Early Christian Ireland

2384 days ago, 756 views
PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Presentation Transcript

Slide 1

Early Christian Ireland The Arrival of Christianity from AD 400 onwards

Slide 2

Palladius – acquainting Christianity with Ireland before St. Patrick Died 432; devour day once in the past celebrated on October 7. The account of Palladius, recorded by Saint Prosper of Aquitaine, is made up for lost time in that of Pope Saint Celestin e I. Palladius, an elder at Rome, was in charge of sending Saint Germanus of Auxerre to Britain in 429 to battle Pelagianism and in 431 was himself sanctified religious administrator of the Irish. He arrived close Wicklow and worked in Leinster, where he experienced much restriction, yet made a few changes over and assembled three temples. Recognizing his absence of achievement in Ireland, he moved to Scotland to lecture the Picts, and passed on not long after he touched base at Fordun, close Aberdeen .

Slide 3

St. Patrick Apostle of Ireland, conceived at Kilpatrick, close Dumbarton, in Scotland, in the year 387; kicked the bucket at Saul, Downpatrick, Ireland, 17 March, 493. [Other sources say 460 or 461.] He had for his folks Calphurnius and Conchessa. The previous had a place with a Roman group of high rank and held the workplace of decurio in Gau or Britain. Conchessa was a close relative of the considerable supporter of Gaul, St. Martin of Tours. Kilpatrick still holds numerous remembrances of Saint Patrick, and successive journeys proceeded far into the Middle Ages to propagate there the popularity of his sancti t y and marvels.

Slide 4

There are numerous and shifted accounts about the life and works of St. Patrick however we do have some information about him from his own particular works in his "Confessio" There are additionally numerous pictures of St. Patrick – this one being the most famous.

Slide 5

Many Irish individuals went to the Continent of Europe to think about in the cloisters there. On their arrival they set up their own religious communities in Ireland: e.g. St. Enda – Aran Islands St. Kevin – Glendalough St. Ciaran – Clonmacnoise St Maelruain – Tallaght St. Columcille – Derry and Durrow

Slide 6

The Earliest Monasteries in Ireland were likely produced using wood and thusly there is little proof of their existance today. However composed histories of the time and archeological confirmation has given us some sign of what life resembled in these religious communities.

Slide 7

The primary Irish friars were loners and lived in segregated spots e.g. Sceilg Mhicil and Inishmurray A perspective of Small Skellig from the early Christian settlement at the highest point of Skellig Michael. The round structures, or apiary cottages, were the place the friars lived and worked.

Slide 8

The Lower Steps on Sceilg Mhicil Some of the 613 stages prompting to the summit. The means are uneven, of various statures, there are not very many spots where you can rest and there are no hand rails shielding you from the precipices

Slide 9

The Upper Steps on Sceilg Mhicil The last hundred or so ventures up to the devout settlement on top of Skellig Michael.

Slide 10

The Skellig Islands , 8 miles off the western bank of Ireland's County Kerry are little, remote and emotional. On Skellig Michael you can see the very much safeguarded stays of an early ascetic settlement. Life was troublesome on Sceilg for these ministers But numerous survived the brutal conditions, bolstering off fish, ocean flying creatures and whatever little products they could develop on the thin soils. It is likewise plausible that they got arrangements from the territory every now and then, when the climate allowed traverse the ocean.

Slide 11

Beehive cabins The ministers on Sceilg Mhicil lived in bee sanctuary hovels. These hovels were climate verification as the stones fitted impeccably on top of each other – the adjusted shape likewise implied that the rain kept running off or stream off the rooftop and dividers. The little opening for the entryway permitted minimal measure of twist into the hovel.

Slide 12

Beehive Huts Little Sceilg

Slide 14

Irish friars and Missionary work Abroad Columcille (521-597 A.D.) was the Irish Celtic Monk who established the Celtic religious community on the Island of Iona off Scotland where the Book of Kells was made, and changed over the agnostic Northern Picts (Northern Scots) to Christ.  He lived around 60 years after St. Patrick. At 44 years old, Columcille left Ireland – there are a wide range of stories explained to with reference to why Columcille left Ireland - and established the cloister on Iona (563-5 A.D.).  It was a base from which he would convey to Christianity the Northern Picts of Scotland.  It turned into the place where the Scottish Kings got last interment . after 100 years Iona's ninth Abbot, Adomnan, would compose a book called: Life of St. Columba.

Slide 15

Not long subsequent to setting up the religious community on Iona, Columcille was lecturing the Gospel on his approach to Inverness, to observer to the Pictish King Brude.  He was ceased by a gathering of Druid Priests, who requested that Columcille and his twelve ministers come back to Ireland.  These agnostic clerics asserted that Druidism was the genuine religion, and drew a hover on the ground, saying that Christ clashed with the nature cycle.  Columcille took his staff and drew a converging cross inside the circle.  Columcille said that God couldn't strife with nature since God had Himself Created nature, and rather supplemented it; working with it and through it.  Later, when Iona developed, wherever Columcille lectured the Picts, he would abandon 12 friars, establishing another cloister that would turn into a focal point of Christian educating, and in the long run a Christian town.  Though the Druidic Priests contradicted him the distance, little by little the light of Christ secured Northern Scotland.  Later, Ninian would convey Christ toward the Southern Picts, and Scotland would be totally converted.  One of Columcille's friars at Iona, an Irishman named Aidan, would be conveyed to establish a religious community at Lindisfarne, turning into the teacher friar who conveyed the Angles and Northern England to Christ.

Slide 16

Monastic Treasures in Early Christian Ireland Monasteries developed in size and riches from AD 700. The Monks started to make some excellent masterpieces. They utilized gold, silver, bronze and gems; The Ardagh Chalice Tara Brooch The Monks additionally delivered numerous excellent compositions in Latin of the Gospels; The Book of Durrow The Book of Kells

Slide 17

The Ardagh Chalice is made of silver and dates from around the eighth century. It is essentially a hemispherical glass propelled by Byzantine design.It has two handles, hung on by bolts that are masked by studs. It is enlivened with boards of gold filigree, plated bronze and milifiori studs .The glass studs have all been separately thrown. Most likely a metal edge was made first and afterward the zones of red polish poured in. Liquid blue glass was ultimately connected making the studs strong. The groups of filigree keep running in a band round the top, leaving substantial regions of plain silver which give incredible differentiation. The Apostles names are gently recorded beneath this band, except for Judas. It was found in the 1860s by a kid burrowing for potatoes! It is presently housed in the National Museum, Dublin.

Slide 18

The Tara clasp is a hover of cast silver plated secured with sheets of gold thwart, and wonderfully brightened with dabs, wound and plaited wires of gold, golden and glassstuds, stylised creatures and spirals. The majority of this in a piece under 2inches in measurement! It dates from the eighth century around as does the Ardagh C halice. These pieces were made under the new Christian impacts. The cloisters as of now got to be greatcentres of social action and wereresponsible for a hefty portion of the fortunes wenow view as imperative pieces, the Book of Kells, Ardagh Chalice etc. Tara Brooch

Slide 19

The Book of Kells Parts of pages from the book

Slide 20

In the library of Trinity College Dublin, are kept some of the best saved original copies of the 8th and ninth hundreds of years. These were duplicates of the Gospel spainstakingly composed and illustrated by teams of ministers. The Book of Kells is undoubtedly the most famous.  It was began on the Isle of Iona however completed in Kells from where it got its name. All but two of its pages are shaded. There are decorated letters and outlines for the gospels. It along with other books such as the Book of Durrow can be seen by the public in Trinity. One page of the  Book of Kells is turned over every day.

Slide 21

The Book of Durrow was composed in about AD 675. It is one of the soonest original copies to have a cover page, that is a page totally secured in example and shading. It vanished from the Abbey in the sixteenth century however fortunately was discovered again and had survived having a place with an agriculturist who used to pour water on it to cure his dairy cattle!

Slide 22

Early Christian Stone Crosses in Ireland Monks cut and enhanced stone crosses at numerous devout locales. Soonest cases were simply stone chunks and later the stones have arms with a circle encompassing the arms The early Celtic Christian church built up a very many-sided work of art known as the "High Cross," which is still a prevalent theme in religious and funerary workmanship and design. A few researchers conjecture that it is an amalgamation of the Christian cross with the prior agnostic sunlight based image, the (occasionally quartered) circle. At its most astounding purpose of advancement, the High Cross was practically a sermon in stone, secured in carvings of establishments of scriptural stories and images of Christendom. It appeared to have grown, be that as it may, from seventh-century stone pieces with many-sided interlaced binding, however without circles or scriptural scenes. The circle was consolidated by the eighth century, and scenes from the Old Testament began gradually inching onto crosses in the ninth century. By the eleventh century, makes sense of remained of the cross in high alleviation on either of the cross appearances.

Slide 23

1. 2. 3. 5. 4. Clonfert, Co. Offaly Clonmacnoise, Co. Offaly Faheen, Co. Kilkenny Kells, C