Egyptian Class Structure

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Egyptian Class Structure By Lexi MacGillivray, Brittany Edwards, and Scott Walker

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Table of Contents Introduction: The classes of Egypt Pharaohs, Government Officials, and Soldiers Scribes, Merchants, and Artisans Farmers Slavery Impact of Classes on Egypt and the World Conclusion: Summary

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The Classes of Egypt The Classes of Egypt can be spoken to by a pyramid:

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Class Structure of Egypt

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Pharaohs, Government Officials, and Soldiers The Pharaoh was the preeminent leader of Egypt. He held ownership of all the land, and was viewed as a divine being epitomized on the earth. No laws must be composed in light of the fact that every one of the orders that he talked were trailed by the Egyptians. Government authorities were the Pharaoh's counselors . T hello authorized laws, directed development of pyramids and tombs, satisfied the divine beings, discovered exchange openings and gathered charges. Troopers participated in fighting and exchange missions. Egypt's troopers helped by growing and increasing more domain.

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Scribes, Merchants, and Artisans Scribes: Recorded the deeds of the Pharaoh. This informed class kept record of provisions, had energy to satisfy obligations of viziers and could compose laws to uphold them. Traders: Referred to as Crafts individuals, dealers picked up cash contingent upon the measures of articles they would make and offer. They looked the same than average people in Egypt. Artisans: This class was a piece of the Egyptian average workers. In spite of the fact that they were not self supporting as far as agribusiness, they had to work for their nourishment.

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Farmers were key for Ancient Egyptian Economy The agriculturists gave nourishment to all classes, including the slaves that (obviously) took a shot at the Great Pyramid

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Farmers Cont. Agriculturists were a part of the lower classes, otherwise known as: The Working Class. Ranchers were on e of the classes that , when they fell on difficult times, sold themselves into subjection.

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Farmers Cont. Self supporting, the ranchers of antiquated Egypt depended on the subsiding floodwaters of the Nile. The flight of the water made new ripe soil that was perfect for farming. They collected their harvests (which were primarily grains) with primitive wooden furrows. Agriculturists were a definitive support of old Egyptian culture and are apparently the most vital class.

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Slavery in Egypt There were two sorts of slaves: Foreign and Domestic . Household slaves were Egyptian. They were for the most part treated better, and could likewise be liberated by their proprietors. Outside slaves were individuals who were caught in war and sold by Merchants

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Slavery in Egypt Cont. Residential slaves were for the most part individuals who fell on harsh times or were naturally introduced to servitude (their folks were slaves).

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Slavery in Egypt Cont. The Hebrew (Israelite) Slaves The conventional scriptural story expresses that the Hebrews were oppressed in Egypt for four hundred years. The Torah book of Exodus lets us know that the Hebrews left Egypt at the season of a pharaoh recognized as Rameses II. The Hebrews initially moved to Egypt because of a starvation in their local Canaan, and in the long run for all time settled there. The Pharaoh came to see their nearness as a risk to his Kingdom, so he subjugated them. The takeoff from Egypt (drove by Moses) is known as the Exodus and remains an essential occasion in Jewish history. The Hebrews then wound up at Mount Sinai where Moses got the Torah from G-d.

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Slavery in Egypt cont. Detainees of War The warrior lord Tuthmosis conveyed the New Kingdom to its most prominent degree by overcoming the whole Levant and setting up an outskirts on the upper Euphrates. In Africa, Egyptian power stretched out into Nubia as far south as Napata. Detainees of war either got to be slaves, or were constrained into Military administration.

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Impact of Classes on Egypt and the World The Egyptian classes, similar to all class structures, went about as the establishment of their general public. Each feature in the chain of importance played out a particular undertaking in their general public that helped its definitive achievement. In spite of the fact that we don't have Pharaohs and we don't keep slaves, we can look to antiquated Egypt for correlation with our own particular society and gain from their focal points and burdens .

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Conclusion Egyptian culture comprised of eight principle classes. The Pharaoh was the King of all and the slaves had nothing to their name. The Egyptian chain of command was fundamental for its general public to work effectively.

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Bibliography Morrison, Martha. Cocoa, Stephen F. Judaism: World Religions. Actualities on File. New York, NY. 1991. 13 Oct. 2006. Pg.87 Haywood, John. The Encyclopedia of Ancient Civilizations of the Near East and Mediterranean. ME Sharpe Inc. Armonk, NY. 1997. 13 Oct. 2006. Pg 456 Haberman, Arthur. Developments. Gage. Vancouver, Toronto, Halifax, Calgary, London. 1994. 18 Oct. 2006. McGraw Hill-Ryerson. Echoes From the Past: World History to the 16 th Century. McGraw Hill-Ryerson Limited. 2001. 18. Oct 2006.

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Discussion Questions Do you think the social chain of importance was compelling in Ancient Egyptian culture? On our progressive system we put the copyists underneath the warriors, however on a few pecking orders the recorders are over the troopers. Which do you accept is more right and why? Do you think the training gave to the high society gave them preference (more power) or do you trust all their energy was just in light of the fact that they were conceived with it? Which classes do you trust ascribed to the working of the Great Pyramid, and what number of slaves do you by and by accept helped with its development, if any ?