Development And Departures

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Slide 1

Development And Departures Christians & Disciples Come Together January, 1832

Slide 2

The Good New Spreads During The Years 1832 & 1833 John Rogers & Raccoon John Smith Were Selected To Travel Throughout The Region To Make People Aware That Union Had Taken Place

Slide 3

The Printing Press Contributed To Union B.W. Stone's Christian Messenger & A. Campbell's Millennial Harbinger Distributed The Message Of Union Among Christians, Later Others Like Firm Foundation & Gospel Advocate Continued The Unity Call

Slide 4

Some Highlights Over The Next Few Years 1835 The "Follower's Hymn Book" Is Distributed Bearing The Names Of B.W. Stone, Alexander Campbell, Walter Scott & John T. Johnson 1836 – Bacon College Begins With Walter Scott As First President, Georgetown, Kentucky 1841 – Bethany College Begins 1844 – Nov. 9, B.W. Stone Dies In Hannibal, Missouri, Later Re-Interred At Caneridge, Kentucky, Christian Messenger Ceases Publication 1845 – January 1, Franklin College, Nashville, Tennessee Begins 1858 – Bacon College Becomes The University Of Kentucky At Harrodsburg, Kentucky, Moved To Lexington In 1865

Slide 5

Changes Causing Digression 1849 – Development Of The American Christian Missionary Society 1860 – Introduction Of Instrumental Music At Midway The Pastoral System In Congregations Alternative Ways Of Raising Money

Slide 6

The Incident At Midway, Kentucky Adam Hibler Grave L.L. Pinkerton Grave

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The Church During The Civil War Leading Up To The War Discussion Of The Slavery Issue Was Discussed In Journals Some Like James Shannon In Missouri Were Strong Activists For Slavery Others Like Pardee Butler Of Kansas Was Equally Strong Activist Against Slavery Mississippi Preacher, T.W. Caskey Was Involved In Preparation Of The Document Leading To Secession In That State, 1861 During War Many Lost Their Faith Many Enlisted In The Military, Preachers Became Chaplains Fanning Visited Atlanta. Dr. A.G. Thomas, A Preacher, Wore A Feather In His Hat And A Glittering Sword In His Right Hand. Fanning Said He Doubted If Thomas Would Be Able To Hold The Word Of Georgia In One Hand And The Sword Of The Spirit In The Other – GA Vol VII, No. 2, Feb. 1861 p.39 W.H. Hopson Resigned His Post At Main Street Church Of Christ Lexington, Kentucky Because Of His Disposition Toward The South. J.W. McGarvey Took His Place, 1862

Slide 8

The Church During The Civil War 250 Boys From Hiram College Joined The Union Forces James A Garfield Was A Union Acquiring Rank Of Brigadier-General T.B. Larimore Served With The Southern Forces B.F. Corridor Was Chaplain With The Texas Rangers Colleges & Publications Sought To Ignore The War Refusing Anti-War Articles To Be Printed W.D. Carnes Sought To Keep It Out Of Franklin College, But When War Was Began The Entire Student Body Left, Joining The South 1860, Fall Arkansas College Began At Fayetteville, William Baxter President, Battles At Pea Ridge And Prairie Grove Was Fought Nearby. School Burned Preachers Avoided It In Their Preaching Many Journals Ceased Publication For Economic Reasons Biggest Wedge Was When The Missionary Society Condemned The South, Southern Brethren Were Appalled, 1862 Officially The Churches Of Christ Was The Only Church In The US Not To Split During The Civil War

Slide 9

After The Civil War Many Issues That Were Before The War Started Up Again ACMS & The Instrument Of Music In Worship – Next 40 Years Takes Its Toll Can Christians Fight In War Or Participate In Governmental Activities – e.g. President Garfield Alexander Campbell Dies March 4, 1866 Christian Standard Begins With Isaac Errett As Editor – Devoted To A More Progressive Approach To Christianity 1866 The Gospel Advocate Restarts With Tolbert Fanning And A Young David Lipscomb As Co-Editors 1869 Henderson, Tennessee, Henderson Male & Female Institute Begins, Root School Out Of Which Would Later Come Freed-Hardeman University

Slide 10

Sand Creek Meeting August 18, 1889, Shelby County, Illinois A yearly assembling spot of preservationist Disciples since 1871 Above 6000 in participation Daniel Sommer (1850-1940) exhibited the gospel in two talks Speech one delineated the distinctions that occurred inside the pupils development Speech two, toward the evening, was an evangelistic sermon A formal marking of a composed presentation to isolate from liberal Disciples was marked

Slide 11

Sand Creek Meeting Sommer examined the goal of the "Statement and Address" of September 7, 1809 by T. Campbell He looked into the unmistakable position of Disciples amongst confidence and sentiment, and amongst declaration and surmising He then examined the impact it had on the Disciples - Two Different Approaches Since 1832 Men who held that the request for solidarity no matter what was central Men who viewed the reclamation guideline as fundamental Lastly, a striking charge that the previous had relinquished soundness, and through advancement had "delivered wrongs tormenting the fraternity"

Slide 12

Sand Creek Meeting Sommer Charged — Disciples Innovation Included: One-Man Pastorates Missionary Societies Modern Methods of Raising Money Ladies Festival in one Ohio church to raise cash for drapes and cover for the meetinghouse Children with "chestnut containers on asking undertakings" Box Suppers and Pound Parties Instrumental Music In Worship Claimed That Urban Churches Were The Main Culprits In This Departure

Slide 13

Breakdown Of Movement

Slide 14

Seven Signs The Brought Separation Tears Shed By Loyal Christians Angry and unchristian words and activities from liberals Strifes and distances Divisions Lost chances to spare souls Expenditures of time, cash and quality Feuds, "heartburning and shocking"

Slide 15

After The Civil War 1874 – Tolbert Fanning Dies At Elm Crag, Nashville, Tennessee 1884 – Firm Foundation Begins In Austin, Texas, Austin McGary Editor 1891 – Nashville Bible School Begins, Later Lipscomb University In The 1906 U.S. Enumeration The Church of Christ And The Christian Church Was Recognized As Different Entities

Slide 16

Splintering Continues In The 20 th Century March, 1917 Major Controversy In The College Of The Bible Exists Over The Subject Of Higher Criticism, Leading To A Major Split Among Christians, Enter: The Disciples Of Christ 1920s Controversies With R.H. Boll Over Premillennialism 1930s & 40s Relative Quietness Due To Economic Depression & War 1950s To 1970s Battles Over Support Of Institutions/Sunday School/Located Preachers/Christian Colleges/and so on 1980 To Today – The Change Movement – New Hermeneutics/Worship Styles and so forth.

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