Convictions and Values How they are Shaped

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´╗┐Convictions and Values How they are Shaped Hserv 482 # 17 2008

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Agenda Values in USA training ? business of the business media ? capacity of the media in a just society ? Molding individualistic values in the USA Alex Carey's rundown of the twentieth century

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US convictions, qualities We're NUMBER ONE, unquestionably sound, moral power History: travelers getting away abuse Did not need government to control their lives Pride in independence, and capacity to draw selves up by bootstraps Took care of our own Founding fathers:SMALL WEAK GOVERNMENT Federalism (national, state and neighborhood gov'ts) Legislative, Judicial and Executive Vote restricted to those with property

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US convictions, values Non-corresponding representation (not at all like any parliamentary majority rules system) Bicameral Congress (Senate has control) Weak political gatherings Individual competitors raise possess subsidizing, settle on claim choices, run claim crusades Candidates impart through media, not through gathering organs twentieth century think debilitating of gov't 1920s dynamic movement,attacking politically effective and enterprises Constitution revisions for ladies' suffrage and direct decision of representatives

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US convictions, values twentieth century coordinate essential races took control from hands of gathering pioneers Presidential designating traditions got to be pointless as applicants picked in primaries Campaigns turned out to be more hopeful and less gathering focused Polyarchy: Party doesn't vote together as in different nations Public Policy: elected, state, nearby (cf Europe) restorative care transportation utilities welfare early life lodging

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US convictions, values Little gov't control, rather have day in court Litigious 1990: 20 times # legal advisors/top as Japan, 10 times as Sweden, 3 times as Germany Tort costs 2.3% of GDP in 1991 cf 1.2% for Germany, 0.9% France, Canada, Australia, 0.7% for Japan, 0.6% for UK "There is not really a political question in the US which does not eventually transform into a legal one" Tocqueville

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US convictions, values Public Sector (elected, state, nearby) %GDP 1995 (counting the military) US 33% UK 43% Germany half Denmark 61% Sweden 66% half for all EU nations, and without US military crevice would be considerably greater Tax Receipts 1995 % GDP US 31, EU 45, UK 38, Sweden 58

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US convictions, values Individualism, objectives, headway NOT people group objectives or open progression Liberty (yet 1/4 world's detainees) Equality of chance (not there, but rather conviction is) Poorer individuals are not ready to contend

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US convictions WHY? Vagrants looking for escape, monetary progression Never had a popularity based communist development US states with possess energy to impose & spend oppose national activities Labor unions just keen on their own and not for aspiring welfare state as in Europe Frontier "land of opportunity," could simply go west WWII upset US a great deal not as much as Europe

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Reich: Supercapitalism

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Reich: Supercapitalism

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Harvey 2005

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Source: Analysis of U.S. Enumeration Bureau information in Economic Policy Institute, The State of Working America 1994-95 (M.E. Sharpe: 1994) p. 37.

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Harvey 2005

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US INCOME SHARES Picketty & Saez + Johnston Free lunch

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Source: Congressional Budget Office, Historical Effective Federal Tax Rates: 1979 to 2004 , Table 1C, December 2006.

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Saez & Veall 2005

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Rasmus Z Magazine Feb/Apr 2007

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Beliefs, values in the USA? HOW ARE THEY SHAPED

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Beliefs, values in the USA? How are they formed? How are they not the same as convictions and values in different nations? In what capacity MIGHT WE STUDY THIS?

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NYT June 13, 2004

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Values/Policies Across Countries Values, strategies, prosperity of youthful youngsters in Canada, Norway, US. Shelley Phipps information from World Values Survey 1990

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Beliefs in uniformity WB2005 World Development Report 2006 Fig 4.2 Ingelhart World Values Survey agent tests of 69 nations

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Belief that Luck Determines Income and Welfare Spending Source ALESINA Fighting Poverty in US & Europe 2004

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Redistribution and the Belief that Poverty is Society's Fault Source ALESINA Fighting Poverty in US & Europe 2004

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Whoever recounts the stories of a country require not mind who makes its laws. Andrew Fletcher Scotch Patriot 1653-1716 NATION BULDING Reasons for country state idea?? French development of seat in 1490

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Individualistic Values Health synonymous with social insurance Individuals, maladies Individual reaction Self culture

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NYT Front Page 060205

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Individualistic Values Health synonymous with human services Individuals, sicknesses Individual reaction Self culture Sports and glorification of combatants Verification of rationale of chance syllogism

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Does media concentrate on Populations? People? WHY?

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New York Times

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CULTURE OF FEAR "It is dependably basically a matter to drag the general population along, whether it is a majority rules system, or a rightist tyranny, or a parliament, or a comrade fascism. The general population can simply be conveyed to the offering of the pioneers. That is simple. You should simply let them know they are being assaulted, and decry the peacemakers for absence of patriotism and presenting the nation to risk. It works the same in any country." Herman Goering Hitler's promulgation boss said to Gustav Gilbert amid an Easter break in the Nuremberg Trials on April 18, 1946

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CULTURE OF FEAR "The short response to why Americans harbor such a large number of illegitimate feelings of trepidation is that up and coming influence and cash anticipate the individuals who take advantage of our ethical weaknesses and supply us with typical substitutes. (Barry Glassner) The Culture of Fear pg xxviii Oderint dum metuant : let them loathe insofar as they dread (Roman saying)

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"The occasions of September 11, 2001 , on a very basic level changed the setting for relations between the United States and other principle focuses of worldwide influence, and opened immeasurable, new open doors ."

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Media as Business

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Media as Business

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"Our employment is to give individuals not what they need, but rather what we choose they should have." Richard Salant, previous President of CBS News

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'I know the mystery of making the normal American think anything I need him to. Simply let me control television.... You put something on the TV and it gets to be reality. On the off chance that the world outside the TV set negates the pictures, individuals begin attempting to change the world to make it like the TV set images.....' Hal Becker, media "master" and administration advisor, the Futures Group, in a meeting in 1981

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Media in World War I Woodrow Wilson chose President in 1916 on stage "Peace without triumph" since populace to a great degree pacifistic and would not like to be required in an European War, yet Wilson organization was really dedicated to war and needed to make a move They built up the Creel Commission, an administration purposeful publicity commission, which in 6 months transformed the radical populace into a crazy warmongering populace, which needed to crush everything German, tear the Germans appendage from appendage, go to war and spare the world. Edward Bernays Creel Commission part and author of advertising industry

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Edward Bernays Propaganda 1928 The cognizant and wise control of the sorted out propensities and sentiments of the masses is an imperative component in just society. The individuals who control this inconspicuous system of society constitute an imperceptible government which is the genuine decision force of our nation. . . . Obviously it is the astute minorities which need to make utilization of publicity constantly and efficiently. In the dynamic converting minorities in whom narrow minded interests and open interests agree lie the advance and improvement of American vote based system.

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EDUCATION Schools as an influence framework Curriculums endured the length of perform institutional part Today: Commercialism in schools eg. candy machine contracts in Seattle schools, Channel 1 Derek Bok: previous president of Harvard writes in 2003 Once bound to games (paying mentors $500,000, enlisting understudies just for athletic capacity), now blasting in therapeutic schools and research labs "commercialization debilitates to change the character of the college in ways that breaking point its flexibility, sap its viability and lower its remaining in society" "Company authorities consistently demand that data concerning the work they support be kept mystery while the exploration is going on and for a sufficiently long time from there on to permit them to choose whether to petition for a patent" (Universities in the Marketplace: The Commercialization of Higher Education) Courses, passing exams, forcing discipline as opposed to cultivating free thinking Encouragement to get FICO assessments in center school, Medical Harm, populace wellbeing in restorative school, general wellbeing school

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EDUCATION William E. Simon, Secretary of the Treasury under Presidents Richard M. Nixon and Gerald R. Passage [and President of the traditionalist Olin Foundation]. "Why ought to specialists be financing left-wing intelligent people and organizations which embrace the correct inverse of what they accept in?" he asks, alluding to the way that numerous corporatio