Framework and Administrative Part of Ayurvedic, Siddha and Unani Indian Customary Prescriptions in India

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Framework & Regulatory Aspect of Ayurvedic, Siddha & Unani Indian Traditional Medicines in India .

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TRADITIONAL HEALTH KNOWLEDGE SYSTEM OF INDIA * Rich biodiversity,one of the Richest medicinal plants verdure *     Long history of customary utilization of medicinal plants  & wellbeing rehearses e.g., Ayurveda (5,000 B.C.) * Codified recorded frameworks like Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani & Yoga

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DEPARTMENT OF AYUSH Following Systems are perceived by the Government under Indian Systems of Medicine & Homeopathy AYURVEDA SIDDHA UNANI YOGA NATUROPATHY Homeopathy *Yoga & Naturopathy are drugless treatments.

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INFRASTRUCTURE OF INDIAN SYSTEMS OF MEDICINE (a) Number of universities (i) U.G. = 452 (ii) P.G. = 100 (b) Admission limit per annum (i) U.G. level = 23,280 (ii) P.G. level = 2001 (c) Number of enlisted experts = 6,88,802 (d) Number of doctor's facilities = 3,841 (e) Number of beds in healing facilities = 65,753 (f) Number of Dispensaries = 20811 (g) Number of Drug Manufacturing Units = 9,832

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SYSTEM-WISE INFRASTRUCTURE FOR INDIAN SYSTEMS OF MEDICINE Medical Colleges Registered Pharmacies Systems Under Post Practitioners Licensed Graduate by Drug Control Authorities Ayurveda 219 58* 4,30,890 8,386 Unani 36 08 43,108 453 Siddha 06 02 17,097 384 Homeopathy 185 32 1,97,252 609 Yoga & Naturopathy 06 455 TOTAL : 452 100 6,88,802 9,832 Admission 23,280 2,001 limit

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CENTRAL INSTITUTIONS OF AYUSH Research Councils Central Council for Research in Ayurveda and Siddha (CCRAS) Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy(CCRH) Central Council for Research in Unani (CCRUM) Central Council for Research in Yoga & Naturopathy (CCRY&N)

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CENTRAL INSTITUTIONS OF AYUSH National Institutes National Institute of Ayurveda , Jaipur National Institute of Homeopathy, Kolkata National Institute of Siddha, Chennai National Institute of Unani, Banglore National Institute of Naturopathy, Pune MD National Institute of Yoga, New Delhi National Academy of Ayurveda (RAV)

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STATUTORY REGULATORY BODIES AND ACTS ON AYURVEDA For training and practice : Central Council of Indian Medicine for Ayurveda, Siddha & Unani prescription built up through an Act of Parliament in 1970 ( CCIM) Objectives are to * Regulate the gauges of Education * Registration of Practitioners *Code of Medical Ethics For medication direction : Indian Drugs & Cosmetics Act & Rules

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COURSES OF STUDY FOR AYURVEDA Graduation *B.A.M.S. 5 - 1/2 years Post graduation *M.D./M.S (Ayurveda) 3 years (16 claims to fame) Post doctorate Ph.D. (Ayurveda) (Minimum 2 years) Membership Course MRAV 2 years (Member of Rashtriya Ayurved Vidyapeeth) Short & Mid term Certificate or 2 months to Courses Diploma 2 years Courses perceived by Central Council of Indian Medicine

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Registration of Practitioners 1. Registration with State Boards of AYURVEDA 2. Registration with Central Council (CCIM) 3. Only Institutionally qualified specialists are qualified after 1970 For enlistment as Ayurveda expert

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Course substance of Degree Courses of Ayurveda (5.5 years) First expert (1.5 years) Fundamentals of Ayurveda, Anatomy, Physiology, history of pharmaceutical, social and preventive medication. Second proficient (1.5 years) Materia medica/Medicinal plants, pharmaceutical, toxicology and law. Third expert (1.5 years) Gynecology & Obstetrics, Pediatrics, Internal medication, surgery, eye & ENT. One year temporary position in healing facility B.A.M.S. Degree course additionally contains 30% allopathic segments.

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DRUG STANDARDIZATION & QUALITY CONTROL Outline of the presentation Raw material supply and quality Pharmacy training Drug Acts and administrative issues Pharmacopeias, Formularies and Quality principles Good Manufacturing Practices & Good Laboratory Practices Essential Drug Lists distributed Infrastructure & Export of Ayurvedic Products

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Material Source of Ayurvedic Medicines Plants and their parts = around 1000 Nos. Minerals = 58 Nos. Results of creature and marine starting point = 54 Nos. *95% elements of Ayurvedic items are of plant beginning

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NATIONAL MEDICINAL PLANTS BOARD National Medicinal Plants Board and 30 State/U.T. Therapeutic Plants Boards have been set up to give quality crude material to readiness of medications by guaranteeing: - (a) Survey and inventorization of restorative plants, (b) In-situ protection and ex-situ development of therapeutic plants, (c) Production of value planting material, Contd… .

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NATIONAL MEDICINAL PLANTS BOARD contd … . Making and creating framework with the end goal of significant worth expansion, stockpiling & pressing of medications fitting in with global models, Research & Development in therapeutic plants division, Scientific, innovative and financial research on restorative plants, Develop appropriate gathering methods, semi-handling of produces viz., accumulation, evaluating, drying, capacity, pressing and so on. Need Plants List - 60 Nos. Territory under ex-situ development - 25,000 hectares

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PHARMACY EDUCATION IN AYURVEDA 1. Five and half year B.A.M.S. course contains, 1 ½ year program on Dravyaguna & Ras Shastra i.e., Medicinal Plants, Materia Medica, Pharmaceuticals/Drug Manufacturing and so on which is crucial for all ISM specialists 2. M.D.(Ayu.) – Dravyaguna (Medicinal Plants), Ras Shastra, Bhaishajya Kalpana (Ayu. Drug store)

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PHARMACY EDUCATION IN AYURVEDA contd… . 2 years Diploma Course (D. Pharma) Ayurved at Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar 4 year Degree Course (B. Drug store) Ayu. at Gujarat Ayurved University M. Pharma (Ayu.) at Gujarat Ayurved University M.Sc./M.S. (Conventional Medicine Pharmaceuticals) at National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education & Research, Mohali Pharmacy Council for ISM is under thought by a demonstration of Parliament

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QUALITY CONTROL OF AYURVEDIC DRUGS Indian Drugs & Cosmetics Act & Rules there under - Drugs & Cosmetics Act and Drugs & Cosmetics Rules Chapter (IVA) manages Ayurvedic prescriptions. Segment 33-C alludes to ASUDTAB Ayurveda-Siddha-Unani Drug Technical Advisory Board under Drugs & Cosmetics Act, for Indian Systems of Medicines to exhort Government on all perspectives identified with quality control and medication institutionalization Ayurveda-Siddha-Unani Drugs Consultative Committee containing State Drugs Licensing Authorities set up under the Act for securing consistency in the organization of the Act all through India

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IMPORTANT PROVISIONS OF INDIAN DRUGS & COSMETICS ACT * Regulation of fabricate available to be purchased of Ayurvedic tranquilizes through medication producing permit framework. * Prohibition of make and offer of certain drugs . * Power of Central Government to deny produce and so forth of medications out in the open intrigue. * Provision for Government Drug Analysts . * Provision for Inspectors to visit industrial facility. contd...

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IMPORTANT PROVISIONS OF INDIAN DRUGS & COSMETICS ACT RELATING TO AYURVEDIC MEDICINES * Penalty for fabricate , deal and so forth., of medications in contravention of the Act. * Penalty for resulting offenses. Recommend capabilities and obligations of the Government Analysts . Endorse strategies for testing and examination. To set up Laboratories for Testing and Analysis of Drugs. Plan - E of Drug Act endorse rundown of   poisonous material utilized as a part of ASU medications require extraordinary protections contd… .

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IMPORTANT PROVISIONS OF INDIAN DRUGS & COSMETICS ACT RELATING TO AYURVEDIC MEDICINES contd… .. - Describe misbranded, defiled and spurious medications for corrective activity (fine/detainment) - Power of Central Government to make Rules under the Act - Schedule-T, Prescribe Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP ) - Labeling/pressing arrangements for local use and additionally send out - Rule 160-A Recognize open, private Drug Testing Laboratories for test examination - Guidelines of Good Laboratory Practices(GLP)

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PHARMACOPOEIAL & TESTING FACILITIES FOR AYURVEDIC DRUGS 1. Pharmacopoeial Laboratory for Indian Medicine (PLIM) set up in 1970 & 20 different labs (For developing Pharmacopoeial Standards of Ayurveda drugs) 2. 21 State Drug Testing Laboratories for Ayurvedic drugs bolstered in states 3. College/Council for Scientific & Industrial Reseach and other National Laboratories are related for pharmacopoeial work

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AYURVEDIC & SIDDHA Pharmacopeia COMMITTEES · Ayurvedic and Siddha Pharmacopeia Committees for advancing diverse Pharmacopoeial Standards

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Pharmacopeia AND FORMULARIES: 1. Ayurvedic Pharmacopeia of India – 4 volumes (326 drugs). Volume V containing another 100 monographs is under distribution 2. Ayurvedic Formulary of India – 2 volumes (636 plans) 3. National Siddha Formulary of India – 1 volume (248 plans) 4. Unani Pharmacopeia of India – 1 volume (45 drugs) 5. National Unani Formulary of India – 3 volumes (746 details ) 6. Homeop