Conviction Systems

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Conviction Systems Belief Systems And Ideology A Belief System is a 'structure of thoughts through which an individual understands the world' Ideology is an arrangement of convictions or standards.

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Belief Systems Reading the above definitions is a touch of befuddling – would they say they are not a similar thing? Truth be told conviction frameworks stretch out past belief systems. It is a touch of an umbrella term to incorporate religions, methods of insight, even science Ideologies are only one kind of conviction framework eg Existentialism And frequently conviction frameworks is appended to religion and philosophy connected to mainstream convictions

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Belief Systems Belief v Knowledge A conviction is something we think might be genuine Knowledge is something we have verification to go down. Convictions include question Knowledge includes truths This is the place a confidence v confirm face off regarding frequently happens Belief Systems, for example, religions, rationalities and philosophies don't have a firm accurate premise however do offer endeavors to clarify the world

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Belief Systems Religion and Science Explaining the world Many trust that religion has clarified the unexplainable. Be that as it may, as we find more through science the part of religion has declined Normative rules Religion likewise has a regulating measurement – it gives a set of accepted rules for our lives e.g. moral rules

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Belief Systems Metanarratives Postmodernists utilize this expression to portray a solitary exhaustive clarification given to clarify the world This could be a religion, for example, Christianity, Judaism and so forth or a logic like Marxism

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Belief Systems The Enlightenment This is the expression given to the progress of logical clarifications in view of target learning. For some this replaces the subjective perspectives of religion – being founded on emotions and individual perspectives Science is sane (in view of reason) and is moved down by evidence and is therefore frequently inconsistent with religious convictions.

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Belief Systems NOMA – Gould 1999 Gould – a scholar –argues that science and religion are 2 isolate domains they are NOMA (non covering magisteria). Science gives learning Religion gives moral direction This is a relativist view which considers science to be one of numerous conviction frameworks.

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Belief Systems Science is predominant learning Gellner (1974) contended that the target way of science sets it most importantly else Dawkins (2006) – a renowned skeptic – contends that Gould is simply attempting to conciliate capable religious gatherings and says nonbelievers are frequently minimized in the public eye

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Is science a conviction framework? Realists – say no Science depends on actualities wheras conviction frameworks depend on confidence Beliefs in view of God or Gods are silly – if God is maker – who made God? Logical proof has upheld such things as darwin's transformative hypothesis and the structure of DNA

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Is Science a Belief System? Realists – say yes Realists concur with postmodernists in recommending that there are bunches of conviction frameworks in a pluralist world and that science is simply one more one of these. Researchers are people and all things considered can never be absolutely objective regardless of how hard they attempt. Their very own perspectives, emotions, vocation desires and so forth all plan to forestall subjectivity inching in.

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Is Science a Belief System? Khun - 1972 observed that researchers utilized ideal models – 'a method for review the world which underlies the hypotheses and techniques of science' as it were researchers utilize an arrangement of thoughts which implies they dismiss confirm that difficulties this. In the long run if challenges turn out to be especially regular it might prompt to an adjustment in the worldview. Researchers used to trust that the earth was at the focal point of the universe and different planets and so forth rotated around us.....until an entire move occured where the sun was seen at the middle.

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Is Science a Belief System? The ebb and flow standards of material science, science and science recommend that such things as homeopathy have no logical premise yet numerous specialists are guaranteed of their success– will this prompt to a radical new logical worldview?

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Religion Turner 1983 contends that religion is vital for sociologists. At the introduction of the subject authors, for example, Durkheim and Marx had solid things to say in regards to the part of religion Many individuals today hold religious convictions and the assortment of religious gatherings and convictions from "set up" places of worship to groups and factions is an element of advanced society

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Religion As sociologists we are taking a gander at: 1. What individuals trust 2. Why individuals trust 3. The authoritative setting of convictions e.g. church,sect 4. How religion influences people groups lives

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Religion As sociologists our advantage is not in the legitimacy of religious convictions and you don't need to have religious feelings to study religion - then again religious responsibilities ought not banish you from considering religion sociologically

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Defining Religion 1. Useful Definitions These include what religion does It answers inquiries, for example, What happens when I pass on? Why are individuals poor? Furthermore, gives rules on the best way to carry on Functionalists consider religion to be vital for social union

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Defining Religion 2. Substantive Definitions These say what religion is as opposed to what it does e.g. faith in God and other powerful creatures

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Defining Religion These definitions can be joined Durkheim 1912 characterized religion as… 'a brought together arrangement of convictions and practices with respect to holy things, that is, things separate and prohibited which join into one single good group – called a congregation – each one of the individuals who stick to them'

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Defining Religion There are various imperative components to this definition 1. Durkheim considers religion to be a mix of conviction and practice i.e. doing is as imperative as trusting

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Defining Religion 2. The "consecrated" is imperative this makes religion exceptional dislike the ordinary things in this world

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Defining Religion 3. The people group premise of religion offers ascend to conceivable clashes between groups e.g. N Ireland Religion can join together and isolate individuals in the meantime

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Defining Religion Weber - The issue of theodicy This is about how individuals see the world with every one of its issues as important Religion answers the why addresses in life Why have I got tumor? Why is our group mistreated? Why did that mishap happen?

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Defining Religion Stark & Bainbridge 1985 - Compensators religion compensates for things ailing in this life guarantee of prizes in the following life on the off chance that you are enduring now enduring turns into a trial of confidence

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Defining Religion Ways of managing the issue of theodicy have social results. Weber saw a connection amongst protestantism and the development of free enterprise. Islam trusts that anguish is vital and has essential results for, for example, Iraq notwithstanding Western approvals.

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Defining Religion Criticisms Of Functional Definitions They have a tendency to incorporate numerous things some would not see as religious e.g. patriotism maybe science has supplanted religion in noting a portion of the essential inquiries

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Defining Religion Criticisms Of Substantive Definitions Many depend on Western monotheistic convictions and are excessively restricted.

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Defining Religion Thus the contrast between the 2 methodologies is one of practice versus conviction. This is imperative to recall when we take a gander at the secularization procedure later. The individuals who incline toward the practical definitions consider religion to be as yet being imperative in the occupation that it does in the public eye. The individuals who incline toward substantive definitions will probably concur with the supporters of secularization theory – that religious conviction has declined and has been supplanted with reasonable, logical thought.

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Perspectives Functionalism As we would expect Functionalists consider religion to be practically vital. Specifically the commitment of religion to the requirements of society and the person. It's part in keeping up social solidarity is vital.

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Perspectives Marxism 'Religion is the opium of the masses' Again as we would expect there is an unmistakable connection to class-struggle. Religion is a dream which facilitates the agony of abuse in entrepreneur society. In a socialist ideal world religion stops to exist on the grounds that there is no requirement for it.

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Perspectives Feminism Feminists see religion in a comparable vein to the Marxists - bringing on agony and mistreatment – the distinction here is that this stems from Patriarchy. Religion serves the interests of men.

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Perspectives Interpretivism Tends to consider religion to be addressing the requirements of people. In that capacity religion is still critical in noting the unavoidable issues.

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Perspectives Post Modernism Post Modernists too concentrate on the individual and how he/she understands their lives. Individuals no longer acknowledge 'all inclusive truths' and in that capacity embrace a pick'n'mix attitude to religion – frequently taking bits from various convictions to comprehend things.

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Religious Organizations CHURCH Most sociologists propose that "congregation" alludes to a huge association which is regularly connected to the state e.g. The Church Of England. Most places of worship fit in with the norm of the general public they have a place with implying that individuals oblige the standards and estimations of that specific culture.

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Religious Organizations DENOMINATION In the UK the expression "section" is normally used to allude to a branch of the Christian church e.g. Baptists, Methodists and so forth. Stark and Bainbridge (1985) utilize the term to depict 'weakened holy places' They are separate from the state and more open to new thoughts however they are still typically progressive structures and fit in with the standards and estimations of society .: