European Doctorate on Migration, Diversity and Identities Intensive Summer program 2008

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Your Research. What social gatherings would you say you are concentrating on?. Sorts of Cultural Groups. Social gatherings in plural social orders

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European Doctorate on Migration, Diversity and Identities Intensive Summer program 2008 Acculturation and Migrant Adaptation Dermot Ryan 22 June 2008

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Your Research What social gatherings would you say you are examining?

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Types of Cultural Groups Cultural gatherings in plural social orders – 3 elements: Mobility (stationary versus transient) Voluntariness (constrained versus deliberate) Permanence (impermanent versus perpetual)

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Intercultural Contact and Change Have you had contact with different societies? How have you changed because of this contact?

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Acculturation  mental changes that people involvement because of contact with different societies Acculturative anxiety  unpleasant encounters established in intercultural contact

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Acculturation Strategies (Berry, 1997) Is it of significant worth to keep up my social personality and qualities? Is it of significant worth to have associations with other social gatherings?

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Acculturation Strategies

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Acculturation Strategies

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Acculturation Strategies

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Acculturation Strategies

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Acculturation Strategies

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Acculturation Strategies

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Acculturation Strategies Assimilation  Embrace have culture/lose culture of beginning Integration  Embrace have culture/keep up culture of root Separation  Maintain culture of starting point/dismiss have culture Marginalization  Lose culture of inception/reject have culture

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Acculturation Strategies Assimilation  Embrace have culture/lose culture of cause Integration  Embrace have culture/keep up culture of source (  best mental results) Separation  Maintain culture of birthplace/reject have culture Marginalization  Lose culture of starting point/dismiss have culture (  most noticeably bad mental results)

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Strategies of Larger Society

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Strategies of Larger Society

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Strategies of Larger Society

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Strategies of Larger Society

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Strategies of Larger Society

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Criticisms of Acculturation Research Persons not aware of their ethnic character Overculturalisation of adjustment process Personal versus situational variables Shifts center from rights to mental issues

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Your Research What are the results of enthusiasm for your examination?

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Migrant Adaptation Outcomes Psychological adjustment Sociocultural adjustment Economic adjustment

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Class Exercise

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Migrant Adaptation Needs Resources Goals Demands

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Constraints Needs Resources Goals Demands

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Migrant Adaptation Defined T he prepare through which people try to fulfill their necessities , seek after their objectives and oversee requests experienced subsequent to moving to another general public

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Temporal Phases Pre-movement Migration or "flight" Post-relocation

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Needs Physiological  nourishment, water, shield, temperature control Psychological  security, feeling of having a place, feeling regarded and needed, participate in significant exercises, have objectives worth taking a stab at

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Goals  individual strivings identified with different part spaces (family, profession, self-advancement and so forth.) Some cover with necessities however individual objectives not as firmly identified with survival Goals can be supplanted, blocked or lost

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Demands  circumstances which require preparation of assets Demands can get to be distinctly upsetting when  (1) risk of asset misfortune (2) genuine asset misfortune (3) asset venture neglects to give expected return (Hobfoll, 1998) Some requests are characteristically unpleasant

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Resources  implies by which people fulfill needs, seek after objectives and oversee requests Personal assets Material assets Social assets Cultural assets

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Personal Resources Physical  wellbeing, versatility, vitality, physical allure Psychological  abilities (critical thinking aptitudes, social abilities) and attributes (self-regard, good faith, self-viability)

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Material Resources Money Paid business Accommodation/Property Tools and apparatus Means of transport

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Social Resources Beneficial parts of social connections Sense of association and (ethnic) character Social support (enthusiastic, substantial, enlightening) Desired social contact Protective against forlornness, social disengagement, personality perplexity

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Cultural Resources Skills, information and convictions learned in a specific social setting and whose versatile esteem is regularly identified with their being utilized in such a setting or a comparative one

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Cultural Resources contd. Social abilities  dialect capability, proficiency, instruction, word related aptitudes, PC aptitudes Cultural learning  incorporates information of frameworks and administrations (banks, open transport) Cultural convictions  shared religious or philosophical frameworks that give people a feeling of importance

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Constraints can work on utilization of assets as of now in vagrant's asset pool or on probability of increasing new assets in host condition

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Types of Constraints (Lazarus & Folkman, 1984) Personal limitations  disguised social qualities and convictions that restrict certain activities Environmental requirements  hindering of access to assets by organizations

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Migrant Adaptation Outcomes Negative results Unmet needs Loss or obstructing of objectives Unmanageable levels of requests Positive results Satisfaction of necessities Pursuit of objectives Effective administration of requests

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Practical Implications of Resource-Based Model Identification of hazard gatherings who encounter most trouble in picking up or preserving assets Persons low on assets on landing Prevention of " asset misfortune spirals " (Hobfoll, 1998) Facilitation of access to key assets and " asset troops " (in the same place.)

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Gender and Pre-Migration Environment Resources  guys have more access to training, word related preparing, cash Stressful Demands  high presentation to sexual viciousness among female settlers

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Gender and Post-Migration Environment Females confront extra imperatives in getting to key assets in host condition Cultural limitations established in conventional patriarchal belief systems and family structures Greater caregiving load Greater effect on females of loss of interpersonal organization and family division

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Key Factors in Migrant Adaptation Age Gender National or ethnic root (social separation) Family status Legal status Host Language Proficiency Length of stay Access to business/training Access to social bolster Host society dispositions

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Recommended Readings Berry, J. W. et al. (2002). Diverse brain science: Research and applications . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. See Chapter 13 . Ryan, D. et al. (2008). Hypothetical viewpoints on post-relocation adjustment and mental prosperity. Diary of Refugee Studies, 21 , 1–18 . Suárez-Orozco, C., & Suárez-Orozco, M.M. (2001). Offspring of migration . Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Ward, C. et al. (2001). The brain research of culture stun (2 nd ed.). Hove, East Sussex: Routledge.

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Critique of Four-Part Acculturation Model Rudmin, F.W. (2003). Basic history of the cultural assimilation brain research of absorption, partition, combination, and minimization. Audit of General Psychology, 7 , 3–37.

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Readings on Stress Theory Hobfoll, S.E. (2001). The impact of culture, group, and the settled self in the anxiety procedure: Advancing preservation of assets hypothesis. Connected Psychology: An International Review , 50 , 337-421. Hobfoll, S.E. (1998). Stress, culture, and group: The brain research and reasoning of stress . New York: Plenum. Lazarus, R.S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, examination, and adapting . New York: Springer.

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Thank you!