Discriminating Reflection: Overview and Latest Ideas

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Basic Reflection: Overview and Latest Ideas Jan Fook South West London Academic Network

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An incredulous voice… Does anybody not reflect? Do we truly comprehend what it implies (in useful terms)? Is it conceivable to pinpoint in solid terms how it changes your activities? How would you do it when most working environments are excessively occupied, and organization and result drove?

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Four key viewpoints… Actually what is basic reflection? Furthermore, how universal/attractive is it? A wide range of viewpoints and structures Changing settings and the continuous presentation of new thoughts Debates and even minded challenges eg. how to reflect in unreflective settings? How to do it at authoritative levels

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What is CR? Is it the same as: reflection, intelligent practice, reflexivity, basic thinking???? … a plenty of terms utilized conversely Comes from various controls/callings eg. training, administration, wellbeing and social callings, sociologies

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What is CR… cont… Arises from "functional hypothesizing" and in this way not "scholastically" drew nearer… .additionally so universal that individuals expect they/others comprehend what it implies Varies from "gaining as a matter of fact", analyzing establishments/suppositions, 'pondering", utilizing individual experience, "walking out on self", deconstructing, and so on

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Actually entirely unpredictable in the event that we put all these diverse implications together… .. Includes gaining as a matter of fact by looking at essential presumptions, reintegrating encounters (and reformulating importance and standards for living), bringing about new rules for activity.

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How valuable/alluring is it? So standard it tends not to be addressed So customary that individuals think they can fit it in with current exercises and societies eg. "tick box" reflection What confirmation is there? Difficult to acquire re such "huge" issues

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Different viewpoints Have moved with the times furthermore covered Educational ( eg. Dewey, Boud et al ) Professional instruction ( eg. Schon) Critical instruction ( eg. Mezirow, Brookfield) Critical sociology ( eg. Giddens) Linguistic customs (eg. deconstruction) Relational (eg. Ruch)

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Different structures Different points of view demonstrate diverse expository systems for directing intelligent procedures and for deciphering background What structures to utilize? Is it essential to have the capacity to assemble all angles?

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Changing settings and more up to date thoughts New entomb/polished methodology Meaning and existential perspectives together with more basic/social viewpoints eg. "profitable reflection" (Boud 2006, 2010; Fook, 2010) Frameworks in view of eastern methods of insight (Humphrey, 2009) The issue of the way of experience (Fook, 2010)

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The nature of experience and gaining as a matter of fact Experience is not generally simple to depict or verbalize (in a way which speaks to it precisely) Experience is intricate, logical and all encompassing Is comprised of a wide range of viewpoints (eg. feeling, musings, activity, translation) which are liquid (continually subject to being changed)

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Involves beginning sensations, social elucidations, auxiliary truths Is at any rate both individual and social (not divisible) Needs to have the capacity to be incorporated into a cognizant feeling of self and a reasonable ability to read a compass/set of qualities (for figuring out how to happen)

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How would we discover (make?) a system for basic reflection which permits us to do all the previous?

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Debates and businesslike issues How to catch and speak to involvement seriously? How to make (safe) spaces? How to fuse into day by day hone? How to make authoritative?

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Therefore… … we need to discover a method for fundamentally reflecting which is: Structured Practical Meaningful Speaks to work environment requests

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References Boud et al (2006) (eds) Productive Reflection at Work Boud (2010) in Bradbury et al (eds) Beyond Reflective Practice: New Approaches to Professional Lifelong Learning Fook (2010) in Bradbury et al (as above) Fook & Gardner (2007) Practicing Critical Reflection Humphrey, C. (2009) "By the light of the Tao", European Journal of Social Work, vol. 12, no. 3. (entire extraordinary issue on CR) Pockett, R. & Giles, R.(2008) Critical Reflection: Generating Theory from Practice Ruch, G. (2009) "Distinguishing the "basic" in a relaitonship-based model of reflection" EJSW (as above)

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What is basic reflection? Gaining from/making (positive) which means of experience (eg. Boud, Mezirow) (we as a whole do it however may not know about it, but rather there are better and more regrettable methods for doing it) Process of uncovering further suppositions (eg. Schon) (not as simple to do as it looks) What makes it basic – uncovering basic (overwhelming) presumptions about power– "philosophy study" (eg. Brookfield) (great PC investigation however not generally where individuals are at?)

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My variant… Involves both hypothesis and practice: a reasonable basis and examination and.. A reasonable and organized process for leading it

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Aims of basic reflection… to enhance hone by gaining straightforwardly for a fact By participating in a procedure of analyzing the central suppositions certain by and by experience (and comprehension individual and social associations) And formulating changed thinking and practices from this new mindfulness

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Involves… . Gaining as a matter of fact and making hone hypothesis and significance from it Ongoing investigation of practice A type of responsibility/supervision A type of individual, expert and hierarchical leanring

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Related speculations Reflective practice – the crevice amongst hypothesis and practice (eg. Schon) Postmodernism/deconstruction/the phonetic turn – how our dialect/talk develops our insight Reflexivity – how our identity (socially and actually) builds our insight (eg. Taylor and White) Critical points of view – how individual experience is connected with social/control game plans, and how social mindfulness drives joins with social change (eg. Brookfield)

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Theories of experience??

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Reflective practice Gap amongst hypothesis and practice, amongst verifiable and unequivocal thoughts The constraints of express principles or hypothesis The need to make hypothesis (rehearse) in setting How our practice really makes information

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Reflexivity The reflect We ourselves are instruments for making learning, in this manner our identity (all angles) has a part by they way we see/comprehend the world physical, enthusiastic, social, authentic, auxiliary impacts in forming information

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Postmodernism/deconstruciton/the semantic turn How we talk about things builds the way we see/comprehend them – a few things are forgotten; others are developed as parallels There might be a wide range of (and opposing methods for seeing things) How things are see regularly needs to do with power

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Critical viewpoints Recognizes that power is both individual and social and they are connected Individuals can hold social convictions Understanding the connection is vital in rolling out social improvements

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Basic strategy/prepare Focuses on: Specific cases of practice (basic occurrences) To unsettle (predominant) understood suppositions (organize 1) so as to find and change pertinent thinking and hones and reformulate a system for practice (arrange 2) Uses basic intelligent inquiries got from speculations May be utilized as a part of various ways (eg. Little gatherings, self-reflection) In a moral learning atmosphere

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Critical intelligent inquiries: intelligent what are my certain presumptions and how would they vary from my express ones How would I be able to utilize this attention to change my practice? Eg. what does my practice suggest about my major qualities? What am I expecting about the way of individuals? Society? power and strife?

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Reflexive inquiries How would I impact what I see? How does what I am searching for impact what I find? Eg. where do my suppositions originate from? How does my identity influence socially what I see? How do my feelings influence my insight?

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Postmodern/deconstructive How does my dialect build what I see? Eg. what dialect designs do I utilize? What doubles exist? What different points of view am I forgetting?

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Critical inquiries How would I partake in power? What are the associations between my own experience and my social setting? Also, by what method would I be able to change my practice with this mindfulness? Eg. what self-overcoming convictions do I hold? Do I consider myself to be frail? How would I see other individuals' energy? How would I comprehend obligation? What do I accept about how authoritative a dpersonal power is associated?

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Critical (huge) occurrence An occasion which is noteworthy somehow to the learner/member Descriptive and fundamental as could reasonably be expected Why basic Context Concrete depiction Used as "crude" material for reflection

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The moral learning atmosphere of basic reflection – " basic acknowledgment" Trust & regard Acceptance not insistence Focus on expert adapting Right as far as possible Focus on story or development Openness to numerous and opposing points of view Responsibility (organization) not accuse

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A case of basic reflection… Cynthia… .. A moderately new social specialist in a doctor's facility Incident including discovering that a customer had kicked the bucket Burst into tears Critical in light of the fact that she felt "wild" Assumptions about feeling enthusiastic as compared with absence of control? On a more profound level expecting that a decent expert is in control and along these lines does not feel feelings

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Cynthia… cont… . Where did this originate from? … ..going up against the perspectives of different experts

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Stage 2… .. Subsequently a need to address whether she concurred (or not) with other professiona