Bugs, Germs, Diseases and Other Nasties

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Bugs, Germs, Infections and Other "Nasties". Pacific EMPRINTS Presentation August 1, 2006. Exhibited BY:. John Casken, RN, MPH., PhD., Individual, Illustrious Society of Wellbeing (U.K.) Executive, Office of Global Undertakings School of Nursing and Dental Cleanliness College of Hawai`i at Manoa

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Bugs, Germs, Diseases and Other "Nasties" Pacific EMPRINTS Presentation August 1, 2006

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PRESENTED BY: John Casken, RN, MPH., PhD., Fellow, Royal Society of Health (U.K.) Director, Office of International Affairs School of Nursing and Dental Hygiene University of Hawai`i at Manoa Honolulu, HI casken@hawaii.edu

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Outcomes What you'll gain from this introduction: Differences between bugs, germs, microbes, and infections Why these folks can bring about inconvenience What we can do to secure ourselves

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What are we truly discussing? Germs? Bugs? Microorganisms? Infections?

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Germs and Bugs In consistently utilize, we may state: "I got a bug" What is a "bug"? 1) Something little that is making us wiped out. 2) Something we get from another person or from something like sustenance that has gone "terrible."

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Germs and Bugs (2) Germs and bugs are not exact words to utilize professionally – in the wellbeing field But in the wake of giving you a formal meaning of microorganisms and infections, which are the more right names for germs, we will backpedal to utilizing bugs and germs

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Bacteria Technical Definition: "Any of an assortment of one-celled small scale life forms of the plant kingdom, existing as free living creatures or parasites, duplicating by subdivision and having a huge range or biochemical (counting pathogenic) properties." Melloni: Medical Dictionary

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More about Bacteria Can exist anyplace More microscopic organisms as independent people than some other life form More helpful sorts than unsafe ones Used in numerous human undertakings – making liquor, cheddar, sewage transfer

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Viruses Technical Definition: "An intracellular, irresistible parasite, fit for living and replicating just in living cells". Melloni: Medical Dictionary

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More about Viruses They are extremely minor and require an electron magnifying instrument to be seen Are made out of principally nucleic corrosive inside a protein coat At this time, infections are not known to be of significant worth to man, but rather as we have possessed the capacity to work with them for just around 80 years, despite everything we have a long way to go about them.

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Germs and Bugs – Problems (1) Germs cause irresistible illnesses. Irresistible infections are a noteworthy issue in many parts of the world, particularly poorer nations. TB, intestinal sickness, the runs, measles and HIV/AIDS are a portion of the major irresistible illnesses that are brought on by germs.

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Germs and Bugs – Problems (2) Being wiped out with an irresistible infection is an issue not only for the individual but rather for the individual's family, the individual's town and the entire group. In case you're wiped out, you can't work; you can't reap the yields. In case you're wiped out, you can contaminate other individuals et cetera et cetera.

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The Major Infection That We're Worried About We lived with Malaria and TB and we realize that they set aside a long opportunity to murder us! Avian 'Influenza or Pandemic 'Influenza can slaughter many individuals, quick. These influenza's are spread by germs

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Protection Against Bugs and Germs The principal thing to do is to ask how bugs and germs develop and after that how they spread among individuals and furthermore among creatures as they can likewise be influenced by bugs and germs

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How Bugs and Germs Grow Think of what we have to live and increment in numbers: A great safe place A decent sustenance source No adversaries

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Good Places for Bugs to Grow Each kind of bug can be distinctive however for most them warmth and dampness are essential. Sustenance ought to be promptly accessible. On the off chance that no adversaries they can different quick. Within bodies is frequently a magnificent place with everything that a bug needs!

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How Bugs and Germs Spread 1. They frequently can move a tad bit where they are living however can't make enormous moves. 2. They require a bearer: people pets animals insects plants

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Using People What did we do toward the start of the class? Did anybody share my sustenance and drink? Did anybody hack or sniffle?

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Using Pets My canine preferences me to scratch his ears and is continually staying nearby the kitchen and the table… .. When I take my pooch for a walk… yes! In the event that I don't lift it up there are a ton of germs in that chaos sitting tight for a ride Dogs and felines can dribble on furniture and lick our hands… .

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Using Animals Just like my pooch, numerous creatures live close individuals and their crap has germs. Individuals who work with the skins (or quills) of wild or local creatures can get germs from the skins (or plumes). Creatures can become ill from their own particular illnesses and pass on. Their remains can be loaded with germs holding up to be grabbed.

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Using Insects Flies are all over. Simply think: where was that fly strolling before it strolled on your sustenance? Mosquitoes spread numerous germs that cause real ailments. Ticks and different creepy crawlies feast upon our blood and spread germs all the while.

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Using Plants If you eat a vegetable or a natural product ask yourself how it got water? Who picked the plant? Who set it up for the table?

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Protecting Ourselves Basic Principle: Cut the spread of germs. On the off chance that they can't spread and numerous, they will cease to exist.

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Protecting Ourselves from Bugs and Germs 1. Maintain a strategic distance from issue territories and wiped out individuals 2. Dependable security, for example, inoculations and vaccinations – "shots" 3. Short enduring security, for example, bug splash

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More Protection The nuts and bolts: Soap and Water ! Washing hands – Happy Birthday x 2 Washing our bodies Washing our crisp products of the soil Washing garments Washing places in our homes

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More Protection For airborne spread: Cover mouth when hacking or wheezing Wearing a veil when managing things that have bugs and germs when other individuals are hacking and sniffling

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More Protection To diminish germs around our homes get crap dispose of things that can keep still water dispose of spoiled old sustenance

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Avian Flu – How It's Spread Among Birds Normal spread is from a wild winged creature to residential feathered creature. Ducks, geese and swans are normal transporters. Can be spread among household winged creatures by debased sustenance and dress, encourage and confines. The current very deadly infection HPAI H5N1 can make due for 35 days in debased crap at 4C and for 6 days at 37C.

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Spread from Birds to Humans Still indistinct how it's spread however for the most part through contact with dead or wiped out flying creatures – particularly when butchering winged creatures. Feathered creature droppings can be a wellspring of disease – in territories where children may play. It doesn't seem to spread by eating altogether cooked meat.

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Why Avoid an Avian Flu Death? H5N1 right now is very deadly. Passing is generally fast. Intense respiratory trouble inside around 6 days of contamination – you should be intubated keeping in mind the end goal to relax. Multi-organ disappointment and breakdown All the wellbeing staff will wear defensive apparel – no human contact.

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Can We Prevent Avian Flu Spread Only approach to effectively stop the spread is by butchering and painstakingly arranging the groups of the considerable number of winged animals Rigorous cleaning of the homesteads and regions where the fowls were How should this be possible in the Islands?

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Are There Any Drugs to Prevent or Cure? Various firms are taking a shot at an immunization against the H5N1 strain Tamiflu CAN be helpful if given to the patient inside 48-60hrs after indications start

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Current Situation 231 passings since the start of the most recent episode starting December 2004 Most passings have happened in S.E.Asia yet there have been passings in Turkey. The infection has been identified in winged animals all over Europe and Asia WHO is giving careful consideration to the issue as are most nations in the entire world in light of the fact that the expenses of a pandemic would be high

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If There is an Outbreak of Pandemic Flu – What happens? To date the most discussed arrangement is social disengagement for two weeks. Notwithstanding: 1. Regardless we'd have to tidy up the infection 2. How might your group adapt to nobody working for 2 weeks?????

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Best Advice Keep yourself forward on what is going on Practice the essential strides!

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Sign off Enjoy your stay in Honolulu.