Edinboro University Course: Essential Computing CSCI104 Fall 2009 Lecture 5

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Edinboro University Course: Essential Computing CSCI104 Fall 2009 Lecture 5 Instructor: Stan Schuyler Contact: sschuyler@edinboro.edu voice: Ext. 1160

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Lecture 5 - Outline Start Windows Explorer Establish the "Sees" Find Your CS104 Folder Continuing with PC Architecture Lesson from Last Week Review Software Architecture Internals Networking Components Onward into Word Making Changes Complete Figures 3, 4 and 5, survey glue uncommon, resizing Quick Styles and Style Modification Lists and numbering as opposed to Heading levels Do Multi-level Heading Numbering Again

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For the individuals who were Absent For those being abandoned on the grounds that they were … !  Locate your CS104 envelope Make another Folder "Class4" (the one you were not here for!), and double tap to get in it. Go the Address Bar and enter the class site http://users.edinboro.edu/sschuyler Download to your Class3 envelope: lastname_Cls4Catchup.doc and lastname_Cls4Catchup.ppt Change "lastname" to your "lastname" Now go up one organizer level to your CS104 organizer Follow my Directions in class

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Getting the Notes to Start Today In your CS104 Section Folder and File Copying Locate your Class4 envelope Left snap it ONCE to choose it Click "Duplicate" on the Ribbon (or CTRL + "c" keys) Click "Glue on the Ribbon (or CTRL + "v" keys) Produces a "Duplicate of Class4" organizer Change the Name "Duplicate of Class4" Left snap it ONCE and hold up a one moment Then left snap it again to choose the Folder name content Change the Folder Name to "Class5" Double tap the Class5 envelope to open it

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Renaming the Files in your Class4 Folder File Name change Left snap once your lastname_Cls 4 Notes.doc Wait a moment and left snap again to highlight the name Change the name to lastname_Cls 5 Notes.doc Repeat for: lastname_Cls 4 Notes. ppt to lastname_Cls 5 Notes. ppt Open lastname_Cls5Notes.doc

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Where we cleared out off on PC Architecture State of lastname_Cls5Notes.ppt State of lastname_Cls5Notes.doc

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Software App #1 App #2 App #k Software and Applications I recommend you think about these as layers of a cake: Software (programs) keep running on figuring stages (Mainframe, Server, PC, or microcomputer, and so forth.) An Operating System ( OS ) is programming that runs straightforwardly on registering equipment and empowers Applications to utilize the elements of the equipment stage. An Application is programming that keeps running on an Operating System and empowers a client to finish an assignment OS Hardware

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Word IE Explorer Excel PowerPoint Software Layers and Components Windows XP 2003 Operating System (OS) Hardware Other OSs include: Vista, MAC OS, Unix, Linux

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Inside the PC – The "Nuclear Units" All PCs depend on the double number framework "paired" means 2 values "off" or "on": zero or one A bit or twofold digit is the littlest unit of memory has one of two qualities: 0 or 1 A byte is the littlest addressable unit of memory Contains 8 bits Can hold values from 0 to 256 (or 2 8 ) Values can be deciphered as numbers or as characters Can be gathered to shape bigger units of memory On Off

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Inside the PC Characters are put away as numeric qualities called "codes" The codes were institutionalized by the American Nat'l Std.s Institute (ANSI) The standard codes were known as the "American Standard Code for Information Interchange" or ASCII accommodates 256 (or 2 8 ) characters (the quantity of qualities a byte can hold) 01000001 – A 01000010 – B and so forth. Incorporates codes for: upper versus bring down case letter, digits, accentuation, and unique characters

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Computer Memory Measured in bytes 1 Kilobyte = 2 10 characters (~1,000 bytes, really 1024) 1 Megabyte = 2 20 characters (~1,000,000 bytes) 1 Gigabyte = 2 30 characters (~1,000,000,000 bytes) 1 Terabyte = 2 40 characters (~1,000,000,000,000 bytes) Two Types: ROM – Read Only Memory (holds values without power) RAM – Random Access Memory (loses values without power) FLASH – slower RAM that holds values without power (Jump Drives) The Original PC had 16KB of RAM memory Today's PCs Need 512 MB or 1 GB of RAM Keep different projects & information documents in memory Graphic-concentrated projects request a ton of memory Transient (deleted when power killed or comes up short) Consider an UPS (continuous power supply)

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Other Input Devices - The Digital Camera Image Memory is estimated regarding "Picture Elements" A Picture Element is known as a " pixel " A pixel is a dab (purpose of light) in a picture A pixel is the littlest unit of picture that can be tended to (killed on or) A pixel may have at least 1 bits related with it Pixels with 1 bit are "dark or white" Pixels with at least 2 bits might be "dim scale" or "shading" A picture is put away on a photosensitive PC chip, which changes over the picture to a progression of pixel qualities. 3.5 megapixels is section level 6 megapixels is a valuable level There is no film; pictures are put away in memory; the more memory the more pictures 1 GB is proposed

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Heading Styles and Simple Usage Use Heading Styles to consequently deliver a TOC: "TOC" implies  Table of Contents Heading < level #> <level #> implies the sub heading level in a framework sense Corresponds to the default indention level Can be related with a multi-level numbering plan (which we do next class) Select content line to wind up distinctly a Chapter or Subsection Heading Click the Heading <#> sought in the Ribbon "Styles Box" Use the "increment" or "diminishing" indent symbol in the Ribbon "Passage Box" to change the <level #>

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A Simple Automatic TOC Put the cursor where you need the TOC On the Ribbon "Reference" Tab select: Table of substance Pull down (no alternatives) Select outline of substance TOC shows up OR Table of Contents Pull Down – with control of choices Instead of choosing outline of substance, go to base of sheet Select "Embed Table of Contents" TOC Dialog box seems Select "Choices" catch Set TOC level for the "styles" you need to find in the TOC "alright", then "alright" once more

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Continuing the PC Architecture Paper Inserting Making Changes Modify Figure 2 Review graph duplicating Review Paste exceptional Size Adjusting Printing today

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Introduction to Networks 1950's: Computers were separated Data transported between them utilized physical media paper tape, punched cards, attractive tape and dispatches Early 1960's: Direct Local Networking (pre-LAN) Engineers began associating neighborhood PCs by means of unique links and interfaces Mid 1960's: Wide Area Networking (WAN) began utilizing rented phone lines extraordinary gear to associate them crosswise over vast separations. Late 1960's: Metropolitan Area Networking (MAN) utilizing open phone lines and low speed modems to associate with PCs. The association gadgets and lines taken together are called Networks

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Introduction to Networks 1969: Department of Defense Network ought to work even with harmed joins. The Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) began the venture "ARPA net" was created as a "System of Networks" Became known as the "Web" in the late 1980's

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From LAN to WAN (a) Home Network (b) Local Area Network

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(c) Wide Area Network

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The Internet Network of systems Supports tending to Manages associations Transports Data in parcels The World Wide Web Began in 1991 at the European Particle Physics Laboratory (CERN) in Switzerland A subset of all PCs associated with the Internet which have and permit access to hypertext or hypermedia archives Unlimited "data" Unlimited "disinformation" These reports contain references (connections) to different records which might be on an alternate PC anyplace on the planet The Internet and World Wide Web

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A message ventures to every part of the Internet All that matters is the start and consummation address

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Review Heading Styles and Usage To naturally deliver a numbered TOC: Multi-level Heading numbering < level #.#.# … > Setting a Multi-level Numbering System for Heading Styles Select the main content line that is a "Heading 1" style On the Ribbon "Passage Box" find the "Multi-level List" pull down symbol Select the numbering style that resembles the left figure: 1  this, NOT  1. 1.1 1.1 1.1.1 1.1.1 … …

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Generating the Automatic TOC Put the cursor where you need the TOC On the Ribbon "Reference" Tab select: Table of Contents Pull Down – with control of alternatives Instead of choosing plan of substance, go to base of sheet Select "Embed Table of Contents" TOC Dialog box seems Select "Choices" catch Set TOC level for the "styles" you need to find in the TOC "alright", then "alright" once more

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NEXT ASSIGNMENT: Look it up in your Syllabus-Schedule