Dispersing examination discoveries to effect strategy

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Dispersing research discoveries to effect arrangement Jitendra Khanna Technical Editor The WHO Reproductive Health Library

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 "Ta mard sukhan na gufta baashed   Aib-o-hunarish na hufta baashed" Sheik Saadi (Till a man says something, both his solid and powerless focuses stay covered up).

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Objectives Review some essential standards of correspondence and data scattering Explore stations of spread for associates and different partners Some activities _____________________________________ Based on HRP correspondence workshops Turning research into practice Institute of Health Economics report (2008)

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Global production of logical research From: New Scientist, 2008

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Science in Iran expanded its distribution yield about ten times from 1996 to 2004 (Institute for Scientific Information) Iran positions 49th for references, 42nd in paper yield, and 135th for references per paper According to a British government examine (2002), Iran positioned 30th on the planet regarding logical effect. In 2008, Iran positioned 32, 46 and 56 in Chemistry, Physics and Biology, separately, on the planet. from Wikipedia, 2009

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Generally… . Numerous issues – not the same number of beyond any doubt arrangements May have arrangements – yet no immediate influence to actualize Knowledge – this today that tomorrow Knowledge is cash (and power) The huge crevice – analysts and open The many intermediaries – commotion or clearness? Force of science – or shortcomings? Interests – strong and vested Others

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Distribution of mediations in RHL

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Research to approach: a few nuts and bolts addresses Whose thought would it say it was at any rate? Was there enthusiasm for it before and amid the lead of research? Does the exploration gather have validity? Where were the outcomes distributed? Who is against the thought? Is there ability to actualize the mediation? What are the dangers in executing it?

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Information spread The dissemination or wide dispersal of data. Medical.webends-com

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What is correspondence? "Any act by which one individual provides for, or gets from, someone else data about that individual's needs, wants, discernments, information, or emotional states. Correspondence might be purposeful or accidental , may include ordinary or eccentric signs, may take phonetic or nonlinguistic structures, and may happen through talked or other modes." National Joint Committee for the Communicative Needs of Persons with Severe Disabilities, 1992

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Key focuses about correspondence Exchange – two-way Information (yet reflects learning) Intentional or inadvertent Linguistic or nonlinguistic Needs, needs, recognitions, information

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Everybody (everything) says something… .

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Information source Transmitter Receiver Destination Signal Message Noise source Shannon's model Claude E. Shannon conceptualized the correspondence hypothesis display in the late 1940s. It stays integral to correspondence think about today.

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Adapted model of correspondence Noise Sender Encoding Decoding Receiver Signal Feedback Noise

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Quality of correspondence Varies, contingent upon Use of successful abilities and techniques Understanding of audience(s) Use of right channels Skills can be learnt

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Going from A to B… and back Means of transport ( data channel ) Timing ( snare for the story ) Information about B ( know the gathering of people ) Culture Likes/despise History Risks ( What can turn out badly )

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Putting correspondence into practice in research

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Research Research is a piece of a procedure of learning generation, administration and utilize.

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An exploration organization is a "knowledge" production line Output: data Input: data Knowledge Processing

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The strategy and execution crushing plant Analyses of dangers and advantages Information Knowledge Policy and correspondence Impact Processing Testing Evaluation

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Worlds separated Since both research and arrangement making are mind boggling exercises and altogether different from each other, common comprehension requires concisions exertion. A speculation made in view of research by Fox and Oxman (2001)

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Finding shared opinion

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Dealing with individuals Do we truly make, and utilize reason in, every one of our decisions? Philadelphia extend Cornell study (Schouffle 2004) Video on decisions

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Funny, fortunate, religious? A B C

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Exercise 1 Speaker Interviewer Observer

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Interpersonal correspondence (individual to-individual correspondence)

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Five bits of knowledge into viable interpersonal correspondence

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Interpersonal correspondence Conflict happens when correspondence fizzles

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Insight No. 1 If individuals see an assault, they will safeguard themselves.

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ATTACK DEFEND Vicious hover of assault and barrier

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Conflict Note: Communication looks to better comprehend different perspectives and not really to concur with them . In spite of the fact that, on the off chance that you keep a receptive outlook, you may accomplish assention also.

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Insight No. 2 Listening is more than quite recently sitting tight discreetly for your swing to talk.

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The "art" of listening keep up a disposition of "request" and intrigue tenderly test to comprehend the other draw out the other's thinking request cases check your comprehension tune in with a receptive outlook cease from get ready to wreck the other's contention or advance your own plan

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Insight No. 3 To truly comprehend another person's perspective you must have the capacity to escape your own rationale and into theirs. ???

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Understanding other individuals' rationale Assume that individuals are sane People carry on "rationally" in view of their inside rationale : how they see things self-intrigue, which they are attempting to expand their imperative concerns

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People Other accommodating suspicions Other individuals will see things uniquely in contrast to You can comprehend those distinctions and their feasible effect The BLM disorder

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Logic of activities depends on individual components Experience Culture Perception of occasions Self interests Mind-set Personality Professional qualities Reasoning Beliefs and a ssumptions The life structures of move/correspondence Action taken Mindset

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Action and correspondence Mindset: the imperceptible side of correspondence

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Inquiry Open/shut inquiries Open don't impact the appropriate response (transmit intrigue) look for data Closed: look for assention/contradiction don't draw data

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The step of surmising "Our capacity to accomplish the outcomes we genuinely yearning is disintegrated by our reasoning that: our convictions are reality the fact of the matter is clear our convictions depend on genuine information the information we select are the genuine information." Senge et al. The fifth teach fieldbook.

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Insight No. 4 To impact somebody you must have the capacity to talk their dialect.

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Insight No. 5 Humility works!

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In displaying your perspective: state suspicion clarify thinking clarify setting give illustrations welcome testing of your affirmations uncover where you are minimum clear abstain from being protective (allow yourself to be helpless)

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The nature of learning and data… ..

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"REAL science relies on upon the impartial look for truth." Robert K. Merton, Sociologist

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"The shrewd see learning and activity as one." - the Bhagvad-Gita

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Internal process Understanding Personal Longer-enduring Shapes practices "Genuine, supported convictions" "Total of what is known" Words Data Non-individual Relates to media Computers/ technology "Certainties gave" "What is passed on… " Information versus learning

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Communication is to data/learning as bundling and transportation are to merchandise Knowledge is an item that should be overseen

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"Knowledge" administration "We have overseen cash and structures and individuals and vitality. Presently we require likewise to deal with the most valuable ware of the 21st century learning and know how." J A Muir Gray , Director, Research and Development . NHS Executive Anglia and Oxford, Oxford. BMJ, 26 September, 1998 (Volume 317)

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Knowledge administration is about utilizing individuals as an asset Information administration is about utilizing instruments, information, diaries, media – what is traded between individuals

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Examples of underutilization of learning In Mexico 14 out of 22 clinics in Mexico City were not utilizing magnesium sulfate for the administration of eclampsia (A WHO think about) In the USA, patients got 55% of prescribed care and quality shifted by medicinal condition - 79% of prescribed watch over decrepit waterfall to 11% of suggested look after liquor reliance (McGlynn 2003) 20-30% of patients may get mind that is not required or mind that could be possibly hurtful (Schuster 2005)

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Purpose of research correspondence Ensuring that all partners know about and utilize examine proof to illuminate their wellbeing and human services basic leadership .

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Some things to ask What ought to be exchanged? To whom ought to research information be exchanged? By whom ought to research information be exchanged? In what manner ought to research information be exchanged? With what impact ought to research information be exchanged?

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What? Learning ready (combined) for transmission/execution? – Proteus marvel – reducing impact estimate Why precise audits are imperative Type and nature of confirmation Single review (observational – RCT) Systematic survey Urgency of circumstance/opportunity cost Relevance to neighborhood setting In time Context Setting in which proof was produced

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