Diagram of the Indian Economy: Budget 2008 and past

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The Indian Economy initially. . GEN0190n.ppt. 3. The Indian Economy. GEN0190n.ppt. 4. The Rupee versus Dollar. EIU estimates. . Highlights of Economic Survey. Expansion anticipated at 4.4 for each penny in 2007-08. . Holding 9% development will be a test.. Expansion and foundation are the greatest development challenges..

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Outline of the Indian Economy: Budget 2008 and past By A.V. Vedpuriswar

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The Indian Economy initially

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The Indian Economy GEN0190n.ppt

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The Rupee versus Dollar GEN0190n.ppt

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EIU conjectures

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Highlights of Economic Survey Economy will back off to 8.7% in 2007-08 Inflation anticipated at 4.4 for each penny in 2007-08. Holding 9% development will be a test. Swelling and framework are the greatest development challenges. Expertise deficiency is bringing about steady loss, wage climb; pushing swelling Agricultural development in FY'08 is seen at 2.6%, against 3.8% a year back. Modern development slower at 9% in initial 9 months of FY'08.

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Recommendations in review Complete the way toward offering 5-10% value in beforehand recognized benefit making non-navratna PSUs. Eliminate control on sugar, manures, drugs. Offer old oil fields to private part. Permit a share for remote value in retailing. Bring outside value up in protection to 49 for every penny. Permit 100 for every penny FDI in greenfield private agri banks.

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Key difficulties

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Challenges Although BPO, IT, Telecom, fabricating have blasted as of late, India's economy remains for the most part agrarian. Many parts of the economy are cut off from unhindered commerce. Confinements on FDI make developing organizations troublesome. Monetary changes, particularly work advertise changes, have been moderate in coming. Indeed, even without noteworthy change, India's economy has performed so well (developing by 9.4% in the financial year finishing in March 2007) that it might overheat. Gigantic supply side difficulties remain. Particularly when we consider that by 2025 the nation could have more than 580m working class buyers - Source : The Economist

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Multiplicity of controls overseeing item advertises Distortions in the market for land. Far reaching government proprietorship . Injustice and vagueness Uneven authorization Reservation for SSIs FDI limitations Licensing Unclear proprietorship Counter profitable tax collection Inflexible zoning, lease and occupancy laws Three principle hindrances to development GEN0190n.ppt

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Growth inhibitors According to McKinsey (2001) these elements restrain GDP development to the degree of 4% or more consistently.

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Using assets viably Clearly this is the need of great importance But what does the information let us know?

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A brisk take a gander at Union Budget 2008

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2008 Budget initially (Rs Crores ) GEN0190n.ppt

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Major arrangement use GEN0190n.ppt

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Where the rupee originates from? GEN0190n.ppt

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Where the rupee goes? GEN0190n.ppt

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Changing income blend GEN0190n.ppt

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Budget deficiency Currently, the income shortfall is 1% of GDP. Monetary shortage is 2.5% of GDP. Be that as it may, does this recount the total story?

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Off Balance Sheet things GEN0190n.ppt

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What about the spending shortfalls of states? GEN0190n.ppt

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India versus China GEN0190n.ppt

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China is sitting really According to authority gauges, China's administration ran a spending deficiency of around 1% a year ago. In any case, a few financial analysts figure that the wary government is downplaying its actual monetary wellbeing: it most likely had a little overflow. In the event that the benefits of state-possessed firms were likewise included, the administration could have an excess of around 3% of GDP. China's open obligation has additionally tumbled to just 17% of GDP, well beneath the normal proportion of 77% in OECD economies. For sure, China has the best monetary position of any huge nation, giving the administration a lot of space to pad the economy if request abruptly falls. By complexity, India, however enhancing, has one of the most noticeably awful financial positions on the planet.

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The Indian government claims it has diminished its shortage to an expected 3.3% of GDP in the year finishing March, from 6.5% in 2001-02. Nonetheless, in a current report the IMF contended that the genuine aggregate shortage is more like 7% of GDP once we include the express governments' shortfalls and different off-spending things. In the event that the misfortunes of state power organizations are likewise included, the aggregate shortfall could cross 8% of GDP. India's open obligation is likewise awkwardly high at around 75% of GDP. (The Economist)

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Newspaper article Should the Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management (FRBM) Act be rejected? For this law is by all accounts having the unreasonable impact of making the administration shroud increasingly of its use and not demonstrate it in the Budget. The fund priest can then claim that he is meeting FRBM targets, when in truth he is most certainly not. Rejecting the law may empower more fair planning. Business Standard

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Sectoral Reforms

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Agriculture GEN0190n.ppt

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Farm advance waiver Moral danger? Shouldn't something be said about individuals who have obtained from cash loan specialists? Is this the most ideal approach to help agriculturists? To give a lift to horticulture? A singed earth approach?

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Options to limit the harm Give borrowers with great records bring down loan fees. Bring down credit limits/force higher guarantee on terrible borrowers. Lessen the dangers in horticulture This will bring down the quantity of go-betweens and cut down the customer cost. What's more, enhance the acknowledgment for ranchers.. Institutional changes to lessen the reliance on moneylenders. (Subhir Gokarn)

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Get back to the essentials Increase yield per section of land. Diminish the crevice between the rancher's value acknowledgment and what the buyer pays. Lessen wastage in view of poor streets, deficient warehousing and refrigerated transport. Lessen the quantity of individuals reliant on horticulture. Empower sorted out retailing, contract cultivating, ebusiness (A.V. Rajwade)

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Industry GEN0190n.ppt

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No expensive changes in key ventures Power Retail

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Financial part

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Financial area changes Reduce small scale administration by RBI and SEBI. Change subsidiaries and ware markets. Energize more rivalry and advancement To be a worldwide monetary administrations player, India needs : - An open capital record - Capable and effective markets - World class foundations and responsive controllers - Less mediation by RBI and MOF. - (Percy Mistry, MIFC report)

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Raghuram Rajan Committee report " India is hazardously self-satisfied. Its worries about over-modern markets take after a clock that looks right simply because it is 12 hours behind. Indian family units put just about portion of their investment funds in the bank, and banks pipe not as much as half of their credit to private firms, … . The administration's financing needs swarm out different borrowers, and state-possessed banks represent around 70% of India's monetary resources … . The cost of these monetary failings is most likely a rate point or two of development. They leave India's savers with too little reward for their thrift, its poorer borrowers with excessively couple of choices, making it impossible to the moneylender and its officeholder firms with an excess of security from upstarts, who can't raise cash to contend. " The Economist, April 12, 2008

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" If America's subprime emergency shows the pitfalls of unencumbered fund, India outlines the inverse peril. Since its controllers get censured just for disasters, not for lost development and squandered open doors, they are excessively moderate. ... New thoughts are prohibited unless unequivocally allowed. This helps controllers feel more secure, however it does little for the framework's steadiness. … .For instance, organizations are banned from guessing in subsidiaries, yet many have done as such in any case. Those that have lost cash now refer to the very guidelines they crushed as motivation to spirit out of their commitments, saying they ought not pay for mix-ups they were not authoritatively permitted to make." The Economist, April 12, 2008

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" Last year the administration prohibited fates exchanging two sorts of bean, rice and wheat, contending that examiners were driving up costs,… ... Some in the liberal gatherings, … now contend it ought to extend the boycott to different wares, for example, consumable oils and maybe even iron and steel. This would resemble "shooting the emissary", contends B.C. Khatua, director of the Forward Markets Commission, which controls prospects trades. Before they were closed down, … . the fates markets passed on the message that costs of wheat and rice would keep on rising. Beyond any doubt enough, that is what happened." The Economist, April 12, 2008

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" The prospects advertise gives agriculturists a sneak see of the costs they will confront in the months ahead, which ought to permit them to settle on an educated choice about what to sow. On a fundamental level, prospects contracts ought to likewise permit ranchers to secure a cost for their yields, protecting them from the impulses of the spot advertise. Right now, ranchers are too little to take part in the market specifically… little banks could total the requests of agriculturists up to a down to earth estimate. " The Economist, April 12, 2008

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Pensions The current formal annuity channels don't cover chaotic part specialists. Given the grim levels of entrance of money related administrations, a dominant part of Indian individuals are not contributing towards their seniority security. The Pension Bill could connect that hole, and give individuals more noteworthy control over their retirement benefits.

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Pensions ( Cont..) But the Left has been a hindrance In 1981, Ronald Reagan propelled the 401K arrangement in the US. The US annuity industry, which was $60 billion then, is today a $9 trillion industry, with a large portion of the cash put resources into values. Under the shadow of the Left, the legislature has not proceeded onward expanding FDI limits from 26% to 49% in protection .

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General monetary changes Subsidies Labor Education Entrepreneurship Legal framework

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Not an extraordinary place for business people It takes 71 days to get every single essential freedom for beginning an endeavor in India. A similar will require only five days in the US, six days in Sing