Contamination AND THE WETLANDS

Pollution and the wetlands
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Presentation. Seventeen percent of North Carolina\'s 5.7 million sections of land are wetlands. Ninety-five percent of North Carolina\'s wetlands are found in the beach front fields. A wetland is a piece of a watershed (geographic are that depletes to a solitary waterway) or a waste bowl. They are secured by shallow water and have soils waterlogged to the surface. After some time the wetlands have been depleted and t

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´╗┐Contamination AND THE WETLANDS

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Introduction Seventeen percent of North Carolina's 5.7 million sections of land are wetlands. Ninety-five percent of North Carolina's wetlands are found in the beach front fields. A wetland is a piece of a watershed (geographic are that channels to a solitary waterway) or a waste bowl. They are secured by shallow water and have soils waterlogged to the surface. After some time the wetlands have been depleted and changed into modern offices, and additionally, an utilization for waste transfer. The wetlands are affected by the biosphere, lithosphere, air, and the hydrosphere.

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Problem What is contaminating the Great Dismal Swamp?

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Invasive Species Asterionella formosa Erosion causes increments in the measure of inorganic silt in the water, welcoming remote types of wipe and diatom that need less light to assume control water natural surroundings.

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Invasive Species: Fish and Animals Invasive fish, for example, the Northern Snakehead, crush submerged biological systems. Creatures, for example, pets that can never again be administered to, can get to be distinctly intrusive if enough are discharged.

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Invasive Species: Plant World Plant species, for example, Purple Loosestrife, Mile-a-Minute, and Tree-of-Heaven dislodge and annihilate local foliage. Indeed, even local plants can get to be distinctly obtrusive. Great cases are sweet gums and maples. Water plants, for example, water hyacinth spread rapidly and diminish water quality.

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Pollution Swamps go about as sinkholes, getting any contaminants in water and sucking them in. Contamination from sewage, dump locales, spills, and capacity ranges are issues.

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What is Soil Erosion? * development of soil particles by wind, gravity, or water

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Soil Erosion (cont.) Wind & Water Fertilizers & Sediments Algae Production

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Cause/Effect Relationships Precipitation Erosion Runoff

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Fertilizers Organic Fertilizers Mixed Fertilizers Chemical Fertilizers

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Purpose of Wetlands Protection Soil

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THE ATMOSPHERE What is the Atmosphere made of?

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Recycling of Atmospheric Materials The measure of a given substance leaving the air = the measure of a similar substance entering the environment over a similar timeframe

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Atmosphere to different circles Biosphere Atmosphere Atmosphere Biosphere Atmosphere Lithosphere

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Air Pollutant Major Sources Effects Carbon Monoxide Automobile Exhaust Reduces conveyance of oxygen to body tissues; disables vision reflexes Nitrogen Dioxide Burning of fossil energizes in power plants & vehicles Irritates lungs & adds to corrosive rain and brown haze Sulfur Dioxide Burning of fossil fills in power plants, oil refineries, paper plants, volcanoes Irritates respiratory framework adding to corrosive rain Particulate Matter (tidy, smoke, residue, slag) Factories, control plants, oil refineries, paper factories, volcanoes Contributes to respiratory issues connected to tumors Lead Smelters, Battery Plants Damages anxious & stomach related frameworks Ozone Reactions of nitrogen oxides & hydrocarbons within the sight of daylight Reduces lungs capacities & causes aggravation Air Pollutants

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Acid Rain How does Acid Rain shape? Frames when toxins, for example, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides respond with water vapor noticeable all around The subsequent corrosive precipitation can fall as rain or snow

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Acid Rain (Cont.) Unlike ordinary rain, which has a pH of 6, Acid Rain has a pH of 5 It hurts both plant and creature life It additionally hurts timberland by stripping without end essential supplements from the dirt.

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THE WATER CYCLE What is the Water Cycle? What are the procedures? Where does the water go?

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Contaminated Groundwater pollution is any expansion of undesirable substances to groundwater by human exercises. Contaminant sources in urban regions incorporate corner stores, cleaners, refuse dumps, snow-transfer dumps, and modern locales.

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RUNOFF Surface overflow is one of the reasons for disintegration of the world's surface. It is rather constrained specifically into streams or tempest water spillover channels, where disintegration and siltation can be significant issues, notwithstanding when flooding is most certainly not. Expanded spillover lessens groundwater energize, consequently bringing down the water table and aggravating dry seasons, particularly for ranchers and other people who rely on upon water wells .

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Floodwater Major tempests, for example, tropical storms, fill lanes with overflowed water. This will debase the water, hurting the plants and creatures. People rely on upon plants and creatures for nourishment.

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Conclusions Our wetlands are influenced by many types of contamination. We have to discover approaches to forestall, or confine this. We require our wetlands to channel our waters, keep soil set up, and give fish and diversion.

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Recommendations Heavy fines on organizations and homesteads that contaminate our wetlands, water, and air. Plant vegetation in territories where disintegration is an issue. Guarantee that vessels coming into port are cleaned of plant matter immediately. Keep the offer of obtrusive plants/creatures. Utilize endorsed smolders to wreck intrusive plants and bring back local species.

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Reflections We discovered that Earth System Science includes the communication between the circles and that contamination identifies with each circle amass. We discovered that gathering work is critical in Problem Based Learning, and that every individual must do their share of the work. One individual can't do all the work.

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Bibliography Asterionella Formosa." 13 Aug. 2007 <http://www.nrel.colostate.edu/ventures/lvws/pages/accesstodata/lakecreatures/phytoplankton/diatoms/asterionella-formosa.htm>. Burdige, Ph.d., David J., Jennifer Slate, Ph.d., Jeremy Hicks (m.s. Understudy), Melissa Frazier (undergrad Student), and Sean Donalty (undergrad Student). "RECENT AND HISTORICAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE IN LAKE DRUMMOND,." Department of Biology, Northeastern Illinois University. 13 Aug. 2007 <http://www.vwrrc.vt.edu/distributions/SRNoNum-2004 Dismal%20Swamp.pdf>. Chowan River/Dismal Swamp." Oct. 2005. Chesapeake Bay Foundation. 13 Aug. 2007 <http://www.cbf.org/site/DocServer/Chowan_River-Dismal_Swamp_Fact_Sheet.pdf?docID=5863>. Slicing Forests to Benefit Wildlife." U.S. Angle & Wildlife Service Moosehorn National Wildlife Refuge . U.S. Angle & Wildlife Service. 13 Aug. 2007 <http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.fws.gov/upper east/moosehorn/pictures/Controled%2520burn.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.fws.gov/upper east/moosehorn/Forest_Management.htm&h=331&w=518&sz=46&hl=en&start=7&um=1&tbnid=CRcGy0fDXk4VUM:&tbnh=84&tbnw=131&prev=/images%3Fq%3DControlled%2Bburn%26svnum%3D10%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26client%3Dopera%26rls%3Den%26sa%3DN>.

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Bibliography (cont.) FIGHTING FIRE WITH FIRE: PRESCRIBED BURNS HELP PRESERVE DISMAL SWAMP." The Virginia Pilot . 8 May 1997. The Virginia Pilot. 13 Aug. 2007 <http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/VA-news/VA-Pilot/issues/1997/vp970508/05080365.htm>. Intrusive Fish Species." Southeastern Outdoors . Southeastern Outdoors. 13 Aug. 2007 <http://www.southeasternoutdoors.com/untamed life/intrusive fish.html>. Kuser, John E., and George Zimmermann. "Restoring Atlantic White-Cedar Swamps: a Review of Techniques for Propagation and Establishment." Restoring Atlantic White-Cedar Swamps: a Review of Techniques for Propagation and Establishment . Summer 1995. 13 Aug. 2007 <http://www.stockton.edu/~wcedars/treeplnt.html>. Reptiles and Amphibians." Smithsonian National Zoological Park . 13 Aug. 2007 <http://nationalzoo.si.edu/Animals/ReptilesAmphibians/Facts/FactSheets/Boaconstrictor.cfm>. Swearingen, Jil M., and Phil Pannill. "Plant Conservation Alliance, Alien Plant Working Group.LEAST WANTED." Plant Conservation Alliance, Alien Plant Working Group. 27 June 2006. Plant Conservation Alliance,. 13 Aug. 2007 <http://www.nps.gov/plants/outsider/actuality/aial1.htm>. "How Acid Rain is Formed." Education, Science, Technology . Joined Nations Educational,Scintific, and Cultural Organization. 17 Aug. 2007 <http://search.live.com/pictures/results.aspx?q=Acid%20Rain&FORM=BIRE#focal=401a8023b581f394fd19bedc009580cf&furl=http%3A%2F%2Fportal.unesco.org%2Feducation%2Fen%2Ffile_download.php%2F139c5df78bcee496e053ef6052c4a5e3How%2Bacid%2Brain%2Bis%2Bformed%2Bframe.jpg>.

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Bibliography (proceeded) www.fws.gov/upper east/greatdismalswamp/History.htm www.soil.ncsu.edu/help/Wetlands/http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/stargazing/planets/earth/Watercycle.shtml http://geoscape.nrcan.gc.ca/ottawa/groundwater_e.php http://www.clw.csiro.au/cecr/pictures/groundwater.jpg http://dictionary.reference.com/peruse/aquifers http://En.Wikipidea.org/wiki/Chemical_fertil . "Acid Rain and Forest Mass: Another Perspective." Terra Daily News About Planet Earth . 14 Oct. 2005. 17 Aug. 2007 <http://search.live.com/pictures/results.aspx?q=Acid%20Rain&FORM=BIRE#focal=2ee568d244de9a90bbd7d808eb732176&furl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.terradaily.com%2Fimages%2Fforest-corrosive rain-bg.jpg>.

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Bibliography (cont.) www.for.gov.bc.ca/hfd/library/archives/glossary/S.htm www.knowledgebank.lrri.org/glossary/Glossary/O.htm www.knowledgebank.lrri.org/glossary/Glossary/M.htm www.botany.uwc.ac.za/Envfacts/actualities/erosion.htm www.epa.gov/owow/wetlands/shoreline_erosion.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surface_runoff#_note-2 "Chowan Basinwide Water Quality." Chowan Basinwide Water Quality . 1997. NC Division of Water Quality. 16 Aug. 2007 <http://h2o.enr.state.nc.us/basinwide/pictures/swamp.jpg>

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Acknowledgments Class Instructors: Mrs. Fowlkes Dr. Botti Dr. Pringle Dr. Doorman Dr. Rossbach Mrs. Respectable Ms. Stamper All the individuals from our gathering

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