Ergonomics Awareness Education

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Ergonomics Awareness Education For representatives and directors

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By the end of this presentation you will have the capacity to: Define ergonomics and its advantages Identify parts of the body that get harmed at work Identify work exercises that can prompt to damage

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By the end of this presentation you will have the capacity to: List cases of ergonomic rule that diminish danger of harm Participate in your organization's ergonomic endeavors Recognize and report signs and manifestations of damage early

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Introduction Definition of ergonomics Benefits of ergonomics

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You can have vital influence You can: Find any issues in your occupation Find answers for these issues Make beyond any doubt the arrangements work

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Ergonomics… … is the science and routine of planning employments and working environments to coordinate the abilities and restrictions of the human body. Ergonomics signifies "fitting the occupation to the laborer"

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Ergonomics at Work Risk of damage - Heavy lifting Cart decreases chance

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Benefits of Ergonomics counteracts wounds Ergonomics has different advantages Improved nature of work Improved personal satisfaction Reduced weariness and uneasiness

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Injuries and hazard components What are W ork-related M usculo-S keletal D isorders ( WMSDs )? Normal sorts and side effects of harm Causes and aversion of damage

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What are Work-related Musculo-Skeletal Disorders (WMSDs)? WMSDs are otherwise called: Cumulative Trauma Disorders (CTDs) Repetitive Strain Injuries (RSIs) Overuse wounds They are delicate tissue wounds which happen step by step

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WMSDs are word related disarranges of the delicate tissues: muscles ligaments tendons joints veins nerves

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What causes WMSDs? Substantial, Frequent, or Awkward Lifting Pushing, Pulling or Carrying Loads Working in Awkward Postures Hand Intensive Work

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Risk Factors Risk of harm relies on: Duration of introduction Frequency of presentation Intensity of presentation Combinations of hazard components (to what extent) regularly (how regularly) regularly MUCH) (how +++

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Duration – You generally require hours of presentation before hazard elements turn into a worry Exposure can be all at one time or total throughout the day

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Frequency is frequently a worry in: gathering errands sorting assignments stacking or off-stacking materials reviewing items item stocking programming telemarketing client benefit

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Intensity alludes to: weight in pounds of things lifted or conveyed grasp or squeeze constrain of lifted or controlled things vibration level (meters/second 2 ) drive on keys when writing

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Combinations of hazard variables Exposure to more than one hazard calculate at once enormously builds the danger of damage. For instance: Bending and turning while lifting Repetitive, compelling utilization of the hands with the wrists twisted

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Risk variables for WMSDs Heavy, visit or ungainly lifting

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Heavy lifting

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Frequent Lifting more than twice every moment

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Awkward Lifting over the shoulders, beneath the knees, or at a careful distance

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Alternatives to lifting Use trucks, hand trucks, cranes, transports or other mechanical help Slide protests as opposed to lifting them Store overwhelming things where you won't need to twist or reach to lift them Use steps to get things down from high retires

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Ergonomics at Work - Reducing truly difficult work Mechanical help Height-customizable stage permits substantial box to be slid crosswise over

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Ergonomics at Work - Reducing unbalanced lifting Mini-bed for hand truck Allows hand truck to slide under heap of containers without having to restack them

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Risk elements for WMSDs Awkward stances

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Neutral Posture – The inverse of clumsy stance Standing impartial stance Seated nonpartisan stance

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Awkward stances happen when the work is: Too high Too low Too far away

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Awkward Postures - Low work Bending Kneeling Squatting These stances are challenging for the back and the knees

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Reducing low work Raise as well as tilt the work for better get to Use a stool for ground level work Use apparatuses with longer handles Alternate between bowing, stooping, sitting, and crouching

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Raise and tilt the work Ergonomics at Work - Reducing low work

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Raise the work Ergonomics at Work - Reducing low work

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Ergonomics at Work - Reducing low work Meter peruser – golf club handle expansion

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Awkward Postures - High work This stance is no picnic for the shoulders, neck and back

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Reducing high work Use a hoisted work stage or moving stairs Use devices with longer handles Limit overhead stockpiling to rarely utilized things Bring the work down and tilt for less demanding access

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Use a device with longer handles Ergonomics at Work - Reducing high work

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Ergonomics at Work - Reducing high work Fixture lift for overhead establishments

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Awkward Postures - Reaching This stance is no picnic for the arms, bears, and back

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Reducing Reaching Keep things inside close achieve (d esign achieve separate for the most limited laborer) Remove snags Use gravity nourish racks

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Ergonomics at Work - Reducing achieving Tilt table for sanding

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Risk elements for WMSDs Hand Intensive Work

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Hand Intensive Work Repetitive movements Gripping Pinching Bent wrists

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Hand Intensive Work – Highly redundant movement

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Reducing reiteration Arrange work to evade pointless movements Let control devices and hardware take the necessary steps Spread dull work out amid the day Take extend stops Rotate errand with collaborators if conceivable Change hands or movements as often as could be expected

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Ergonomics at Work - Reducing redundancy Use control instruments

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Hand Intensive Work – Gripping and Pinching A power grasp is 5 times more grounded than a squeeze grasp = 10 lbs 2 lbs

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Hand Intensive Work – Gripping

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Hand Intensive Work – Pinching with the fingertips

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Other components Your hold quality declines when you: Bend your wrists Pick up tricky things Wear inadequately fitting gloves Have cool hands

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Reduce hold constrain Grip with the entire hand, not only the fingertips Pick up littler burdens Use trucks or handtrucks as opposed to conveying Keep devices in great working request Use lighter devices or device balancers Use two hands Keep your wrists straight

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Avoid squeeze grasps Pick questions up from the base utilizing entire hand Attach handles or utilize lift devices Build up handles on little devices to lessen grasp drive

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Avoid clutching objects for long stretches Use clasps to clutch work Place things on trucks as opposed to conveying them Put down a device when not really utilizing it

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Ergonomics at Work - Reducing grasping Tool Balancer

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Ergonomics at Work - Reducing grasping Use a clip or tight clamp to hold parts

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Ergonomics at Work - Reducing squeezing Change squeezing to grasping Add-on handle additionally diminishes bowing to get pots

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Hand Intensive Work – Bent Wrists

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Tool utilize illustration Use devices that let you keep your wrist straight Working with bowed wrists diminishes grasp quality

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Ergonomics at Work - Reducing bowed wrists Re-situate the work

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Risk of damage goes up as you consolidate elements Hand Intensive Work – Combinations Repetition + Gripping or Pinching + Bent wrists Repetition + Gripping or Pinching Repetition Risk

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Intensive scratching

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Reducing concentrated scratching Use macros for normal capacities Spread console work for the duration of the day Take extend delays Improve your stance and move around however much as would be prudent

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Risk elements for WMSDs Vibration

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Vibration High vibration Moderate vibration

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Reducing vibration Use low vibration devices if accessible Maintain devices Use hostile to vibration gloves or device wraps Keep hands warm

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Risk elements for WMSDs Repeated effects

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Repeated effects Using the hand or knee as a sledge

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Avoiding rehashed impacts Use devices rather than your hand or knee

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What you can do: Recognize and report side effects Get included in ergonomics

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Discomfort Pain Numbness Tingling What are a portion of the side effects of WMSDs? Smoldering Swelling Change in shading Tightness, loss of adaptability

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Recognize and report side effects Report side effects if: Pain is industrious, extreme or compounding Pain emanates Symptoms incorporate deadness or shivering Symptoms keep you from resting during the evening

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Why is it essential to report side effects? Minor wounds can without much of a stretch get to be perpetual wounds and can now and again prompt to handicap, even surgery Early treatment is more fruitful

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Getting included Look at employments Come up with arrangements Work with arrangements Take part in preparing Take duty regarding changing the way you carry out your occupation Help to attempt beyond any doubt endeavors are effective

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Five key focuses to recall Ergonomics can help you on your employment WMSDs can happen in occupations with hazard components Risk elements can be lessened and WMSDs counteracted Reporting indications early is critical You can help your organization set up ergonomics changes

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Other variants of this preparation An on-line video of this preparation is accessible at: http://www.lni.wa.gov/Safety/TrainTools/Videos/Library/catalog.asp?VideoID=V0924 You can likewise look at a DVD of the mindfulness instruction from our video library: http://www.lni.wa.gov/Safety/TrainTools/Videos/Library/default.asp An entertaining form of the video is additionally on YouTube – www.youtube.com (scan for Dr. Consequently) .:tslidesep

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