. Plant subtle elements a. Logical name:

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b. Tribal/neighborhood name Oolan thakara c. Sanskrit name d. Condition of plant e. Propensity f. Territory Open waste land g. Voucher example (i) Herbarium example (ii) Photograph (Y/N):

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h. Dispersion 5. Utility based arrangement of the plant Others determine… … .

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Indigenous Knowledge 1. Part utilized As a part of combination(specify): 10 gm crisp leaves of Cassia occidentalis + 5 gm Allium cepa 2. Accumulation/Harvesting

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3. Fixings

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4. Technique for planning 1. 10 – 15 gm dried/new base of Cassia occidentalis , arranged as glue directed inside alongside 30 - 60 ml drain. 2. 10 gm new leaves of Cassia occidentalis + 5 gm Allium cepa as beat mass 5. Organization of Drug. 6. Signs  7. Exchange plants utilized if the medication plant is not accessible (substitute)

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Consent shape

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Example-undisclosed Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute DATA SHEET FOR ETHNO-MEDICO-BOTANICAL SURVEY OF MEDICINAL PLANTS General Information : 1 Name of tribal settlement and the abutting backwoods region/put reviewed: Elanjium Kani tribal settlement – Peringanmala Gramapanchayath 2. Date of Survey 3. Source: a. Oral b. Documental record c. Chronicled significance/method of transmission of Indigenous Knowledge (IK). 4. Plant subtle elements a. Logical name:

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4. Strategy for arrangement 1. Decoction 2. Sedated oil 3. Beat mass 5. Organization of Drug. 6. Signs  7. Exchange plants utilized if the medication plant is not accessible (substitute)

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Consent shape

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Enumeration of Indigenous learning Indigenous information identified with therapeutic plants assembled from Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam and Pathanam

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