Connecting with the Community in Disaster Risk Reduction Adaptation to Climate Variability and Change

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Drawing in the Community in Disaster Risk Reduction (Adaptation to Climate Variability and Change) by Rosa T. Perez PAGASA/DOST

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Philippines & Natural Disaster Risks The significant connections that exist between normal calamity chances, the earth and their consolidated effects on human social orders are especially clear People are exceedingly subject to the common habitat, and verifiable records vouch for the staggering impacts that regular catastrophes cause in the district There is developing worry about the potential for progressively continuous and more serious meteorological and hydrological perils coming about because of environmental change, and how they may influence the nation

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Philippines: Typhoon Marce (Aere) Detailed Locations Philippines - Luzon - Provinces: Pampanga, Tarlac, Bataan, Bulacan, Pangasinan, Benguet, Rizal, La Union, Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija, Ifugao. Urban communities: Metro Manila territory. San Mateo. Quezon City, Hermosa, Dinalupihan, Olongapo City, San Fernando, Paniqui, Urdaneta City, Candaba, Arayat, Santo Tomas, Calumpit. Camanava territory. Streams Philippines - Agno, Pampanga, Kalaklan, Camiling, Chico, Tarlac, Sinocalan Began 24-Aug-04 Ended 12-Sep-04 Duration (days) 20 Dead 67 Displaced 1,058,849 Damage (USD) $ 23,500,000 Main/Secondary cause Tropical twister/Monson rain Affected Region ( sq km) 38,800 Flood Magnitude** 11.8 Notes and Comments Philippines - Typhoons Aere and Chaba are halfway reason for overwhelming downpours that activated avalanches and flooding in Manila range. 43 passings. 1,058,849 individuals cleared. 96,000 hectares rice overwhelmed in Tarlac. Embankment rupture at Culibangbang in Tarlac. Most noticeably awful surges in 5 years in San Fernando. Pampanga "one of the most noticeably awful fiascos that have happened in the area in a long time"

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Public transport jeepneys sit stranded on an overflowed street in Manila August 25, 2004. The most noticeably bad flooding to hit the northern Philippines in three decades has murdered 43 individuals and created more than $20 million in harm,

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A Philippine Air Force helicopter floats over a house submerged by floodwaters in Paniqui Tarlac in northern Philippines August 27, 2004. An aeronautical view indicates parts of Paniqui town (base). About 1,000 towns in an unlimited plain of rice fields and fish lakes, once the rice bowl of the Philippines, had been under mid-section profound water for right around a week, influencing more than 1.6 million individuals.

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People going to a religious administration inside an overflowed church in Lubao, Pampanga in the northern Philippines August 28, 2004. A lady sits outside her home submerged in floodwaters in a town in Bulacan region in the northern Philippines August 30, 2004.

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A father conveys his child on his shoulder as they swim through floodwaters in a town in Bulacan region in the northern Philippines August 30, 2004. A villager tends his chickens in an overflowed town in Bulacan territory in the northern Philippines August 30, 2004.

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Monsoon downpours trigger surges, avalanches - Carranglan, Nueva Ecija many workers were stranded.

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Mainstreaming Adaptation Through Disaster Risk Reduction "While we can't get rid of characteristic dangers, we can dispose of those we cause, minimize those we compound, and lessen our defenselessness to most. Doing this requires sound and versatile groups and biological communities. Seen in this light, debacle alleviation is unmistakably part of a more extensive procedure of supportable improvement making groups and countries socially, monetarily, and naturally manageable." - J. Abramovitz

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Engaging the Community "Much has been learnt from the imaginative calamity aversion endeavors of poor groups in creating nations. Counteractive action arrangement is too critical to possibly be left to governments and universal organizations alone. To succeed, it should likewise connect with common society, the private area and the media." Kofi Annan, IDNDR Program gathering, Geneva, July 1999

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Community The meaning of group in this setting alludes to a social gathering, which has various things in like manner, for example, shared experience, territory, culture, legacy

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Risk diminishment measures Most fruitful when they include the immediate interest of the general population well on the way to be presented to perils, in the arranging, basic leadership, and operational exercises at all levels of duty Local pioneers, drawn from political, social and monetary segments of society need to accept an essential accountability for the insurance of their own group.

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Risk diminishment measures The inclusion of neighborhood inhabitants in securing their own particular assets is conceivable and can work – if adequate consideration and venture is committed to the subject.

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The vital part of group activity Disaster diminishment is best at the group level where particular nearby needs can be met. At the point when utilized alone, government and institutional mediations regularly end up being deficient and as often as possible are seen to be sporadic and just reacting to emergencies. A top=down approach is slanted to disregard nearby recognitions and needs and the potential estimation of neighborhood assets and limits all the while.

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The vital part of group activity therefore, it is not astounding that crisis help far surpasses assets contributed to create nearby fiasco hazard decrease capacities  First, people group must know about the significance of catastrophe lessening for their own particular prosperity. It then gets to be important to distinguish and give crucial abilities that can make an interpretation of hazard mindfulness into solid practices of supported hazard administration. Such an approach needs to create exercises that can reinforce groups' abilities to recognize and adapt to perils, and all the more extensively to enhance inhabitants' jobs

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Case illustration: Community-based Flood chance administration PROJECT MANAGER/IMPLEMENTOR: Local Government Unit (LGU) TECHNICAL ADVISER/ASSISTANT: Flood Forecasting Branch (FFB), Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA)/Dept. of Science and Technology (DOST) TARGET BENEFICIARIES: People dwelling in the surge inclined zones

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Community-based Flood chance administration One angle in the administration of pre-surge calamity period at the neighborhood level, is the setting up of a group based surge determining or potentially cautioning framework Hope to address surge estimating/cautioning issues particularly those originating from little and medium-sized waterways where streak flooding normally happens

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Community-based Flood hazard administration Usually, the lead-time for readiness is short, i.e. the stream's reaction time to precipitation is fairly fast A neighborhood surge estimating as well as notice framework is seen to engage the nearby individuals, advance self improvement/dependence and support interest alongside the utilization and upgrade of indigenous learning and capacity to alleviate or forestall surge misfortunes and damages. 

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Community-based Flood chance administration Develop markers for anticipating and cautioning in light of precipitation and water levels relationship of upstream and downstream gaging stations Locals will be prepared to create surge peril maps in view of real perceptions Provide open data and instruction

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Community-based Flood chance administration The arranging stage basically harps on Who to incorporate. What procedures to use with a specific end goal to acquire native information What data should be given to nationals.

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Some Insights Community initiative and connections  Any arrangement of nearby arranging and security must be coordinated into bigger managerial and asset abilities, for example, common, state and national debacle arranges and hazard diminishment procedures. It is similarly imperative to understand that groups can't execute group based debacle alleviation alone. Feasible types of group construct catastrophe diminishment depend with respect to a positive political environment that comprehends, advances and backings this cooperation procedure.

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Some Insights Community initiative and connections An extraordinary exertion is required to review locally esteemed customary methods for dealing with stress and techniques. Present day ideas and innovation can give inventive methodologies.

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Challenges and Priorities People need to comprehend and acknowledge that they additionally have a duty towards their own particular survival – it is not just a matter for governments to discover and give arrangements. Exchange of skill at a nearby level, e.g. early cautioning frameworks and methodology suited to little scale prerequisites. Exchange of nearby encounters, and their topical application inside different groups must be created.

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Challenges and Priorities Better correspondence is required among powers and directors, and among group pioneers for this reason. Existing grass-roots and group based associations at group level, including ladies associations, ought to be fortified, for them to make a move and take part on catastrophe hazard diminishment exercises.

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Thank you for your Attention!