CAUSE 2003: From Industrial Revolution to Industrial Ecology

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CAUSE 2003: From Industrial Revolution to… Industrial Ecology with Amish, Eric, and Lauren

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History of IE Robert A. Frosch Nicholas E. Gallopoulus

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History of IE A framework that "would boost the prudent utilization of waste materials and of items at the closures of their lives as contributions to different procedures and industries." - Frosch, 1992 Essentially mirrors regular frameworks

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Types of Industrial Ecosystems Local, Regional, National, Global Industrial Symbiosis The Eco-Industrial Park

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An Eco-Industrial Park in Devens, Massachusetts "We ought to leave to the cutting edge a supply of 'personal satisfaction' resources no not exactly those we have acquired." - Devens Enterprise Commission - Local feeling - Government activity

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View of Devens, Massachusetts

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Major Characteristics of the Devens Eco-Industrial Park Material, water, and vitality streams Companies inside closeness Strong casual ties between plant administrators Minor retrofitting of existing infrastructure at least one grapple inhabitants.

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Examples of IE Common Sense IE: Saving assets Recycling Be effective when conceivable Why? Less assets expended ��  bring down operational costs Less waste/junk ��  bring down transfer costs

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Examples Liberal arrangements Using renewable assets Wastes turn out to be new assets Efficient generation Long-enduring outline of frameworks

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PSU Dining Commons Computer programming Batch Cooking Napkins

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Kalundborg, Denmark Industries trade squanders Companies made assentions 70s – 90s Asnaes – Coal-let go control plant Statoil – Oil Refinery Gyproc – plasterboard organization Novo Nordisk – biotechnology organization

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Coal Power Plant Inputs: Coal Surplus gas from adjacent refinery Cool Salt Water Products Electricity Steam + Heat Hot Salt Water Ash Gypsum http://www.indigodev.com/Kal.html

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Waste Gas Coal Power Plant Gypsum

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Fuels Petroleum Gas Oil Refinery Steam Sulfur

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Industrial Ecology in Kalundborg Saves assets: 30% better use of fuel utilizing consolidated warmth + control than creating separate Reduced oil utilization 3500 less oil-blazing radiators in homes Does not deplete new water supplies New wellspring of crude materials Gypsum, sulfuric corrosive, compost, angle cultivate http://www.symbiosis.dk

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Lead

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1989 http://print.nap.edu/pdf/0309049377/pdf_image/77.pdf

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Analysis of Lead, 1989, USA % Lead devoured for batteries = 78% In lead-corrosive batteries 700,000 tons out of 800,000 tons reused, were re-handled and reused ~ (87%) http://books.nap.edu/books/0309049377/html/77.html#pagetop

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~ 360,000 ~ 130,000 ~ 90,000 Smith, Gerald. "Lead Recycling in the United States in 1998".

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~ 880,000 ~ 1,420,000 ~ 1,000,000

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Lead, 1998 % Lead expended for batteries = 88% 95% reusing proficiency

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Automobile IE 65% of a car is included iron and steel In 2001, 15 million tons of iron and steel were reused from autos Can be utilized to deliver 48 million steel utility posts http://www.recycle-steel.org/autos/main.html

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From the Junkyard Useable motors, tires, batteries, liquids, and different parts are expelled for resale The body is transported to a scrap yard Magnets isolate press/steels Scrap metal is sent to steel processes New auto bodies are made with no less than 25% reused steel Other parts such tires can be destroyed and reused http://www.recycle-steel.org

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http://www.fes.uwaterloo.ca/u/jjkay/bars/IE/

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Why Aluminum? Can supplant steel Less thick than steel Increased mileage because of lighter autos Less discharges rusting

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Aluminum European Aluminum Assocation http://www.eaa.net/downloads/auto.pdf

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Aluminum Production Aluminum requires a lot of vitality to separate ~ 6 – 8 times more than steel However, recyclable without much misfortune

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Aluminum Cans In 1998 879,000 metric huge amounts of Aluminum jars were reused (63% of all Al jars) Cans involve under 30% of Al items In 1998, 3.4 million metric huge amounts of Aluminum were handled from reused Aluminum (37%). http://www.aluminum.org/Template.cfm?Section=Recycling

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Summary of Autos Recycling steel and aluminum Replacing steel with aluminum Buying longer enduring cars with better efficiency Using substitute method for transportation

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Intermission

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The Economics of Ecology (or… covering your main concern) Pictures civility of http://pubs.wri.org/pubs_description.cfm?PubID=3786 and http://www.kbnp.com/bl.htm individually.

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Monterey Regional Waste Management District Regional Environmental Park "Lessen, Reuse and Recycle" Hazardous Waste Mitigation Reselling materials as opposed to dumping Landfill Gas Power Project

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Cape Charles Sustainable Technology Park Create 400 Jobs in first phase of improvement for Local Area * 27% underneath neediness line Redevelop Brownfields Government Subsidy Natural Habitat and Infrastructure Solar Building Systems, Inc. Vitality Recovery

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Market Failure Negative Externalities Harm proportionate with yield delivered Harm increments at an expanding rate with yield created (synergistic impact) Harm noteworthy at first, increments at diminishing rate with yield delivered

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Market Failure Correction: Subsidies

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Economic Benefits of IE Hidden Resource Productivity Gains Within Firm : wiping out waste Making plant more proficient Within Value Chain : decreasing costs Synergies amongst creation and dispersion Beyond Production Chain : shut circle Eco-Industrial Parks and between firm relations

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Benefits of IE to Corporation Revenue Generation Cost Savings Reduced Liabilities Competitive Edge of Regulatory Flexibility Enhanced Public Image Market Leader

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Barriers to Development Suitability of materials to reuse High cost of reusing (disguise negative externalities) Information Barriers (must set up complementary connections between divisions) Organizational Obstacles Institutional Barriers (require financial and administrative government intercession)

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Macro to Micro Scale of IE Macro: Industrial Processes overall Meso: Sector Interrelationships Micro: Individual Consumer/Producer Behavior "Prominent Consumption" and Conspicuous Waste Photo civility of: http://www.cpm.ehime-u.ac.jp/AkamacHomePage/Akamac_E-text_Links/Veblen.html

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Jobs, Jobs, Jobs "President Bush is focused on expanding the profitability and abundance of the American economy and to guarantee that all areas, states, and groups partake in monetary open door." ~ David A. Sampson, Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Economic Development

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IE: Other Examples

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The Future of IE

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Iceland's Hydrogen Fueling Station

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That One Guy

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References http://www.is4ie.org//history.html http://www.devensec.com/sustain.html

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