Combining the best of the Green and Blue Upheavals : Incorporating aquaculture with farming

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Customary cultivating the world over coordinated domesticated animals and harvests ... We require a mechanical form blending water and agri-societies. Taking the best of the ...

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Slide 1

Blending the best of the Green and Blue Revolutions : Integrating aquaculture with horticulture Kevin Fitzsimmons University of Arizona, Professor World Aquaculture Society, Past-President American Tilapia Association, Sec./Tres.

Slide 2

Global nourishment emergency Rapidly expanding populace Diversion of sustenances to powers Increased expenses for water, compost, fuel Multiple requests for farmland (urban sprawl, mechanical and mining, sunlight based and wind era, natural life preservation, watershed assurance, and so forth.) Need for second era biofuels

Slide 3

Need new model for sustenance generation Green Revolution – tremendous increment in sustenance creation, however overwhelming dependence on water system, fuel and manure Blue Revolution – very nearly half of fish is ranch raised, yet numerous ecological effects (effluents bringing about eutrophication, green growth sprouts, confine clashes with different clients in seas, narrows and lakes)

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Green Revolution Benefits Costs Large interest for manure Increases in water system (zone, sum, recurrence) Less "natural" More contamination Needs More instruction & preparing Large increments in yield Improved assortments Needs Increased interest for prepared masters Sophisticated ranchers

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Blue Revolution Benefits Costs Demand for bolsters with fishmeal Demands for clean water (volume and surface zone) Diseases and parasites Effluent contamination, green growth Needs ashore cultivates More training & preparing Large increments in fish yield Domesticated stocks Needs Increased interest for prepared authorities Sophisticated ranchers

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Historical viewpoint Traditional cultivating the world over incorporated animals and harvests East and South Asian agriculturists have long custom of coordinating horticulture and aquaculture Asian manageable cultivating frameworks bolster colossal populaces Fish – vegetable – rice (complex carb) eating regimen is recommended by most nourishment specialists

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Historical point of view Modern agribusiness can't take after Asian model of little homestead coordinated frameworks (planting) We require a mechanical form combining water and agri-societies Taking the best of the Green and Blue Revolutions

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Green Revolutions shortcomings are Blue Revolutions needs and the other way around Fertilizer request Increase in water system Chemical manures dirty groundwater Industrial harvests with by-items Aquaculture emanating rich in N and P Fish develop well in water system water Fish squanders are moderate discharge, natural Fish encourages require options for fish dinner and oil

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Models Arid terrains Tropical terrains Tropical beach front Temperate terrains Marine

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Arid Integrated Systems Tilapia Grapes, wheat, olives, grain, sorghum, cotton, melons, peppers

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Data report – Tilapia effluents flooding cotton Water pH lessened from 8.3 to 8.0 Added 19.7 kg/ha add up to N amid one product.

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Olives with aquaculture gushing Olives with well water

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Data report - Olives inundated with emanating

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Tropical Inland Integrated Systems Tilapia oil palm, rice, sugar stick

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Coastal Integrated Systems Shrimp/angle Halophytes and ocean growth

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Fish-shrimp-halophytes Eritrea

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Shrimp and Salicornia (halophyte)

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Temperate Integrated Systems Carp vegetables Catfish soybeans, corn Trout alfalfa, vegetables Aquaponics

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Marine Integrated Systems Salmon kelps, nori, mussels Shrimp seaweeds and shellfish Fish seaweeds, bivalves

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Shrimp/fish and palatable kelp

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Data report - Daily development rates of Gracilaria with shrimp profluent more than 4 weeks % development for every day

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Why Tilapia ? Second most imperative cultivated fish after the carps Most broadly developed of any cultivated fish In 2007 climbed to fifth most mainstream fish in the US

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What's required next? Substantial scale speculation Best innovations of ag and water Economies of scale Governmental thought Trained creation staff and semi-talented cultivating staff

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Multiple utilization of Water Gila Farms, AZ