Common Procedure

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Step by step instructions to react to Particulars of Claim (CPR 9). Confirmation (Part 14)Defence (Part 15)Acknowledgement of Service (Part 10). Affirmation (CPR 14). Can concede the entire or piece of the Claimant\'s case Can utilize structures determined or by giving

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Slide 1

Common Procedure Responding to a Claim

Slide 2

How to react to Particulars of Claim (CPR 9) Admission (Part 14) Defense (Part 15) Acknowledgment of Service (Part 10)

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Admission (CPR 14) Can concede the entire or part of the Claimant's case Can utilize frames determined or by giving "notice in expressing" Can request time to pay (CPR 14.4) Claimant can just get "settled initiation costs" (Table 1 in CPR 45) If just piece of the claim is conceded, the rest will be managed in a barrier

Slide 4

Defense Used to contradict the Particulars of Claim Served inside 14 days of administration of particulars (CPR 15.4(1) (a) - or inside 14 days of affirmation of administration (CPR 15.4(1) (b) Can likewise concur a further 28 days augmentation (CPR 15.5) Thomas v Home Office (19/10/06)

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Contents of a Defense Should manage everything in Particulars – can concede, deny or require to be demonstrated Lee Conservancy Board v Button (1879) 12 ChD 383 Can't utilize a "holding safeguard" – this will presumably be struck out under CPR 3.4

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Contents of a Defense "Requiring to be demonstrated" – utilized where the respondent can't concede or deny (CPR 16.5(1) (b) Denying – requires reasons and an alternate rendition of occasions –CPR16.5(2)

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Consequences of not managing matters brought up in Particulars Taken to oblige it to be demonstrated (16.5(3) or conceded if not managed by any means (unless it identifies with a cash guarantee – CPR 16.5(5) Defense should likewise contain: Dispute about proclamation of significant worth 16.3 Details of agent limit 16.5(7) Address for administration 16.5(8)

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Matters to be argued PI claims - Must manage therapeutic report and join his own in the event that he needs to depend on it – CPR 12.1(3) Counter-calendar of uncommon harms Limitation and any Human Rights Act issues should likewise be incorporated Set-off might be incorporated Contributory carelessness must be argued ( Fookes v Slaytor [1978] 1 WLR 1293)

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Set-offs and counterclaims Counterclaim = " a claim acquired by a litigant reaction to the inquirer's claim, which is incorporated into an indistinguishable procedures from the petitioner's claim" Set off = a claim for cash against the petitioner in light of the petitioner's own particular claim for cash which either lessens or deters the inquirer's claim (can be aggregate or halfway)

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The Check Rule The check govern depends on the idea that when products or administrations are paid for with check, the purchaser goes into two contracts. The first is the consent to purchase the products or administrations themselves, the second is the consent to respect the check. This has been reached out to apply to direct charge installments in Esso Petroleum Co. Ltd v Milton [1997] 1 WLR 938.

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The Check Rule If the vender sues in regard of the consent to respect a shamed check, then the purchaser can just raise guards which are identified with the examine itself However, protections identified with the general authoritative understanding itself are not feasible Hickman Law Society's Gazette LSG Vol.98 No.39 Page 41 (2001) Roe New Law Journal September 12 th 1997 p1316

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Consequences of not reacting The Claimant might have the capacity to get judgment in default (CPR 12.3) Claimant will ask for utilizing "the pertinent practice frame" (see PD12.3) Not settled entirety – transfer hearing (PD26.12.4) Coll v Tattum (2002) 99(3) LSG 26

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Setting aside default judgment CPR 13 – represents circumstances where court must set judgment aside and circumstances where it might set it aside. Apply utilizing section 23 method 13.2 – where judgment has been "entered wrongly"

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Setting aside default judgment 13.3 – where a) the respondent has a genuine prospect of effectively guarding the case; or (b) it appears to the court that there is some other justifiable reason motivation behind why –(I )the judgment ought to be put aside or changed; or (ii) the litigant ought to be permitted to protect the case. 13.3(2) the respondent ought to act "speedily" ( MacDonald v Thorn plc [1999] All ER (D) 989 )

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Setting aside default judgment "a genuine prospect of effectively guarding the case" – Swain v Hillman(2001) 1 All ER 91), International Finance Corpn v Utexafrica Sprl ([2001] All ER D 101 (May)) "some other justifiable reason" - Capital Markets (UK) Ltd v Little Rock Mining [2001] 1 All ER (D) 104 (Jan)

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Summary Judgment The Claimant can apply for this for after affirmation of administration or the protection has been documented (24.4(1) heard under the steady gaze of allotment the court will give the gatherings 14 days see (PD 26.5.4) The application must be bolstered by confirmation (25.3(2) Notice period for administration on the opposite side = 14 crisp mornings before the hearing Other side must record and serve any proof accordingly 7 days before the hearing (further answers 3 days before hearing )

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Summary Judgment Factors to consider – (24.2) Swain v Hillman [2001] 1 All ER 91 The court may make a contingent request (PD 24.4, PD 24.5.2) .

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STRIKING OUT CPR 3.4(2) (c ) Repeated disappointments to follow bearings/court orders Protracted deferral in blend with a frail case on the benefits Conduct of the gatherings which puts the reasonableness of the trial in risk

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Further Reading CPR 12-16, 24 and 3