Electromagnetic Heartbeat (EMP) Infragard, Eugene, Oregon Eugene Open Security Center 8:30-9:30 AM, April 30th, 2009

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Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Infragard, Eugene, Oregon Eugene Public Safety Center 8:30-9:30 AM, April 30th, 2009 Joe St Sauver, Ph.D. (joe@uoregon.edu) http://www.uoregon.edu/~joe/infragard-2009/Notes: All assessments communicated in this discussion are entirely those of the creator.

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I. Presentation

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National Scale Threats, Including EMP "We have to get ready for a class of national scale fiascos that represent an altogether more prominent test than nearby or even provincial calamities, for example, Hurricane Katrina. Cases incorporate atomic EMP [Electromagnetic Pulse] and national scale pandemics. Such national scale debacles merit specific regard for readiness and recuperation since help from non-influenced areas of the country could be rare or non-existent. A noteworthy issue with such catastrophes is keeping up correspondence and transportation line network. Groups and locales get to be disengaged making it hard to keep up their survival." Proceedings of the 2006 Spring Research Symposium, Homeland Security: Engaging the Frontlines , Institute for Infrastructure and Information Assurance, James Madison University, in collaboration with the National Academies of Sciences Federal Facilities Council, IIIA Publication 07-02, "Developing Themes" area, segment 1, page 5 [emphasis added] www.jmu.edu/iiia/webdocs/symposiums/2006%20Proceedings.pdf , pdf pg. 11

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"What Is EMP?" We'll discuss electromagnetic heartbeat in more detail later in this discussion, however just to give you the one page synopsis form now… 1) Electromagnetic heartbeat impacts are created by the explosion of an atomic weapon at high heights (40 km or higher) 2) Electromagnetic heartbeat impacts can harm electronic gadgets (such as PCs) while additionally harming the power framework 3) A single EMP gadget at a sufficiently high elevation could bring about damage over a wide region (e.g., the whole West Coast or even the whole United States), I kid you not. 4) Electronics and electrical gear can be secured against the impacts of EMP with proper protecting and separating 5) Because the United States is vigorously reliant on PCs, computer systems, and the power framework, harm from EMP may be cataclysmic. 6) EMP-like impacts may likewise happen normally as the aftereffect of extreme sun spots and other extreme space climate.

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Authorities Have Been Trying To Warn Us About EMP-Related Risks Since no less than 1997 "EMP does not recognize military and regular citizen frameworks. Unhardended frameworks, for example, business control lattices, media communications systems, and registering frameworks, stay powerless against across the board blackouts and miracles because of HEMP. While DoD solidifies resources it esteems key, no similar common program exists. In this manner, the explosion of one or a couple of high-height atomic weapons could bring about crushing issues for the whole U.S. business infrastructure." Statement of Dr. George W. Ullrich, Deputy Director, Defense Special Weapons Agency, Threats Posed by Electromagnetic Pulse to U.S. Military Systems and Civilian Infrastructure , July 16, 1997, House Military Research & Development Subcommittee [emphasis added] http://www.fas.org/spp/starwars/congress/1997_h/h970716u.htm

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And Those Efforts Have Continued Over Time... Congressman Roscoe Bartlett, 2004: "On that day [that] the 9/11 Commission Report requested that our nation look in the back view reflect to discover why America neglected to keep that psychological oppressor assault, Congress was cautioned that we are defenseless and practically unprotected against an EMP assault that could harm or devastate regular citizen and military basic electronic frameworks, activating disastrous results that could bring about the changeless fall of our general public. " The Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attack investigated July 22, 2004 that "the present powerlessness of our basic frameworks can both welcome and reward a [EMP] assault if not adjusted. [continues on the following slide]

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" A solitary unsophisticated atomic rocket exploded at high height could create an EMP assault that harms or crushes electronic frameworks over the whole mainland United States . Satellites in low earth circle would likewise be harmed. A great many Americans could bite the dust from starvation and ailment as a backhanded outcome of an EMP assault that disturbs the frameworks for transportation, restorative administrations, nourishment and water. Be that as it may, the most critical finding of the EMP Commission is that this risk can be extraordinarily relieved at unassuming expense and in 3-5 years. "Responding to the EMP Commission report, The Wall Street Journal editorialized on August 12, 'Whatever we can say is, we trust somebody in Washington is paying attention.'" [emphasis added] Letter from Congressman Roscoe G. Bartlett, Ph.D. (R-MD) http://www.house.gov/hensarling/rsc/doc/Bartlett- - EMP.pdf

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Have We As a Nation Been Paying Attention To These Warnings? Tragically, no. The report of the Congressional Blue Ribbon EMP Commission* turned out an indistinguishable day from the Congressional 9/11 Commission report, so the discoveries of the EMP Commission seem to have to a great extent gotten "lost in the noise." after four years, while numerous key suggestions of the 9/11 Commission have been implemented,** the proposals of the EMP Commission have to a great extent been disregarded. Proof of this can be found in the way that most Americans don't think about EMP - they don't realize what EMP is, the means by which EMP happens, or how basic framework can be shielded from it. An April 2008 report from the Commission fared no better.*** * See www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/library/congress/2004_r/04-07-22emp.pdf ** http://homeland.house.gov/SiteDocuments/20070727182653-51415.pdf (URL wrapped because of length) *** http://www.empcommission.org/docs/A2473-EMP_Commission-7MB.pdf

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Why Hasn't The Government Worked to Harden Civilian Infrastructure Against The EMP Threat? A few people don't trust that electromagnetic heartbeat is a "dependable danger." For instance, in 1997, amid the Clinton time, General Robert T. Bog, Retired, Chairman of the President's Commission on Critical Infrastructure Protection expressed, "I don't see any confirmation that recommends abilities truly debilitating our basic foundation. [...] There are numerous less demanding, not so much exorbitant, but rather more emotional courses for fear mongers to utilize atomic weapons than conveyance to a high elevation. Such an occasion is so impossible and hard to accomplish that I don't trust it warrants genuine worry right now. The organization's approach is to counteract expansion and unapproved get to." http://www.fas.org/spp/starwars/congress/1997_h/has197010_1.htm

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So If You Were A Rogue Nuclear State Or A Nuclear Terrorist, How Would You Use A Nuclear Weapon? On the off chance that you had only maybe a couple atomic weapons and needed to bring about greatest harm to the United States, how might you utilize them? Would you… - utilize that weapon against Washington DC? - utilize that weapon against some other significant city, for example, NYC? - utilize that weapon against one of our foes, trying to fuel a "retaliatory" atomic strike against the U.S. (despite the fact that the United States had no genuine association in the organized assault?) No, no and no. You'd utilize that atomic weapon to create EMP impacts.

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Experts Confirm That Assertion "If you had a couple or maybe one and only or two atomic weapons, you most likely would need to utilize them in the form which forces the biggest harm hope on the United States and its military powers. " If you are going to pursue the military powers and you just have a couple, by a wide margin and away the best way that you could conceivably utilize it is an EMP laydown. In the event that you were conflicting with the American progress itself, once more, the biggest harm you could hope to see by a long shot is that connected with EMP laydown. "As I said before, a vast laydown over the lower 48 States has a harm hope which can be figured in trillions of dollars. Not 10 trillion, but rather well over a trillion dollars. So what you get the most value for your atomic money out of, you get it out of most intensely harming your enemy in either the military sense or the feeling of regular citizen framework. EMP is the assault method of decision. " Dr. Lowell Wood, LLNL, Congressional Hearings on the Threat Posed by Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) to U.S. Military Systems and Civil Infrastructure, July 16, 1997, www.fas.org/spp/starwars/congress/1997_h/has197010_1.htm [emphasis added]

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Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) Report to the Defense Science Board (DSB) Task Force on Nuclear Weapon Effects Test, Evaluation, and Simulation, April 2005 http://www.acq.osd.mil/dsb/reports/2005-04-NWE_Report%20_Final.pdf at pdf pp. 121

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Foreign Entities Are Also Clear About Our EMP-Related Vulnerabilities Peter V. Pry composed: Chinese military compositions are loaded with references to the reliance of United States military strengths and regular citizen framework upon refined electronic frameworks, and to the potential defenselessness of those frameworks. For instance, consider this quote from an official daily paper of the PLA: "A few people may believe that things like the 'Pearl Harbor Incident' are probably not going to occur amid the data age. However it could be viewed as the 'Pearl Harbor Incident' of the 21st century if an amaze assault is led against the foe's vital data frameworks of summon, control, and interchanges by such means as... electromagnetic heartbeat weapons ....Even a superpower like the United States, which has atomic rockets and intense military, can't ensure its immunity...In their o