Dialect Development Communication Basic Components of Language: 1. Phonology 2. Semantics 3. Linguistic structure

Slide1 l.jpg
1 / 29
0
0
1091 days ago, 517 views
PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Presentation Transcript

Slide 1

Dialect Development & Communication Basic Components of Language: 1. Phonology – 2. Semantics – 3. Sentence structure – 4. Pragmatics –

Slide 2

Language Development & Communication Basic Components of Language:

Slide 3

Language Development & Communication Theories of Language Development 1. Learning Perspective Imitation and fortification Evaluation of viewpoint

Slide 4

Language Development & Communication Theories of Language Development 2. Nativist Perspective Noam Chomsky Language Acquisition Device (LAD) Language-Making Capacity (LMC)

Slide 5

Language Development & Communication Theories of Language Development Support for Nativist point of view a. Broca's & Wernicke's areas

Slide 6

Language Development & Communication Theories of Language Development Support for Nativist point of view a. Broca's & Wernicke's areas b. Newborn child phonetic discrimination c. Delicate period d. Innovation of dialect

Slide 7

Language Development & Communication Theories of Language Development Problems with Nativist point of view a. Pliancy held b. Rhesus monkeys can discriminate sounds much like human newborn children c. Do developed dialects occur without grown-up intervention? d. Fellow not exceptionally supportive concept

Slide 8

Language Development & Communication Theories of Language Development 3. Interactionist Perspective Biology + Environment Environmental Support for Language Development a. Joint exercises (zone of proximal improvement)

Slide 9

Language Development & Communication Theories of Language Development 3. Interactionist Perspective Biology + Environment Environmental Support for Language Development a. Joint exercises (zone of proximal advancement) b. Motherese/Child Directed Speech c. Extensions/recasts d. Discussion is basic

Slide 10

Language Development & Communication SEQUENCE OF LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT Prelinguistic Period (until 10 to 13 mos) A. Making sounds 1. Cooing 2. Jabbering 3. Vocables

Slide 11

SEQUENCE OF LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT Prelinguistic Period (until 10 to 13 mos) A. Making sounds B. Taking in the principles 1. Alternating 2. Motions & non-verbal communication 3. Open versus gainful language

Slide 12

SEQUENCE OF LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT Holophrastic Period (from 10-13 mos to 18-24 mos) Holophrastic period – Holophrase – Naming blast -

Slide 13

SEQUENCE OF LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT Holophrastic Period (from 10-13 mos to 18-24 mos) Referential style – Expressive style – Cultural and birth arrange impacts… .

Slide 14

SEQUENCE OF LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT Holophrastic Period (from 10-13 mos to 18-24 mos) Overextension – utilize generally particular words to allude to a more extensive arrangement of objects, activities, or occasions than adults do. Underextension – utilize general words to allude to a littler arrangement of items, actions or occasions than grown-ups do.

Slide 15

SEQUENCE OF LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT Telegraphic Period (from 18-24 mos to around 30 mos) Early sentences (two words or more) comprise exclusively of content words and preclude the less meaningful parts of discourse. For instance: More sweet See kitty We go

Slide 16

SEQUENCE OF LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT Universal Milestones in Language Devel. Development Approx. Age Cooing 2-3 mos. Babbling 5 mos. To start with Words 10-14 mos. Ten Words 12 mos. Two-word 21-24 mos. sentence Two-hundred 24 mos. words

Slide 17

SEQUENCE OF LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT Preschool Period (from 2 ½ to 5 years) Grammatical advancement Overregularization – overgeneralize linguistic guidelines to unpredictable cases (see toon). Semantics Pragmatics & Communication Skills

Slide 18

SEQUENCE OF LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT Middle Childhood & Adolescent Period (6-14 years) Use bigger words Produce longer & more mind boggling sentences Think about dialect and manipulate it in new ways

Slide 19

LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT The Importance of Reading to Children (Whitehurst et al. 1988) Toddlers Control gather – Experimental gathering – After one month, the kids in the exploratory gathering had a bigger pick up in vocabulary Replicated in Mexico (Valdez-Menchaca & Whitehurst, 1992)

Slide 20

LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT American Sign Language Sign built from a constrained arrangement of gestural parts (same way that the talked word is developed from a limited number of particular sounds or phonemes).

Slide 21

LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT American Sign Language Sign built from a constrained arrangement of gestural parts (same way that the talked word is developed from a limited number of particular sounds or phonemes). Segments of ASL: 1. Position of hands 2. Setup of hands/fingers 3. Movements of hands/fingers

Slide 22

LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT American Sign Language Deaf kids gain ASL much like listening to kids secure their oral dialect. Jabbering – Holophrastic phrases (activity words, naming items, modifiers). Transmitted proclamations Same stages

Slide 23

LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT American Sign Language Deaf youngsters secure ASL much like listening to kids gain their oral dialect. At the point when hard of hearing kids are raised with hard of hearing guardians: Babbling – 7-11 mos. Guiding – 8-9 mos. Word/Sign – 12 mos.

Slide 24

LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT Bilingualism Two Critical Issues: Expose to both? Most ideal approach? What is the most ideal approach to secure a moment dialect for school?

Slide 25

LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT Bilingualism Exposing tyke to two dialects in the meantime : Slower at in the first place, make up for lost time Don't stir up

Slide 26

LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT Bilingualism Bilingual Education: What's best when tyke does not talk dialect of school? Not Immersion Not ESL Programs Some essential guideline in local dialect in first year or two

Slide 27

LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT Bilingualism Advantages: Increased dialect capability Increased idea arrangement Increased nonverbal knowledge Increased metalinguistic mindfulness Note: These constructive outcomes result from bilingual inundation furthermore cultivate a gratefulness for assorted qualities! Two-way bilingual instruction?

Slide 28

LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT Critical Period for Language Acquisition? Basic Period Hypothesis: Notion that individuals are most capable at learning dialect before adolescence. Prepubescent youngsters Brain harm Summary

Slide 29

LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT Critical Period for Language Acquisition? Wild Children Number of cases recorded Number of cases that procured dialect Number that did not take in any dialect (Reich, 1986) Most renowned case

SPONSORS