EmComm Overview Introduction to Emergency Communications Compiled by Steve Hilberg, N9XDC EC, ARES of Champaign Count

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EmComm Overview – Introduction to Emergency Communications Compiled by Steve Hilberg, N9XDC EC, ARES ® of Champaign County, IL January 2006

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Emergency Communications

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Foundation Attitude Training Preparedness

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Attitude During crises, your insight in crisis correspondences is not really as essential as your state of mind!

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Attitude Commitment to help other people We are giving an administration Commitment to the preparation that will empower you to carry out the occupation Willingness to invest the energy important to prepare and react

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Attitude Our motivation is NOT to showcase the marvels of novice radio Let your demeanor and your activities represent themselves

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RACES Specially assigned FCC-authorized RACES stations Amateur Radio administrators enrolled with common guard/crisis administration associations as a pool of group volunteers approved to work in the RACES benefit upon an affirmation of a crisis by common barrier powers.

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RACES Operate under FCC Part 97.407 in the occasion the President summoned a crisis under the War Emergency Powers of 1934 Only RACES stations may speak with different RACES stations Cannot start RACES operations until particularly approved by the common resistance association for the zone served Cannot start leading admonitory and preliminary nets before an enactment Cannot proceed with help operations after authority common barrier approval/operations has finished up

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RACES Limited to particular frequencies Drills and tests can't surpass one hour for every week Tests and penetrates might be led for a period not to surpass 72 hours close to twice in any schedule year

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ARES ® ARES administrators can start nets and operations in front of formal RACES actuations Can keep on operating giving alleviation, wellbeing and welfare correspondences after the formal RACES operations finish up

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ARES ® ARES may initiate for crises that don't require common protection/EMA reaction ARES can give open administration (i.e. non-crisis) correspondences ARES operations and structure give preparing openings that are not accessible to RACES

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ARES ® Pubic administration occasions give chances to practice collaboration, manufacture certainty, and enhance capacity to give crisis interchanges

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What We Need to Do To Become Better Emergency Communicators Education and preparing Needs to be a persistent procedure Become acquainted with crisis administration ideas Incident Command System (ICS) National Incident Management System (NIMS) Have satisfactory interchanges and bolster gear ("GO" pack)

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What We Need to Do Learn about crisis interchanges methods ARRL Emcomm courses Pat Lambert's (W0IPL) emcomm material Local preparing Learn about crisis interchanges hardware and modes Know and take after rules

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Emcomm Guidelines Formal activity Traffic for the benefit of a served office Pass precisely as composed Informal (strategic) movement Originated by administrator Think about what you are going to say before you key up the mic

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Emcomm Guidelines Be brief and succinct Use just data expected to pass on significance obviously and precisely Leave out superfluous words on the off chance that it won't change the importance Do not utilize withdrawals Slow down! Keep up a moderate measured pace If you feel you are talking too gradually, then you are most likely at the right pace Leave a 3 or 4 second break between transmissions

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Emcomm Guidelines Do not editorialize Do not excuse/shield your activities Leave it for the question LISTEN! Two-way correspondence requires tuning in. Utilize plain dialect No language, "Q" signs, or 10 codes

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Emcomm Guidelines Use standard ITU phonetics No cutesy stuff – keep up an expert aura Pronounce numbers as people "seven zero", not "seventy" Get all data required for formal composed movement Who, what, when, where

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Emcomm Guidelines Use strategic calls "Hello you, it's me." "Net Control, Checkpoint One" Use AR call sign at the finish of your transmission. This tells the other individual you are done with your correspondence

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A New Concept BREAK TAGS

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Break Tags another strategy for getting consideration and setting up message need Seven single word break labels Have been utilized with awesome accomplishment as a part of expansive open/crisis administrations nets

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Break Tags Operator utilizes the word determined as a Break Tag without a call sign. They are to be utilized just when the administrator's movement will be valued by net control and results in more effective correspondence. Message that takes after a break ought to be as short as would be prudent

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Break Tags Definitions and Use ANSWER To be utilized when you have the authoritative response to a question presently being examined broadcasting live QUESTION To be utilized when the approaching of a question can hardly wait For instance, utilize when the leader is remaining by you and asking for you to get data utilizing your radio

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Break Tags Definitions and Use INFO To be utilized when data should be transmitted quickly yet is not identified with what is being said reporting in real time for instance, if an occasion that net control needs to think about is going to happen in the following few moments or if sitting tight for the end of a trade will discredit the estimation of the data

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Break Tags Definitions and Use PRIORITY To be utilized to report an imperative however non-life debilitating circumstance, for example, a car crash that simply happened MEDICAL To be utilized to report a minor medicinal occurrence that influences the administrator somehow For instance, leaving his/her post for a couple of minutes to walk somebody with a minor slice over to a med tent

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Break Tags Definitions and Use EMERGENCY Only to be utilized to report a continuous life or property undermining or harming episode Your CALL SIGN A sign that the administrator has movement that can hold up and does not require the end of the progressing trade. This tag is a desire to be put on hold and in line for transmission