Doctoral studies in Bologna Process

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Structure. Preparing of youthful specialists in the reports of Bologna ProcessOrganisation, conditions and regulations of doctoral preparing (the fundamental spotlight on versatility, acknowledgment and the utilization of credits)Excellence as the particular quality of doctoral preparing (the primary spotlight on evaluation and supervision)Some questions for further dialog.

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Doctoral reviews in Bologna Process

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Structure Training of youthful specialists in the reports of Bologna Process Organization , conditions and directions o f doctoral preparing (the fundamental concentrate on versatility, acknowledgment and the utilization of credits ) Excellence as the unmistakable characteristic of doctoral preparing (the primary concentrate on evaluation and supervision ) Some inquiries for further dialog

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Graz Declaration - 2003 (preceding Berlin Communiqu é ) Europe of information Research as an indispensable piece of advanced education Link between European Higher Education (EHEA) and Research Areas (ERA). Graduates at all levels presented to an exploration situation and to look into based preparing. Doctoral projects = fundamental connection amongst EHEA and ERA Enhancement of European joint effort and increment of versatility at the doctoral and post-doctoral levels (e.g. Joint Doctoral projects)

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Effect of Berlin Communiqué Berlin Communiqu é (2003) Research – fundamental piece of EHE Postgraduate cycle III cycle 3-4 years ECTS ?? Priests requested that Higher Education Institutions increment the part and pertinence of research to mechanical, social and social development and to the requirements of society Focus on incorporation of the doctoral level as the third cycle Importance of research and research preparing Increase in portability on the doctoral and the postdoctoral levels Long cycle 5-6 years 300-360 ECTS II cycle 1.5-2 years 90-120 ECTS I cycle 3-4 years 180-240 ECTS e.g. low drug I + II = 300 ECTS

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EHEA Research ERA EHEA i ERA – two columns in the improvement of „ Europe of Knowledge" III Cycle Doctor Education of youthful specialists - doctoral projects - post-doctoral preparing European Research Area ERA (Research and Innovation Area)

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Salzburg Principles (February 2005) (preceding Bergen Communiqu é ) The center segment of doctoral preparing is the progression of information through unique research ( doctoral preparing through research not for research ) Embedding in institutional systems and arrangements The significance of differing qualities Doctoral applicants as early stage scientists The essential part of supervision and asses s ment Achieving minimum amount Duration (3 to 4 years full time generally speaking) The advancement of inventive structure Increasing portability Ensuring fitting financing

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Bergen Communiqu é (2005) Importance of research and research preparing in upgrading the intensity and allure on the EHEA RECOMMENDATIONS The expansion of the quantity of doctoral hopefuls The cooperative energy between the HE segment and others examine divisions Doctoral level capability included into the QF The requirements for auxiliary doctoral projects and straightforward supervision and evaluation Promotion of the interdisciplinary preparing and the improvement of transferable abilities Participants in third cycle programs considered both as understudies and as early stage analysts

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London Communiqu é (2007) - affirmation of close association amongst EHEA and ERA Positive asses s ment of a wide assortment of doctoral projects connected to QF for EHEA and enhancing the status, vocation and subsidizing for early stage scientists Invitation of HEIs to strengthen their endeavors to install doctoral projects in institutional techniques and strategies Invitation of EUA to keep on supporting the sharing of understanding and great practices among HEIs on the scope of creative doctoral projects

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L euven Communiqu é (200 9 ) The Bologna Process 2020 - The European Higher Education Area in the new decade Education, research and development 15. Advanced education ought to be construct at all levels in light of best in class innovative work in this way encouraging development and inventiveness in the public arena. We perceive the capability of advanced education programs, including those in light of connected science, to cultivate development. Thus, the quantity of individuals with research abilities ought to increment . Doctoral projects ought to give top notch disciplinary research and progressively be supplemented by between disciplinary and between sectoral programs. Also, open experts and foundations of advanced education will make the vocation improvement of early stage specialists more appealing.

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Trend towards Organization, conditions and directions on doctoral preparing Different models Master understudies & doctoral applicants with crosscutting authoritative support & transferable abilities advancement Doctoral hopefuls just, frequently sorted out around a teach or research subject may include a few foundations

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Organization , conditions and controls on doctoral preparing Forms of association in different nations source: Doctoral Programs in Europe's Universities: Achievements and Challenges , EUA 2007

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Organization, conditions and controls on doctoral preparing Diversity of doctorates (research doctorates, showed doctorates, proficient doctorates, modern doctorates, European doctorates and so on.) Diversity of doctoral projects reflects assorted qualities of EHEIs that have independence to build up their central goal and needs Consensus: unique research needs to remain the principle segment of all doctorates No accord on new doctorates in Europe & additionally verbal confrontation is required source: Lesley Wilson, Bologna Seminar Doctoral Education in the European Higher Education Area from a University Perspective , EUA, Helsinki, 30/09/2008

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Organization, conditions and directions on doctoral preparing Status of doctoral competitor = E arly S tage R esearcher source: Doctoral Programs in Europe's Universities: Achievements and Challenges , EUA 2007 Whatever the status, it is vital that doctoral hopeful is given every single proportionate right (human services, benefits, standardized savings)

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Organization , conditions and directions on doctoral preparing incuiry MCFA, Eurodoc & Pi-Net (2003); 2790 answers Social security source: M. Lola, Marie Curie Fellowship Association , EUA Conf., Salzburg 2005

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Organization , conditions and controls on doctoral preparing The worldwide measurement of doctorate projects and doctoral schools must be considered in assessment of foundations Promoti on of global participation & portability at doctoral level – becom es an indispensable piece of institutional techniques  joint doctoral projects, co-tutelles, European doctorates, and so forth  more transsectoral versatility (coordinated effort with industry)  global collaboration in the field of doctoral reviews (global staff, global summer schools & gatherings, and so on.) Challenge: guaranteeing that the include ed estimation of various types of versatility is perceived for the profession advancement of ESRs Internationalization and versatility – suggestions (1) source s : Bologna Seminars - EUA: Nice – April 2006, Helsinki - September 2008

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Organization , conditions and directions on doctoral preparing Public experts and HE establishments ought to fortify and encourage worldwide portability of doctoral competitors, post docs and senior scientists/scholastics Funding potential outcomes for universal doctoral projects (and data about) ought to be enhanced More authoritative institutional support is required (likewise for families) Removal of hindrances : acknowledgment of degrees; legitimate issues (visa, work allow, government disability, transferable annuity case, educating and managerial commitments at home establishments) Reinforce the position of r esearcher's versatility focuses giving data about working/subsidizing conceivable outcomes on European and national levels Internationalization and versatility – proposals (2) source s : Bologna Seminars - EUA: Nice – April 2006, Helsinki - September 2008

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Organization , conditions and controls on doctoral preparing Internationalization and versatility – some basic guidelines The length of doctoral reviews – merging in comparative review field would be welcome; diversities between fields ought to be recognized and endured International participation by confining the acknowledgment of degrees by national offices (differences in degree granted: in wide points or in subtopics profoundly particular) Standards ought to be kept up and benchmarked by having national and global inspectors who can judge the substantive unique commitment To build up a worldwide viewpoint doctoral applicant ought to spend periods at another exploration college, regularly abroad

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Organization , conditions and directions on doctoral preparing Tools of Bologna Process (QF, LO, ECTS) Consensus – Qualification Framework (QF), Learning Outcomes (LO) No agreement on ECTS – additionally civil argument is required Examples of suppositions:  LERU, May 2007 – Allocati ons of credits to doctoral preparing has n o helpful reason yet rather includes superfluous administration  Tuning, Autumn 2008 (J. Gonzalez & R. Wagenaar) – discusses handiness of ECTS as an arranging instrument for doctoral ponders

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Excellence as the unmistakable characteristic of doctoral preparing Excellence must be urged and upheld and to be a piece of the consistent research appraisal of offices and resources as opposed to be observed by an unnecessarily directed bureaucratic framework Careful determination of the best hopefuls and their assessment are required both at passage and all through the preparation time frame Doctoral preparing must remain obviously particular from the first and second cycles of HE While the fundamental segment is autonomous research, there ought to be an organized program of movement (e.g. workshops, courses ) LERU ( League of European Research Universities ) – suggestions (May 2007)

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Doctoral competitor Institution Supervisor Individual contracts Regulations at the level of state; in

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