Class 3b: Climate and Weather

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Today\'s class. Map projection leftoversAir weight and windsClimate comparisonsWeather: sea tempests. Map projections. Venture a round globe onto a level surfaceOptions?Stretch out some areasCut out some areasShrink a few zones. Map projections. Three properties to considerArea (level with range or equivalent)Shape (conformal)Distance (equidistant)Choose two out of threeHow substantial an area?Purpose of the mama

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Slide 1

Class 3b: Climate and Weather

Slide 2

Today's class Map projection remains Air weight and winds Climate correlations Weather: storms

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Map projections Project a round globe onto a level surface Options? Extend a few zones Cut out a few zones Shrink a few regions

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Map projections Three properties to consider Area (meet range or comparable) Shape (conformal) Distance (equidistant) Choose two out of three How expansive a region? Motivation behind the guide Ulterior thought processes?

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Cylindrical projections Shapes are saved But not region! Mercator projection Deliberate twisting? Icy War Colonialism

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Cylindrical projections: Gall-Peters Also saves region Distorts shape contrastingly Adjusting Mercator for an all the more "simply" guide

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Conic projections Best for halves of the globe or little districts Area and shape just somewhat mutilated

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Planar projections Equidistant; useful for route Only bravo half of the globe Distorts zone, not shape

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Other projections Based on more confounded math Interrupted, oval, mix Robinson Goode

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Air weight and winds Air is a liquid Warmer air is less thick Air moves from thick to less thick conditions Ex.: Land-ocean breezes

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Global air course Equator gets most insolation Hot air rises, heads towards posts Air turns out to be overwhelming and sinks at 30°N and S Plus the Coriolis impact

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Warmer air "holds" more water Low pressure=warm air=precipitation High pressure=cold air=dry air

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Ocean ebbs and flows Follow same roundabout example (driven by twist) Warm ebbs and flows stream far from equator, heap up on eastern shores Gulf Stream, Brazil Cold ebbs and flows stream towards equator, cause upwelling Humboldt/Peru, California

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Climate characterization Temperature and precipitation Köppen arrangement framework Nine sorts, in addition to high countries

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Climate order Form bunches as indicated by atmosphere Verify your answers Look at South America: discover a city or nation with your atmosphere (Humid mainland and subarctic/tundra, utilize North America—why?) Explain how insolation, worldwide air dissemination, elevation, and land/water vicinity make your place have the atmosphere that it does

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Weather: sea tempests Start at low weight focuses Warm air rises Water vanishes with vitality from sun With buildup, vitality is discharged