Enhancing the Life Cycle Administration of Printing and Imaging Gear

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Government Market Trends. Acquiring Trends* Continued buys of low-end desktop gear ... More on vitality patterns and effects later in the presentation...

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Enhancing the Life Cycle Management of Printing and Imaging Equipment December 7, 2006

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An Overview Federal Market Trends Costs Business Environmental Improving the Life Cycle Management of Printing & Imaging Equipment Purchase Green Maintain/Operate Green End Green Questions and Answers Resources to Help You

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Copiers Printers Fax Machines Scanners Multi Function Devices Printing & Imaging Equipment

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Business 24% Business 19% Government 5% Commercial 30% Commercial 32% Government 3% Education 6% Education 3% Residential 40% Residential 38% 2000 2005 Printing & Imaging Equipment Market Share by Sector* * Based on research by Gartner Group led for ENERGY STAR®

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Printing & Imaging Equipment Shipped in 2005 By Sector* (in millions) * Based on research by Gartner Group directed for ENERGY STAR®. Numbers for Year 2005 are projections in light of 2000 numbers

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Federal Market Trends Purchasing Trends* Continued buys of low-end desktop gear However, numerous offices are moving towards techniques that view and regard printing as an oversaw benefit as opposed to a hardware purchase * Federal Strategic Sourcing Initiative Copier/Printer Commodity Team, October 2006

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Supplies or "Consumables" Associated with Printing & Imaging Equipment Paper Toner Drum units Ink Cartridges Maintenance Kits

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Costs Printers, the provisions connected with them and the bolster required to keep them working speak to 5 percent of the commonplace IT budget* Yet, few system administrators and IT offices track printing costs at all* Printing seen as a low-tech, item based a portion of IT** Printing was relied upon to blur in significance as the advanced age developed and the 'paperless office' took over** - paper utilization demonstrates this has not been the situation Purchase of printing supplies are frequently done by another office * Calculating the True Cost of Printing, see http://www.hp.com/cgi-canister/sbso/printable_oov.cgi ** See http://www.information-age.com/article/2006/february/hard_copy

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Costs (Continued) Organizations that effectively deal with their printing frameworks remain to lessen their general cost of printing by up to a third* Typically, 1/3 of calls to IT helpdesks are print-related, going from paper sticks and purge cartridges to IT-particular issues, for example, wrong printer drivers introduced on PCs* Efforts by a few offices towards oversaw print administrations, cost-per-duplicate administration contracts and comparable methodologies mirror a vital choice to control their printed version costs * See http://www.information-age.com/article/2006/february/hard_copy

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Environmental Impacts: The Other Cost Indoor Air Pollution coming about because of hardware outflows Ozone Dust VOCs Hazardous substances contained in segments The essential ecological effects from printing and imaging hardware over their life cycle originate from vitality utilize and the related consumables

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Energy Impacts There are 275 million imaging gear items being used in the US today, expending $3.6 billion in vitality every year ($2.4 billion for US organizations and $1.2 billion for US customers) Imaging hardware represents 2% of US power utilize More on vitality patterns and effects later in the presentation…

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Consumables Have Multiple Environmental Impacts PAPER: Resource Intensive 10,000 sheets for each office laborer/year The full cost can surpass the underlying cost by as much as 10 times Almost 8 cartridges are discarded each second in the United States

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Improving the Life Cycle Management of Printing & Imaging Equipment: Purchase Green Choose the right gear or administration to meet your association's useful needs whether it is through: Digital Copiers Multifunction Devices Leasing Cost-per-Copy Contracts "Right-estimating" decreases both the business and the natural expenses

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Improving the Life Cycle Management of Printing & Imaging Equipment: Purchase Green (Continued) Include natural considers your gear buy or renting contracts, for example, Energy Consumption Indoor Air Quality Hazardous Substances Paper Use Recycled materials utilize and recyclability Minimal bundling End of life administration Remanufactured toner and inkjet cartridges See rundown of assets for cases of details utilized by different associations

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ENERGY STAR ® Imaging Equipment Specification Overview FEC Call, December 7, 2006 Katharine Kaplan, U.S. EPA

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Overview Energy Trends Energy Impacts Associated with Imaging Equipment Key ENERGY STAR Requirements for Imaging Equipment Savings Estimates for Revised Requirements Tier II and Collaboration with Partners

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Trend: Rising Energy Costs Average yearly family unit service bills have expanded 48% since 1980. Power costs keep on rising, with a few utilities asking for rate increments of at least 35%. Spending on power is the most noteworthy share of aggregate buyer spending since the Energy Crisis of 2000.

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Worldwide Energy Demand to Grow half by 2030 Demand driven by populace and monetary development Population development from 6.2 to 8 billion by 2030 80% of interest from non-OECD nations Oil, gas and coal will in any case rule Fossil energizes will represent 85% of the expansion in world essential request Worldwide regular gas utilization copies by 2030 – suggestions for coal Worldwide power request duplicates by 2030 Mostly in creating nations By 2030, control era represents about portion of world normal gas utilization Projected market patterns raise significant concerns Increased defenselessness to supply disturbances Rising CO2 emanations Huge vitality venture expected to meet requests and discharge prerequisites Source: International Energy Agency, World Energy Outlook , 2004

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Trend: Growing U.S. Vitality Consumption Electricity devoured by the run of the mill American family has m mineral than multiplied since 1980 Expected to rise another 20% by 2015. Various utilization rapidly expanding Largest part of random is gadgets items By 2015, hardware will involve 18% of home power request.

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Typical Energy Consumption of Home Office Systems Note: Refrigerator in view of top mounted model with auto defrost, 2001 standard model, from LBNL examination. Television utilization figured from CNET control information.

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Key Requirements ENERGY STAR for Imaging Equipment-History ENERGY STAR determination for printers in 1993. By 1997 , scope for fax machines, copiers, multifunction gadgets (MFDs), and scanners. Tended to low-control modes (e.g., rest or off) and default defer times to low-control modes. Imaging gear determination update started in 2003.

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Key Requirements ENERGY STAR for Imaging Equipment-Goals Continued market separation Consideration of dynamic mode utilization Changes in innovation and markets One umbrella particular with reliable terms Harmonization among associations Relevance and life span Simplicity Universality

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Key Requirements ENERGY STAR for Imaging Equipment-Features Product Categories Covered: copiers, fax machines, mailing machines, multifunction gadgets, printers, scanners Two Approaches: Typical Electricity Consumption (TEC) Looks at full obligation cycle for standard-sized EP copiers, multifunction gadgets, and printers Figure for the run of the mill week by week power an item may use in all modes-duplexing, pm req Operational Mode (OM) Focuses on item vitality utilization in different low-control modes (i.e., rest and standby) for items, for example, ink planes and extensive arrangement gadgets in view of femp, pm req Accessories: 1) EPS: Imaging items with EPS must utilize ENERGY STAR qualified models or equal; 2) Digital Front Ends must meet ENERGY STAR PC detail.

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Key Requirements ENERGY STAR for Imaging Equipment-More on TEC Covers all states and exercises Reasonably reflects common use and gives a strategy for positioning Provides a motivating force to minimize low-control mode utilization Rewards comparable advance in dynamic and prepared Allows for adaptability

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The TEC Measurement Procedure

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Duplexing Requirements

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Savings Estimates for Revised Specification For the first run through, through TEC, ENERGY STAR will address dynamic and prepared modes According to a 2004 Danish Energy Authority study, roughly 70% of the yearly power utilization of EP office items happens in the item's prepared mode, in this manner, ENERGY STAR will catch exceptional reserve funds for these items US purchasers will spare more than $13 billion throughout the following five years and evade nursery gas emanations equal to the discharges of more than four million autos.

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Incremental Carbon Benefit of Imaging Specification

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Incremental Monetary Benefit of Imaging Specification

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Tier II and Collaboration with Partners Begin take a shot at extent of Tier II in mid 2007. Consider extra producer information taking after the successful date of Tier I, to decide how these criteria might be reconsidered to achieve 25% capability rate. Draw in partners being developed of Tier II in fall of 2007. All invested individuals welcome to take part. Level II is planned to become effective on April 1, 2009.

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Contact For more data : Katharine Kaplan, U.S. EPA, kaplan.katharine@epa.gov (202) 343-9120 http://www.energystar.gov/items (scan for item improvement chronicles to discover all archives significant to the modified Imaging Equipment detail)

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Examples of Partner Actions: Purchase Green Environmental necessities in Interior's printer contract (Catherine Cesnik, The Department of the Interior) Leasing Environmental Copiers (