Connection Theory

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Yet, infants are conceived with diverse temperamentsSome kids are less demanding to parent than othersThus, the nature of consideration they get may be founded on the child\'s personalityBut demeanor has just a moderate impact on child rearing/consideration (Vaughn

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Slide 1

Grown-up Attachment Secure Comfortable seeing someone Able to look for support from accomplice Dismissing Greater feeling of independence Tend to cut themselves off sincerely from accomplice Preoccupied Fears dismissal from accomplice Strong craving to keep up closeness Childhood Attachment Secure Distress when mother leaves Greets mother when she returns Avoidant Does not look for mother when she returns Focuses on condition Ambivalent/Resistant Very furious about flight Explores next to no Attachment Theory

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But infants are conceived with various demeanors Some kids are simpler to parent than others Thus, the nature of care they get may be founded on the kid's identity But disposition has just a direct impact on child rearing/mind (Vaughn & Bost, 1999)

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Experience appear to assume a substantial part in deciding the styles we convey to connections Mothers' connection styles foresee the connection style of their children with 75% exactness before they are even conceived – it is contended that children come to share their style (Fonagy, Steele, & Steele, 1991) The child rearing teenagers get as 7 th graders predicts how they will carry on in their own sentiments when they are youthful grown-ups (Conger, Cui, Bryant, & Elder, 2000)

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Attachment dependability Attachment styles have a tendency to be steady and durable May lead individuals to make new connections that fortify existing propensities (Scharfe & Bartholomew, 1997) E.g. Avoidant individuals may never discover that individuals can be trusted

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But connection styles can change An awful separation can make a some time ago secure individual unreliable A decent relationship can make an avoidant individual less so (Kirkpatrick & Hazan, 1994) As numerous as 1/3 of us may experience a genuine change in our connection styles over a two year duration (Fuller & Fincham, 1995)

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Relationship working Secure people have a tendency to be all the more putting stock in, conferred, and fulfilled than uncertain people (Simpson, 1990) They encountered more constructive feelings than antagonistic There are likewise contrasts in the courses in which these couples react to interpersonal misery

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Attachment Activation Role of contention Partner accessibility Partner saw as accessible Primary procedure (secure connection) Partner saw as inaccessible Secondary methodology (shaky connection) Proximity looking for as practical or non-suitable

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Secondary Strategies Preoccupied connections Hyperactivating systems Hypervigilant consideration regarding one's accomplice Rapidly recognize objection, dismissal Intensify adverse enthusiastic reactions Dismissing connections Deactivating techniques Active mindlessness to debilitating parts of the relationship Increased independence

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Expression and Regulation of Negative Affect Communication of connection figure inaccessibility Consistent dismissal Criticism and threatening vibe Specific expectations about the sorts of practices people may show

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Secure : convey what needs be placidly and look for comfort and support from their accomplices in a valuable form Dismissing : have a tendency to pull back from their partners; may get to be distinctly unfriendly Preoccupied : have a tendency to end up exorbitantly anxious and touchy (Simpson, Rholes, & Nelligan, 1992)

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Perceptions Secure people will probably make relationship-improving attributions (Collins, 1996) They are more probable than unreliable individuals to recall constructive past occasions (Miller & Noirot, 1999) More liable to stay open to new data when they judge their accomplices (Mikulincer, 1997) Insecure individuals have a tendency to depend on existing convictions and presumptions

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Secure individuals have a tendency to comprehend their accomplices superior to anything unreliable individuals (Mikulincer, Orbach, & Iavnieli, 1998) Preoccupied people tend to overestimate the amount they have in the same way as their accomplices Preoccupied individuals are additionally great at speculating their accomplice's emotions when it might be expensive to them E.g. when taking a gander at pictures of alluring potential accomplices

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Attachment and desire Preoccupied people look for closeness additionally might be constantly stressed over their accomplices giving back that affection Preoccupied people do encounter more envy than the other connection styles (Buunk, 1997) Secure individuals are likewise dreadful when an esteemed relationship is endangered Dismissing people don't tend to stress over being deserted